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Amendola Et Al. (2011) - The Impact of Shift Length (Full Report)

Amendola Et Al. (2011) - The Impact of Shift Length (Full Report)

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Published by: PoliceFoundation on Oct 29, 2012
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The Impact of Shift Length in Policing on Performance, Health, Quality of Life, Sleep,Fatigue, and Extra-Duty Employment
A Final Report Submitted to the:
National Institute of Justice
 By:
Karen L. Amendola, PhDPolice FoundationDavid Weisburd, PhDHebrew UniversityGeorge Mason UniversityPolice FoundationEdwin E. Hamilton, MAGreg Jones, MAMeghan Slipka, MAPolice Foundation
With
:
 
Anneke Heitmann, PhDAwake Institute, LLCJon Shane, PhDJohn Jay College of Criminal JusticeChristopher Ortiz
, PhD
  New York Institute of Technology
 
Eliab Tarkghen, BSPolice Foundation
December 12, 2011
 
This project was supported by Award Number 2005-FS-BX-0057 awarded by the National Institute of Justice,Office of Justice Programs, US Department of Justice. The opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendationsexpressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of Justice.© 2011 Police Foundation. All rights reserved.www.policefoundation.org
 
Police Foundation i Impact of Shift Length
Table of ContentsList of Appendices .......................................................................................................................... iiList of Tables and Figures.............................................................................................................. iiiAbstract .......................................................................................................................................... ivAcknowledgements ..........................................................................................................................vIntroduction ......................................................................................................................................1Review of Literature ........................................................................................................................5
Research on Compressed Workweeks in Non-Law Enforcement Work Domains ............................. 5Research on Compressed Workweeks in Law Enforcement ............................................................. 25
Current Shift Schedules in American Policing ..............................................................................37
Method .............................................................................................................................................. 38Results ............................................................................................................................................... 41Discussion ......................................................................................................................................... 43
Experimental Study ........................................................................................................................44
Method .............................................................................................................................................. 45Agencies .................................................................................................................................. 45Participant characteristics ........................................................................................................ 46Sampling procedures ............................................................................................................... 48Sample size and power ............................................................................................................ 50Data collection methods and instruments ................................................................................ 52Research Design ................................................................................................................................ 61Multicenter trial ....................................................................................................................... 61Randomized block design ....................................................................................................... 61Random assignment ................................................................................................................ 62Concealment ............................................................................................................................ 63Measures .................................................................................................................................. 64Results ............................................................................................................................................... 79Flow of participants ................................................................................................................. 79Attrition ................................................................................................................................... 81Data Analysis .......................................................................................................................... 84Findings ................................................................................................................................... 92Discussion ....................................................................................................................................... 103
References ....................................................................................................................................113
 
Police Foundation ii Impact of Shift Length
Appendices ...................................................................................................................................139
Appendix A – Recruitment Documents .............................................................................. 139Appendix B – Sample Recruitment Letter ......................................................................... 142Appendix C – Volunteer Form ............................................................................................ 143Appendix D – Informed Consent - Detroit .......................................................................... 144Appendix E – Informed Consent - Arlington ...................................................................... 149Appendix F – Past and Current Psychometric Properties of Measures ............................... 153Appendix G – Sleep Apnea Letter ...................................................................................... 154Appendix H – General Linear Model .................................................................................. 157Appendix I – Sleep Diary .................................................................................................... 175Appendix J – Alertness Log ................................................................................................ 186

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