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Kenya - Public Broadcasting In Africa (AfriMAP 2011)

Kenya - Public Broadcasting In Africa (AfriMAP 2011)

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Published by OSFJournalism
Kenya’s liberalisation of the airwaves since the mind-1990s has resulted in the transformation of broadcasting with numerous stations now serving as a platform for information and public debate. This has promoted a culture of participation in the democratic process, and has impacted positively toward good governance. However, the report, written by Grace Githaiga, does argue the need for media laws and regulations on the statute books to align with the country’s new constitution; top amongst which, is the urgent need for a new Kenya Broadcasting Corporation Act. The report provides evidence showing that KBC is both by law and practice, controlled by government, and is used largely to promote the interest of government alone. This, the report further states, goes against the Declaration of Principles of Freedom of Expression in Africa, which espouses for state broadcasters to be transformed into public broadcasters, independent of government and free from political and economic manipulation.
Kenya’s liberalisation of the airwaves since the mind-1990s has resulted in the transformation of broadcasting with numerous stations now serving as a platform for information and public debate. This has promoted a culture of participation in the democratic process, and has impacted positively toward good governance. However, the report, written by Grace Githaiga, does argue the need for media laws and regulations on the statute books to align with the country’s new constitution; top amongst which, is the urgent need for a new Kenya Broadcasting Corporation Act. The report provides evidence showing that KBC is both by law and practice, controlled by government, and is used largely to promote the interest of government alone. This, the report further states, goes against the Declaration of Principles of Freedom of Expression in Africa, which espouses for state broadcasters to be transformed into public broadcasters, independent of government and free from political and economic manipulation.

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Published by: OSFJournalism on Oct 30, 2012
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10/30/2012

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Kenya
A survey by the
Africa Governance Monitoring and Advocacy Project (AfriMAP)Open Society Initiative for Eastern Africa (OSIEA)Open Society Media Program (OSMP)
Public broAdcAsting in AricA series
 
 
Open Society Foundations 2011This publication is available as a pd on the Open Society Foundations website or the AriMAP website undera Creative Commons licence that allows copying and distributing the publication, only in its entirety, as longas it is attributed to the Open Society Foundations and used or noncommercial educational or public policypurposes. Photographs may not be used separately rom the publication.Written by: Grace Githaiga (researcher), Jeanette Minnie and Hendrik Bussiek (editors)Published by:Open Society Initiative or Eastern AricaISBN: 978-1-920489-20-5For more inormation contact:AriMAPPO Box 678Wits, 2050JohannesburgSouth Aricawww.arimap.orgOSIEAPO box 2193Nairobi, 00202Kenyawww.osiea.orgDesign and lay-out by COMPRESS.dsl | www.compressdsl.com
 
Contents
Acronyms vForeword viiIntroduction ix
1 Country Facts 1
1 Historical background 12 Government and political structures 33 Basic socio-economic data 54 Main challenges 65 Media and communication landscape 76 Brie history o broadcasting 11
2 Media Legislation and Regulation 13
1 International, continental and regional standards 132 The Constitution o Kenya 183 General media laws and regulations 214 Other laws with an impact on media and reedom o expression 275 Conclusions and recommendations 29
3 The Broadcasting Landscape 32
1 The Kenya Broadcasting Corporation 322 Commercial broadcasters 333 Community and other orms o broadcasting 384 Technical standard and accessibility o services 415 Concentration o media ownership 426 Conclusions and recommendations 44
4 Digitalisation and its Impact 46
1 Preparedness or switch-over within government and the industry 472 Preparedness or switch-over on the part o consumers 483 Increased competition 504 Conclusions and recommendations 51

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