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Zimbabwe - Public Broadcasting In Africa (AfriMAP 2009)

Zimbabwe - Public Broadcasting In Africa (AfriMAP 2009)

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Published by MediaPolicy.org
This report is the result of research that started in 2008 with the aim of collecting, collating and writing up information about regulation, ownership, access, performance as well as prospects for public broadcasting reform in Africa. The Zimbabwe report is part of an 11-country survey of African broadcast media, evaluating compliance with the agreements, conventions, charters and declarations regarding media that have been developed at regional and continental levels in Africa. The research was carried out by Dr Sarah Chiumbu who has worked in different capacities in media in Zimbabwe and currently teaches media studies at Wits University in Johannesburg, and edited by Jeanette Minnie and Hendrik Bussiek.
This report is the result of research that started in 2008 with the aim of collecting, collating and writing up information about regulation, ownership, access, performance as well as prospects for public broadcasting reform in Africa. The Zimbabwe report is part of an 11-country survey of African broadcast media, evaluating compliance with the agreements, conventions, charters and declarations regarding media that have been developed at regional and continental levels in Africa. The research was carried out by Dr Sarah Chiumbu who has worked in different capacities in media in Zimbabwe and currently teaches media studies at Wits University in Johannesburg, and edited by Jeanette Minnie and Hendrik Bussiek.

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Published by: MediaPolicy.org on Oct 30, 2012
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12/04/2012

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Zimbabwe
A survey by the
Africa Governance Monitoring and Advocacy Project (AfriMAP),Open Society Initiative Southern Africa (OSISA) andOpen Society Institute Media Programme (OSIMP)
AN OPEN SOCIETY INSTITUTE NETWORK PUBLICATION
Public broAdcAsting in AricA series
 
 
Copyright © 2009, Open Society Initiative or Southern Arica. All rights reserved.No part o this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any orm,or by any means, without the prior permission o the publisher.Written by:Dr Sarah Chiumbu (researcher), Jeanette Minnie (regional editor) and Hendrik Bussiek (editor-in-chie)Published by:Open Society Initiative or Southern AricaISBN: 978-1-920355-26-5For more inormation contact:AriMAP / Open Society Initiative or Southern AricaPresident Place1 Hood Ave/148 Jan Smuts AveRosebankSouth AricaP.O. Box 678JohannesburgSouth Aricawww.arimap.orgwww.osisa.orgLayout and printing:COMPRESS.dsl, South Arica
 
Contents
Acronyms vForeword viiIntroduction ix
1 Country Facts 1
1 Historical background 12 Government 33 Economic and social development 44 Rule o law 65 Media landscape 76 Brie history o broadcasting 10
2 Media Legislation and Regulation 13
1 International, continental and regional standards 132 The Constitution o Zimbabwe 183 General media laws and regulations 224 Other laws with an impact on media and reedom o expression 295 The media and the inclusive government 366 Conclusions and recommendations 37
3 The Broadcasting Landscape 41
1 The state broadcaster 412 Commercial/private broadcasters 413 Community broadcasting 454 Technical standard and accessibility o services 465 Conclusions and recommendations 49
4 Digitalisation and its Impact 51
1 Preparedness or switch-over to digitalisation 512 Convergence 523 Conclusions and recommendations 52
5 Broadcasting Legislation and Regulation 55
1 The Broadcasting Authority o Zimbabwe (BAZ) 552 Licence conditions 573 Conclusions and recommendations 60

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