272 Specifc Disasters and Crises: Preparations and Strategies
sustain moderate activity at an acceptable level o comort under moder-ate conditions (you will eel somewhat dehydrated). More than 1 quart o water every hour can be required to perorm heavy physical labor underextremely hot conditions. Typically allow or at least 1 gallon per personper day, and in desert climates, or hot humid climates, a realistic gure isto allow or 3 gallons per day per person.3.
Fill your bathtub and tape o your toilets.
Ater a major hurricane or foodhits, the public water system may be polluted, or entirely shut down, or weeks. Immediately ll your bathtubs, sinks, and other available containers with water. This will provide your household with a short-term supply o clean, potable water. There is a supply o clean, potable water in the toilettanks, hot-water heater, and piping in your house. When you notice thatthe tap water has stopped fowing, conserve the water in your toilet tanks(the tanks, not the bowl, contain potable water) and immediately notiy allother occupants to not fush the toilets.
Do not drink the toilettank water i you use an automatic toilet cleaner with blue toilet water.4.
Drain your water heater and pipes.
Water heaters are supplied with a ventlocated near the top o the tank and a drain near the bottom o the tank.Open the top vent (pull on the little lever on the spigot) and drain thetank into containers as needed. I there is dirt and sediment in the watercoming out o the tank,
do not discard this water.
the sedi-ment to settle and drink the water o the top.
Make sure you turn off the electricity or gas to your water heater before draining or it will be ruined!
Crack an upper aucet and open a lower hose bib or aucet to drain a gallonor two o water out o your home’s piping.
Several years ago, my riends David andNancy few to the island o Kauai or theirvacation. On the rst day o their vacation, they went or a walk on the beach. As theygazed out to sea, they watched a dark andsinister looking cloud build and boil on thehorizon. When the waterline receded about20 eet out to sea, they knew that somethingserious was about to hit. They rushed back to their rented cottage, a mile down the beachand a ew houses back rom the shore. By the time they reached their cottage, the windshad increased to over 80 miles per hour asHurricane Iniki approached the Island. SinceDavid was an employee o the public utilitydistrict in a mountain community, he knew the importance o preserving a supply opotable water. Immediately, he lled all thesinks and bathtubs in the house with waterand instructed the other occupants not tofush toilets or wash with the stored water.As the day progressed, winds increased to an almost unbelievable 175 miles perhour. The terried occupants crouched incorners, away rom windows, and watchedearully as large chunks o the neigh-boring houses blew by. Their house wasconstantly pelted with fying debris and the roar o the wind was deaening. Hourslater, when the storm cleared, there wasan eerie silence. Downed trees cluttered the roads, making automotive travel impos-sible. The stores quickly ran out o ood andwater. The water that David had stored in the bathtubs and sinks provided drinkingwater or several households. It took more than three weeks to restore electricity andwater to most o the island.