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Std12 Chem EM 2

Std12 Chem EM 2

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Published by: Cristiano Hamdiansyah Sempadian on Oct 31, 2012
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CHEMISTRY
HIGHER SECONDARY - SECOND YEARVOLUME - II
Untouchability is a sinUntouchability is a crimeUntouchability is inhuman
TAMILNADUTEXTBOOK CORPORATION
College Road, Chennai - 600 006
 
© Government of TamilnaduFirst Edition - 2005Second Edition - 2006Revised Edition - 2007
CHAIRPERSON & AUTHOR
Dr. V.BALASUBRAMANIAN
Professor of Chemistry
(Retd.)
Presidency College, (Autonomous), Chennai - 600 005.
Dr. M.KRISHNAMURTHI
Professor of ChemistryPresidency College (Autonomous) Chennai - 600 005.
Price : Rs.
This book has been prepared by the Directorate of School Educationon behalf of the Government of Tamilnadu.This book has been printed on 60 G.S.M paperPrinted by Offset at :
REVIEWERS
Dr. R. ELANGOVAN
Joint Director, Sarva Shiksha AbhiyanCollege Road, Chennai - 600 006.
Dr. M.KANDASWAMY
Professor and HeadDepartment of Inorganic ChemistryUniversity of MadrasChennai - 600 025.
Dr. J.SANTHANALAKSHMI
Professor of Physical ChemistryUniversity of MadrasChennai - 600 025.
Dr. CHARLES CHRISTOPHER KANAGAM
Professor of ChemistryPresidency College (Autonomous)Chennai - 600 005.
AUTHORS
Mr. S.MUTHUKUMARAN,
Lecturer in ChemistryAcademy of Maritime Education & Training,BITS (Ranchi) Ext. Centre,Kanathur-603 112.
Mr. V.JAISANKAR,
Lecturer in ChemistryL.N.Government Arts College,Ponneri - 601 204.
Mrs. S.MERLIN STEPHEN,
P.G.Teacher in ChemistryCSI Bain Mat. Hr. Sec. SchoolKilpauk, Chennai - 600 010.
Mrs. N.KALAVATHY,
P.G. Teacher in Chemistry,J.G.G. Higher Secondary SchoolVirugambakkam, Chennai - 600 092.
Mrs. R.C.SARASWATHY,
P.G. Teacher in Chemistry,Govt. Girls Higher Secondary SchoolAshok Nagar, Chennai - 600 083.
Dr. V. NARAYANAN,
Lecturer in Inorganic ChemistryUniversity of Madras, Chennai - 600 025.
Dr. K. SATHYANARAYANAN,
P.G. Teacher in Chemistry,Stanes Anglo Indian Hr. Sec. School,Coimbatore - 18.
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PREFACE
Chemistry, a branch of science concerned with the properties, structuresand composition of substances and their reactions with one another. InorganicChemistry studies the preparation, properties and reactions of all chemicalelements and their compounds, except those of carbon. Organic Chemistry studiesthe reactions of carbon compounds, which are 100 times more numerous thannonorganic ones. It also studies an immense variety of molecules, including thoseof industrial compounds such as plastics, rubber, dyes, drugs and solvents. PhysicalChemistry deals with the Physical properties of substances, such as their boilingand melting points.The present book is included for the students of higher secondary secondyear. For convenience sake this text book of chemistry is published in two volumes.This text book is written after following the revised syllabus, keeping in view theexpectations of the National Council of Educational Research & Training(NCERT). This book will provide an “inverted pyramid” model to gain knowledgein all branches of chemistry. The topics such as Atomic Structure - II, PeriodicClassification - II, Solid State - II, Thermodynamics - II, Chemical equilibrium -II, Chemical Kinetics - II, Electrochemistry - I and II are designed in such a waythat students should have a continuous access to these topics. Hence, theknowledge gained in higher secondary first year will help the students to have acontinuous access to these topics. The knowledge gained in +1 will help thestudents to achieve excellence in the path of quest for chemical knowledge. Manyproblems are introduced in inorganic, physical and organic chemistry to enhancethe quantitative aptitude of students. The quantitative aptitude will enable thestudents to understand the concepts well.The importance of chemistry is well known. A knowledge of chemistrywill help anybody to understand biology, natural processes, geochemical concepts,pharmaceutical and biochemical concepts. Hence this text book will enhance theimage of the students in such a way that they can face any competitive examinationin future. The problems in all branches of chemistry and many more mechanismsof organic chemical reactions will help the students to understand the chemicalprinciples.
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