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CPRI Brochure

CPRI Brochure

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Published by: Sathya Kalyan Tehavaram on Nov 01, 2012
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R&D CONCLAVE 2012
EMERGING OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES OF R&D IN INDIANPOWER SECTOR
19
th
 
 –
20
th
October 2012
 
MAVALANKAR AUDITORIUMOPP. SHRAM SHAKTHI BHAVAN, RAFI MARG,NEW DELHI 110 001
ORGANIZED BYCENTRAL ELECTRICITY AUTHORITYSEWA BHAVAN, R K PURAM,NEW DELHI
 – 
110 016www.cea.nic.in
 
CENTRAL POWER RESEARCHINSTITUTE, BANGALORE 560 080, INDIA
Website: 
1.0 OVERVIEW OF INDIAN POWER SECTOR
Power Sector is at a crucial juncture of its evolution from a controlled environment to a competitive, marketdriven regime which endeavors to provide affordable, reliable and quality power at reasonable prices to allsectors of the economy. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of our country has been growing at the rate of about 8% for the last several years. The liberalization and globalization of the economy has provided the muchneeded impetus to industrial growth. The fast track growth of commercial ventures in India has enabledpenetration of technology and I.T. in the day-to-day life of the common man and this has lead to highergrowth in demand for power.In the present scenario it is essential that development of the Power Sector shall be commensurate with theoverall economic growth of the nation. India is well positioned globally and stands out for its uniqueness anddiversity. Sources for power generation range from commercial sources like coal, lignite, natural gas, oil, hydroand nuclear power to other viable non-conventional sources like wind, solar and bio-mass etc. In order tomeet the increasing requirement of electricity, massive capacity additions are being planned during the nextdecade.The Power Sector is endeavoring to meet the challenges of providing adequate power needed to fuel thegrowing economy of the country within the realm of sustainable development and low carbon growth. Thrustis also accorded to maximizing efficiency in the entire electricity chain, which has the dual advantage of conserving scarce resources and minimizing the effect on the environment. In this background, it is strongly
 
felt that there should be a platform to aggressively discuss and debate all issues concerning the growth of Indian Power sector in the years to come. These issues will be addressed at the R&D Conclave 2012.
2.0 MINISTRY OF POWER - ACHIEVEMENTS AND INITIATIVES
The Mission of the Government is to provide quality power to all at reasonable rates. The enactment of theElectricity Act in June 2003 was a major milestone, which paved way for development of the power sectorwithin a competitive and liberal framework while protecting the interests of the consumers, as well as creatingan eco-system for attracting investments in the sector. The National Electricity Policy and the National Tariff Policy were finalized by the Government to steer the evolution of the power sector within the ambit of theAct. However, while traversing the developmental path, need for review of certain aspects of the Electricity
Act and the Government’s policies
is
inevitable. This was essential in order to make the Government’s
objectives achievable in accordance with the stipulated intentions and boundaries of the institutional andfinancial viability. The power sector may find it difficult to focus on its social commitments unless it iscommercially and financially viable.To ensure that the benefits of the increased availability of power reach the poorest of the poor in ruralareas, the Government has implemented the Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana with vigor and
determination. The Government’s R
-APDRP initiative aims at reducing AT&C losses through application of ITfor energy auditing and accounting and through technological up gradation and strengthening of distributioninfrastructure in addition to ensuring supply of reliable and quality power. Reliability is manifested in the twinmatrix of system availability and adequate reserves and redundancies across the value chain to cater tounforeseen situations. Since the distribution sector still remains an area of concern, major constraints arebeing experienced and suggestions to make the distribution sector technically robust and to strengthen itfinancially are the challenges which are being addressed.
3.0 RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
Ministry of Power has been encouraging R&D through Research Scheme on Power (RSOP) and NationalPerspective Plan (NPP) R&D. Realizing the fact that Power Sector is highly technology intensive and Researchand Development (R&D) plays a major role in the developmental plans, especially while consideringintroduction of new and advanced Technologies for strengthening of our power sector, lot of emphasis hasbeen laid on expansion and sustenance of R&D in Indian Power sector. Adoption and absorption of newtechnologies in a phased manner is essential towards a balanced growth of this Sector. However, focus will beon evolving ways and means to build expertise within the country and to find solutions for the problemsexisting in the system and also for the problems that may arise in the future.To absorb high end technologies, national level R&D base is important to understand the varioustechnologies and their advancements to work in the Indian environment. Collaborative Research in a phasedmanner is needed to bridge the gap between knowledge and technology and to build expertise to findsolutions for the problems existing in the system and also for problems that may arise in the future. There is aneed to form a proactive & collaborative R&D Policy to develop innovative solutions to strengthen the IndianPower Sector through networking with research organizations, academic institutions and the power industry. The Research Scheme on Power is intended for Research initiatives at utility level, but it also involvesacademia and the industry. It has kept up the spirit of R&D in the utilities and significant contributions havecome out of this scheme. The ambitious plans of MoP for rapid expansion of R&D in Indian Power sector isrealized through this scheme. Collaborative R&D was initiated with active participation of privateindustry/academia/research institute under the National Perspective Plan R&D scheme. The R&D initiativesunder RSOP and NPP have shown significant and high impact R&D outputs. The R&D conclave 2012 willprovide an ideal platform for taking these initiatives further for sustainable development of Power sector inIndia. 
 
