Peter vs. Paul?
A rivalry?But when Cephas came to Antioch I opposed him to his face, because he stood condemned.
Forbefore certain men came from James, he ate with the Gentiles; but when they came he drew back and separated himself, fearing the circumcision party.
And with him the rest of the Jews actedinsincerely, so that even Barnabas was carried away by their insincerity.
But when I saw that they were not straightforward about the truth of the gospel, I said to Cephas before them all, “If you,though a Jew, live like a Gentile and not like a Jew, how can you compel the Gentiles to live like Jews?”— Galatians 2:11–142.
A Closer reading of Galatiansa.
Then after three years I went up to Jerusalem
to visit Cephas
remained with him fifteendays
But I saw
none of the other apostles except James
the Lord’s brother.
(In what I am writing to you, before God, I do not lie!)—Gal 1:18–20b.
Consults with ApostlesThen after fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus along with me.
I went up by
I laid before them
(but privately before those who were of repute) the gospel which I preach among the Gentiles,
lest somehow I should berunning or had run in vain
Peter entrusted with the Gospel to the Circumcised“. . . when they saw that I had been entrusted with the gospel to the uncircumcised,
just as Peter had been entrusted with the gospel to the circumcised
he who worked through Peter for the mission to the circumcised
worked through me also for the Gentiles)”—Gal 2:7–8d.
A Pillar“. . . and when they perceived the grace that was given to me, James and
who were reputed to be pillars
” (Gal 2:9a)e.
Given right hand of fellowship with condition“. . . gave to me and Barnabas
the right hand of fellowship
, that we should go to the Gentilesand they to the circumcised;
hey would have us remember the poor
, which very thing I was eager to do.”— Gal 2:9b–103.
Did Peter and Paul have a falling out after Antioch?a.
Paul affirms Peter’s role in later lettersi.
For it has been reported to me by Chloe’s people that there is quarreling among you, my brethren.
What I mean is that each one of you says, “I belong to Paul,” or “I belong toApollos,” or “I belong to Cephas,” or “I belong to Christ.”
Is Christ divided? WasPaul crucified for you? Or were you baptized in the name of Paul?— 1 Cor 1:11–13ii.
Do we not have the right to our food and drink?
Do we not have the right to beaccompanied by a wife, as the other apostles and the brethern of the Lord and Cephas?
Or is it only Barnabas and I who have no right to refrain from working for a living?— 1Cor 9:4–6iii.
1 Cor 15:5: [Jesus] appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve.b.
Peter Affirms Paul in 2 PeterSo also our beloved brother Paul wrote to you according to the wisdom given him,
speaking of this as he does in all his letters. There are some things in them hard tounderstand, which the ignorant and unstable twist to their own destruction, as they do theother scriptures.— 2 Peter 3:15–164.
Paul’s Self-Description is
on Peter’s Call in Matthew 16