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Public Works Digest, October-November-December 2012

Public Works Digest, October-November-December 2012

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Published by: U.S. Army Installation Management Command on Oct 29, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Public Works
An innovative air curtain at a Fort Wainwright, Alaska, outdoor fring range provides a barrierto cold weather, making it tolerable or Soldiers rotating through the ort to weapons qualiy inmidwinter. The air curtain is a demonstration project o the Installation Technology TransitionProgram. Photo by James Buska, Engineer Research and Development Center. Page 36Volume XXIV, No. 5October/November/December2012
 Energy, Water andWaste
Public Works
Volume XXI, No.5,September/October 2009
Public Works Digest 
is an unofcialpublication o the U.S. Army InstallationManagement Command, under AR 360-1, The Army Public Aairs Program.Method o reproduction: photo-oset;press run: 1,600; estimated readership:5,000. Editorial views and opinionsexpressed are not necessarily those o the Department o the Army. Mentiono specifc vendors does not constituteendorsement by the Department o the Army or any element thereo.
 Address mail to:
U.S. Army Installation ManagementCommand2405 Gun Shed RoadFort Sam Houston, TX 78234-1223 Attn: Editor,
Public Works Digest 
 Telephone: 202-761-0022 DSN 763e-mail:editor.pwdigest@usace.army.mil
Gregg Chislett 
Chief, Public Works DivisionInstallation Management Command 
Mary Beth Thompson
 Managing EditoU.S. Army Corps of Engineers 
 Printed on recycled paper.
U.S. Army InstallationManagement Command2405 Gun Shed RoadFort Sam Houston, TX 78234-1223
Volume XXIV, No. 5
n the spring o 2010, Sierra Army Depot, Cali., was selected as a pilotnet-zero installation or the U.S. Army.By deinition,
net zero
means that theinstallation will be able to produce as muchpower as it consumes in a year.Sierra Army Depot spends about $8million per year in energy to heat, lightand cool its six million-plus square eeto useable space. This space includes 800storage igloos, 27 separate 90,000-square-oot warehouses and a multitude o oiceand maintenance acilities.Unortunately, our remote location inthe high desert o northern Caliorniadoes not oster the competition that bringsabout lower utility rates. The positive sideo having higher utility rates allows or ashorter time rame to recoup any energy saving investments. The depot has undertaken a ive-stepapproach to reach net zero:1. Reduce the demand.2. Educate the users o energy.3. Measure the usage.4. Partner with utility companies.5. Produce renewable energy.
 To be able to create enough renewableenergy, it is imperative to reduce thedemand or energy. This goal can bereached by doing a number o small thingsas well as larger projects.Install motion sensor light switches.Replace T12 bulbs with T8 bulbs or evenLED lights, which use about one-thirdo the energy o conventional bulbs andlast or up to 10 years. Add insulation.Install solar street lights, and replace older windows with low-e triple-pane windows.Replace older urnaces and boilers withhigh-eiciency ones. Talk with theDirectorate o Inormation Managementabout a program to shut o computers andmonitors when there is no activity or a while. Install tankless hot water heaters.In designing a new building or a majorretroit, use the lessons learned by others.Face the building to maximize light andphotovoltaic eectiveness. Put the utility rooms on the north side o the building.Paint the rooms with relective paint anduse relective window sills to bring lightinto the rooms, which can reduce thenumber o ixtures needed. Use solar powerto preheat make-up air. Use waterlessurinals, and collect the runo water orirrigation. These actions are all cheap ixes thatcombined have a quick payback and, insome cases, actually reduce the cost o construction.
Sierra has started a program to updateand educate acility managers about theirenergy usage. We also keep everyonethinking about energy by writing articlesor our depot newspaper. A proposal is inthe place to reward the 1,500-plus civilianemployees o Sierra i they meet the 2009presidential directive to reduce energy usage by 3 percent per year.Getting people to recognize that energy is a precious commodity is paramount toan eective reduction program.
 We are also installing utility meters where there were none to both meetmandates and to quantiy and identiy areas o high utility costs. This program will help us to allow occupants o likebuildings to compete against each other inenergy reduction. An Energy ManagementControl System will allow us to tie all o the inormation together to control andlower our utility ootprint.
By partnering with local utility companies, we can use the power roman adjacent geothermal plant to lowerour rates. This capability will also keepour electrical grid operational on a moreconsistent basis.Snow storms, high winds, desert heatand wild ires have caused us to experiencenumerous power outages. Partnering withour local power company will allow or amore consistent electrical grid.In a world where budgets are being cut, we all have to spend our money wisely and eiciently. Numerous programs existthat will und utility savings projects —Energy Savings Perormance Contracts,the Energy Conservation InvestmentProgram, power purchase agreements,the Environmental Security Technology Certiication Program and a host o others. Through these instruments, privatecompanies will spend their money to save you money. I it does not make sense, theenergy services company will not gambleits money. I it does make sense, we needto take advantage o their dollars.
Like most desert locations, the Sierra Army Depot has an abundance o sunny days. Photovoltaic ields can be placedin literally hundreds o locations on our37,000 acres. We also have a knowngeothermal capability. We are exploring numerous optionsand proposals to take advantage o theabundance o natural resources. The ability to produce power is a mandatory steptowards achieving net zero.Becoming net zero is not an easy task,but it is not impossible. It is just like
Robert M. Sanders Photo by Lloyd Gubler, Sierra Army Depot 
Focus on Net Zero
Becoming net zero
by Robert M. Sanders

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