4.0 CENTRAL ELECTRICITY AUTHORITY- MENTORING R&D OF INDIAN POWER SECTOR
Central Electricity Authority (CEA) is a Statutory Body constituted under the erstwhileElectricity (Supply) Act, 1948, and superseded by the Electricity Act 2003, where similarprovisions exist. CEA is the technical arm of the Ministry of Power and is responsible for thetechnical coordination and supervision of programmes and is also entrusted with a number of statutory functions. The functions and duties of the Authority are delineated under section 73of the Electricity Act 2003. It has a major role to play in the management and coordination of R&D of Power sector in India. CEA is associated with NPP scheme since its inception and hascontributed in a big way for successful field implementation of the outcome of R&D projectsunder NPP scheme.
5.0 CENTRAL POWER RESEARCH INSTITUTE- IN THE FOREFRONT OF RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY
The Central Power Research Institute (CPRI) was established by the Government of India in 1960 with theobjective of helping the Indian Power sector. The Institute was re-organized into an autonomous society in theyear 1978 under the aegis of the Ministry of Power, Government of India. The main objectives of setting upthe institute was for it to serve as a national level laboratory for undertaking applied research in electricalpower engineering, besides functioning as an independent national testing and certification authority forelectrical equipment and components to ensure reliability in the power system and to innovate and developnew products. It has been functioning as a national level power research organization for undertakingcollaborative R&D projects in the fields of generation, transmission, distribution and operation of electricitysupply systems in-addition to providing necessary centralized research and testing facilities for evaluation of materials and the performance of power equipment. CPRI has successfully managed the RSOP scheme since2001 and is coordinating the NPP R&D scheme.
6.0 R&D CONCLAVE 2012- THE AGENDA
The Report of Working Group on Power for the 12
th
Plan has documented the expectations of the IndianPower sector during the plan period. The major areas of concern in all the thrust areas of Power have beenidentified and need for proactive and collaborative R&D involving Industry, utility, academia, researchinstitutes and statutory institutions have been underlined and emphasized for growth of the Power sector.The R&D Conclave 2012 aims at brining all the stake holders on to a common platform to brainstorm anddeliberate on all important issues and crucial needs, including infrastructure development, for implementationthrough well planned and structured R&D. The conclave is expected to lay the Road Map for R&D of IndianPower sector during the 12
th
Plan and beyond, under the guidance and support of Ministry of Power.
7.0 MAJOR AREAS FOR DISCUSSIONS
The suggested topics for discussions under major thrust areas are:
 
GENERATION:THERMAL GENERATION
 Ultra Super Critical (USC), IGCC TECHNOLOGY, Waste Heat RecoverySystems, Artificial Neural Network based Power Plant Optimization, Advisory and feasibility of IntegratingSupervisory Controls Development of advanced NDT based diagnostics and inspection tools for conditionassessment of plant components
Hydro Generation
 Integrated Operation of Cascade Hydro Power Plants Optimization Studies for Exploitationof Hydro Potential Technological Advancement in Investigation of Hydro Projects and use of GIS/GPSTechnology for Spilt Runners/ Site Fabrication of Runners Development of Facilities for Large Size/WeightCasting and Forging Facilities Modernization of Automation
RENEWABLE ENERGY AND DISTRIBUTED GENERATION: P
rimary converters, Energy storage: electrical andthermal storage with enhanced charge-discharge efficiencies and new technology routes, Electrical energydistribution and gridding

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