VOL.44 :16 JANUARY, 1929 -3 FEBRUARY, 1929
4. THEN AND NOW
Some critics of the constructive resolution
passed by theCongress think that it is something new sprung by me upon a Cong-ress that was eager for a vigorous, forward policy. In the first place Iclaim no originality for my resolution, for, it closely follows the pres-idential address. In the second, it is identical with the now muchlauded programme of 1920-21,
with certain desirable addi-tions. In1921, as now, we had prohibition with picketing, we had kha-ddar andboycott of foreign cloth with the burning demonstrati-ons and we haduntouchability campaign and Hindu-Muslim unity. The present pro-gramme adds the amelioration of the status ofwomen and removal of kindred social abuses. It also adds village reconstru-ction andorganization of city labour—surely, items that must find place in anyconstructive programme for the attainment of swaraj.Is there not excitement enough in the programme, if Congres-smen are serious about it? Picketing of liquor shops, foreign clothshops and collection and burning of foreign cloth are excitingenough for any worker and are enough to evoke all the resource fuln-ess that the best workers may be capable of.What, indeed, we have not in my resolution of the programme of 1920-21 is the boycott of legislatures, law-courts and educationalinstitutions and titles. Nothing would please me better than to findthese institutions that sustain the Government abandoned by thenation or at least Congressmen. I know that then we should haveswaraj and, what is perhaps more, we should have less corruption inthe Congress than we now have. But that time is not yet. Congressmenassist legislatures, law-courts and schools as much as any other, andperhaps during this year when the Congress works for the attainmentof a constitution in accordance with the Nehru Report it must functionthrough the legislatures. In any event one year is not too much evenfor the most impatient independencewallah to organize for thequadruple boycott assuming, of course, that the Nehru Report status isnot attained during the twelve months. And if we are serious about
”Speech on Constructive Programme, Calcutta Congress”, January 1,1929.
Appendix “Congress Resolution on Non-Cooperation”, December 30,1920.