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Zambia - Public Broadcasting In Africa (AfriMAP 2010)

Zambia - Public Broadcasting In Africa (AfriMAP 2010)

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Published by OSFJournalism
This report written by Chris Chirwa argues that Zambia must make urgent legal reforms within the media sector, especially given government\'s own acknowledgement in 2006, when it unveiled its Fifth National Development Plan, in which it admitted that: \'existing legislative framework within which the media operate does not sufficiently provide for freedom of the media, freedom of information and good governance.\' The report therefore, states that such an acknowledgement, gives firm cue for positive and speedy action to put in place new progressive media legislation and repeal existing laws that impede freedom of media and freedom of information in the country. Zambia currently has legislation that restricts media freedom, amongst which is the Penal Code, which amongst other things, deals ambiguously with sedition and criminalises defamation, it also empowers the President of the country to ban publications. There is the State Security Act, which is redundant, given the fact that Zambia is no longer threatened by its neighbours, the Anti-Terrorism Act, which is a tool can be subject to abuse by authorities in power, as well as the National Assembly (Powers and Privileges) Act granting unreasonable protection from criticism of law makers. The Zambia country report has 62 key recommendations in the media laws and operations of the public broadcaster, Zambia National Broadcasting Corporation (ZNBC), divided into 9 sections: media laws; the broadcasting landscape; digital migration; broadcast legislation and regulation; ZNBC funding; programming; perceptions of ZNBC; broadcast reforms and key recommendations.
This report written by Chris Chirwa argues that Zambia must make urgent legal reforms within the media sector, especially given government\'s own acknowledgement in 2006, when it unveiled its Fifth National Development Plan, in which it admitted that: \'existing legislative framework within which the media operate does not sufficiently provide for freedom of the media, freedom of information and good governance.\' The report therefore, states that such an acknowledgement, gives firm cue for positive and speedy action to put in place new progressive media legislation and repeal existing laws that impede freedom of media and freedom of information in the country. Zambia currently has legislation that restricts media freedom, amongst which is the Penal Code, which amongst other things, deals ambiguously with sedition and criminalises defamation, it also empowers the President of the country to ban publications. There is the State Security Act, which is redundant, given the fact that Zambia is no longer threatened by its neighbours, the Anti-Terrorism Act, which is a tool can be subject to abuse by authorities in power, as well as the National Assembly (Powers and Privileges) Act granting unreasonable protection from criticism of law makers. The Zambia country report has 62 key recommendations in the media laws and operations of the public broadcaster, Zambia National Broadcasting Corporation (ZNBC), divided into 9 sections: media laws; the broadcasting landscape; digital migration; broadcast legislation and regulation; ZNBC funding; programming; perceptions of ZNBC; broadcast reforms and key recommendations.

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Published by: OSFJournalism on Oct 30, 2012
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12/04/2012

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Zambia
A survey by the
Africa Governance Monitoring and Advocacy Project (AfriMAP)Open Society Initiative Southern Africa (OSISA)Open Society Institute Media Program (OSIMP)
AN OPEN SOCIETY FOUNDATIONS PUBLICATION
Public broAdcAsting in AricA series
 
 
Copyright © 2010, Open Society Initiative or Southern Arica. All rights reserved.No part o this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any orm,or by any means, without the prior permission o the publisher.Written by:Chris H Chirwa (researcher), Jeanette Minnie (regional editor) and Hendrik Bussiek (editor-in-chie)Published by:Open Society Initiative or Southern AricaISBN: 978-1-920355-97-5For more inormation contact:AriMAP / Open Society Initiative or Southern AricaPresident Place1 Hood Ave/148 Jan Smuts AveRosebankSouth AricaP.O. Box 678JohannesburgSouth Aricawww.arimap.orgwww.osisa.orgLayout and printing:COMPRESS.dsl, South Arica
 
Contents
Acronyms vForeword viiIntroduction ix
1 Country Facts 1
1 Government 12 Basic socio-economic data 43 Main challenges 64 The media landscape 85 Brie history o broadcasting 11
2 Media Legislation and Regulation 15
1 International, continental and regional standards 152 The Constitution o Zambia 203 General media laws and regulations 254 Other laws with an impact on media and reedom o expression 285 Jurisprudence 346 Conclusions and recommendations 36
3 The Broadcasting Landscape 41
1 The Zambia National Broadcasting Corporation 412 Commercial/private broadcasters 413 Community and religious broadcasting services 454 Technical standard and accessibility o services 495 Concentration o media ownership 516 Conclusions and recommendations 52
4 Digitalisation and its Impact 55
1 Preparedness or the switch-over 562 Convergence 573 Increased competition 584 Conclusions and recommendations 58

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