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Sri Lanka Impunity Report Nov 12 Final

Sri Lanka Impunity Report Nov 12 Final

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Published by Sri Lanka Guardian
A new Sri Lanka report on the Judiciary, the Attorney General and State Immunities published by the International Commisison of Jurists and released today.

The 158-page report, Authority without Accountability: The Crisis of Impunity in Sri Lanka, documents how, and why, it has become nearly impossible for people who have suffered serious violations of their human rights to receive justice in Sri Lanka. Recent attacks on judicial officers and judges only highlight the systematic erosion of accountability mechanisms.

More Information at
www.srilankaguardian.org
A new Sri Lanka report on the Judiciary, the Attorney General and State Immunities published by the International Commisison of Jurists and released today.

The 158-page report, Authority without Accountability: The Crisis of Impunity in Sri Lanka, documents how, and why, it has become nearly impossible for people who have suffered serious violations of their human rights to receive justice in Sri Lanka. Recent attacks on judicial officers and judges only highlight the systematic erosion of accountability mechanisms.

More Information at
www.srilankaguardian.org

More info:

Published by: Sri Lanka Guardian on Nov 01, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/04/2012

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Authority without accountability:
The crisis of impunity in Sri Lanka
November 2012
 
 
Authority without Accountability: T
HE
C
RISIS OF
I
MPUNITY IN
S
RI
L
ANKA
|
2
 
The Sri Lanka team comprised senior human rights advocate and ICJ consultantfor the Study, Kishali Pinto-Jayawardena and research associates GehanGunetilleke and Prameetha Abeywickreme, Attorneys-at-Law. Dr J. de AlmeidaGuneratne, President’s Counsel reviewed the report in Sri Lanka. BasilFernando, Director of the Asian Human Rights Commission and Sri LankanAttorney-at-Law contributed perspectives during the drafting. Revisions on theinternational law were made by Ian Seiderman, Sam Zarifi, Sheila Varadan andReema Omer.The researchers wish to thank retired and sitting judges of the superior andsubordinate courts in Sri Lanka as well as Sri Lankan legal practitioners whosegenerously shared views were of considerable value during the writing of thisdocument. Their names are kept confidential on their request.The law and facts are stated as at 26 October 2012.Composed of 60 eminent judges and lawyers from all regions of the world, theInternational Commission of Jurists promotes and protects human rights throughthe Rule of Law, by using its unique legal expertise to develop and strengthennational and international justice systems. Established in 1952 and active on thefive continents, the ICJ aims to ensure the progressive development andeffective implementation of international human rights and internationalhumanitarian law; secure the realization of civil, cultural, economic, political andsocial rights; safeguard the separation of powers; and guarantee theindependence of the judiciary and legal profession.© Copyright International Commission of JuristsThe ICJ permits free reproduction of extracts from any of itspublications provided that due acknowledgment is given and a copy of the publication carrying the extract is sent to its headquarters at thefollowing address:
International Commission of Jurists
 P.O. Box 91,33, Rue des Bains,Geneva, SwitzerlandE-mail: info@icj.orgwww.icj.org
 
Authority without Accountability: T
HE
C
RISIS OF
I
MPUNITY IN
S
RI
L
ANKA
|
i
 
Table of Contents
ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS..........................................IV
 
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY..............................................................1
 
INTERNATIONAL LEGAL FRAMEWORK....................................10
 
1.
 
International Law Applicable to Sri Lanka.............................................10
 
2.
 
The Judiciary.........................................................................................17
 
2.1
 
Judicial Independence..........................................................................17
 
2.2
 
Impartiality of the Judiciary..................................................................18
 
2.3
 
Institutional and financial autonomy......................................................18
 
2.4
 
Appointment......................................................................................19
 
3.
 
The Role of Lawyers and Prosecutors in the Protection and Promotionof Human Rights.........................................................................................19
 
4.
 
International Law on States of Emergency............................................21
 
4.1
 
Judicial Oversight................................................................................23
 
4.2
 
The Right to a Remedy in a State of Emergency......................................23
 
5.
 
Impunity...............................................................................................24
 
CHAPTER 1: FORTY YEARS OF EMERGENCY: THE NEXUSBETWEEN EMERGENCY LAWS AND STATE ACCOUNTABILITY..25
 
1.
 
Historical Context.................................................................................25
 
1.1
 
Post independence period.....................................................................25
 
2.
 
Emergency laws under the 1978 Constitution.......................................28
 
3.
 
The Public Security Ordinance No. 25 of 1947 (PSO)............................29
 
4.
 
The Prevention of Terrorism Act (Temporary Provisions) Act No. 48 of 1979 (PTA).................................................................................................31
 
4.1
 
Admission of Information obtained by torture or cruel, inhumane or otherdegrading treatment or punishment.............................................................36
 
5.
 
Emergency Regulations.........................................................................37
 
6.
 
Prevention of Terrorism Regulations 2011............................................40
 
7.
 
The Case Law........................................................................................43
 
7.1
 
Will Courts intervene in the legality of orders issued under the PTA and theER? 43
 
8.
 
Conclusion: The Emergency Regime and Impunity................................47
 
CHAPTER 2: IMMUNITY UNDER THE CONSTITUTION ANDLEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK....................................................48
 

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