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Dispositional Theories of Value

Dispositional Theories of Value

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Published by zoommq
DISPOSITIONALTHEORIESOFVALUE
DISPOSITIONALTHEORIESOFVALUE

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Published by: zoommq on Oct 31, 2012
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12/04/2012

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DISPOSITIONAL THEORIES OF VALUEDavid Lewis
강수휘
Lewis
전략
:
.*
 
. 
schematic definition:
 
,
 
(
Something of the appropriate category is a value if and only if we would be disposed, under ideal conditions, to value it 
). 
:(1)
?(2)
?(3)
해 이상
?(4)
?(5)
? 
1.naturalistic theory: (i) analytic definition of value, (ii) fitting into naturalisticmetaphysics (
믿
 
invoke
deliver
.
 
.2.subjective theory:
.
 
아니다
;
,
 
.
,
 
.
 
3.internalist theory: conceptual connection between value and motivation;
모든
 
으며
,
. Theconnection is defeasible, in more ways than one.4.cognitive theory:
.
무엇가치있는 것인지관한 지식은 사실에 대한 우연문제들에 대한 후험
(a posteriori)
 
지식이다
;
원칙적으로는 심리학적 실험에 의해서 얻을 수 있는 지식이다
.But it is more likely to be gained by difficult exercises of imagination, carriedout perhaps in a philosopher’s or a novelist’s armchair.5.conditionally relativist:
 
제하않으
,
.
 
 
. It leaves the question open.6.realism about value: yes and no!(1) What is ‘valuing’?1Feeling: No!
(
 
)
너무나도다양하다
.2Belief: (i) One values something just by believing it to be a value; circular!(ii) Being a value is some property such that something has it-property iff we are disposed, under ideal conditions, to believe that the thinghas it. That is not empty; but it tells us little, since doubtless thereare many properties about which we are disposed to be right.*
믿
 
경우문제
:
태도차이
. Valuing is a
favourable
attitude (butbelief not!).
1
3Desire: (i) valuing something is just the same as desiring it; No! There are alot of counterexample. E.g.
마약중독자는도취상태욕구하지
,
 
.
.(ii)
(2
욕구
).* Higher-order desire problem:
 
?
1
 
.
가령맨과동일사람
,
(
 
이스슈퍼맨에대해서는
favorable
).
이러문제
Kripke
Lewis 
(counterpart theory)
.
믿
 
Kripke
.
 
 
?(Lewis
답변
) Valuing is just desiring to desire!
증거는
Moor
 
.(
최종적인
) To be a value-to be good, near enough-means to be that which weare disposed, under ideal conditions, to desire to desire.*
-
3-
:
만일
 
,
,
다면
,
.
 
부여하고
,
,
.
 
그가그것구하
,
만일 이 욕구다른 상충하는 욕구들에의해서 덜 요해지지않으
,
믿닌다면
,
.
믿
,
 
.-
.
 
.
 
없다
(
 
).*
(canonical way):
R
C
 
, C
R
;
유일
 
(
-
finkishdisposition
!
각주
6
 Tooley
).*
:
,
 
,
 
,
,
당신고려중인것에가치부여하는
,
 
것이다
.
당신발견한다
,
.-
의 내재적 개념
.
 
.
,
그것
 
.
,
그것은
 
.(2) What is the ‘appropriate category’?

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