SIITME2009 – 15
International Symposium for Design and Technology of Electronics Packages978-1-4244-50330309/$26.00 ©2009 IEEE 17-20 Sep 2009, Gyula, Hungary195
Modeling and Simulation of Supercapacitors
, D. Petreu
, I. Ciocan and N. Palaghi
Department of Applied Electronics,Faculty of Electronics, Telecommunications and Information Technology,Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Cluj-Napoca, RomaniaEmail:Cristian.Farcas@ael.utcluj.ro
In this paper we present some models for supercapacitors. The supercapacitors are used more and more in high level industries such as: traction systems, automotive industry, aerospaceindustry, telecommunications etc.
Undestanding supercapacitors operation mode is necessary so wecan be able to determine the applications which require these components, and to be able to choosebetween supercapacitors and other energy storage devices.
In this paper were used some models for the implementation of supercapacitors, and the simulations made in Orcad 9.2 to determine their operation, are in time and frequency domain. Also, the models were implemented in Simulink 7.5 and the simulation results prove the models accuracy. Two test measurements on the ECOND Pscap350supercapacitor were realized and using the measurement data, two methods to compute the parameters are presented.
Electrical energy can be stored in two differentways:
– in batteries as potentiallyavailable chemical energy requiring faradicoxidation and reduction of the electro-activeagents to release charges that can performelectrical work when they flow between twoelectrodes having different electrodepotentials, and
– in an electrostatic way as negativeand positive electric charges on the plates of acapacitor by a process termed as non-faradicelectrical energy storage.Batteries have several downsides that eliminatetheir use as the primary power storage source. Theyrecharge slowly, have a limited number of rechargecycles, require large volumes of space and weight,have a cold intolerance, and while batteries have ahigh energy density they also have a very low powerdensity which means they are good for constant lowpower devices, but cannot produce short bursts of high peak power due to their internal equivalent seriesresistance (ESR).The ultracapacitors, also known assupercapacitors, solves many of the limitations thatarise with batteries. The biggest downside toultracapacitors is that though they have a larger powerdensity than batteries, they also have a smaller energydensity than batteries. This means that for a capacitorand battery of equal volume, the battery canpotentially store more energy than the capacitor, butthe capacitor can output stored energy as power at afaster rate compared to the battery .The supercapacitor resembles a regular capacitorwith the exception that it offers very high capacitancein a small package. Energy storage is by means of static charge rather than of an electro-chemicalprocess that is inherent to the battery. Applying avoltage differential on the positive and negative platescharges the supercapacitor .The supercapacitor can be recharged anddischarged virtually an unlimited number of times.Unlike the electrochemical battery, there is very littlewear and tear induced by cycling and age does notaffect the supercapacitor much. In normal use, a