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City and Biodiversity

City and Biodiversity

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01/27/2013

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Cities andBiodiversity 
 
Outlook 
A Global Assessment of the Links betweenUrbanization, Biodiversity, and Ecosystem Services
 Action and Policy
 
© Secretariat o the Convention on Biological Diversity.
Citiesand Biodiversity Outlook
(ISBN 92-9225-432-2 is an open accesspublication, subject to the terms o the Creative CommonsAttribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/).Copyright is retained by the Secretariat.
Cities and Biodiversity Outlook
is reely available online:www.cbd.int/authorities/cbo1.shtml.An annotated version o the publication with complete reerencesis also available rom the website. Users may download, reuse,reprint, modiy, distribute, and/or copy text, fgures, graphsand photos rom
Cities and Biodiversity Outlook
, so long as theoriginal source is credited. The designations employed and thepresentation o material in
Cities and Biodiversity Outlook
do notimply the expression o any opinion whatsoever on the part o theSecretariat o the Convention on Biological Diversity concerningthe legal status o any country, territory, city or area or o itsauthorities, or concerning the delimitation o its rontiers orboundaries.Citation: Secretariat o the Convention on Biological Diversity(2012)
Cities and Biodiversity Outlook
. Montreal, 64 pages.For urther inormation, please contact:
Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity
World Trade Centre413 St. Jacques Street, Suite 800Montreal, Quebec, Canada H2Y 1N9Phone: 1 (514) 288 2220Fax: 1 (514) 288 6588E-mail: secretariat@cbd.intWebsite: www.cbd.int
 
1
Cities and Biodiversity Outlook 
Contents
Foreword by the UN Secretary-General .........................................................2Message rom the Executive Director oUNEP ...................................................3Preace by the Executive Secretary othe CBD ...................................................4Overview o 
Cities and Biodiversity Outlook Action and Policy 5
SECTION I
Summary o Global Urbanization, Biodiversity, and Ecosystem ServicesChallenges and Opportunities ...........................................................7
SECTION II
Key Messages
1.
Urbanization is both a challenge and an opportunity to manage ecosystem services globally ...20
2.
Rich biodiversity can exist in cities .....................................................22
3.
Biodiversity and ecosystem services are critical natural capital ............................26
4.
Maintaining unctioning urban ecosystems can signicantly enhance human health andwell-being .........................................................................29
5.
Urban ecosystem services and biodiversity can help contribute to climate-changemitigation and adaptation ............................................................33
6.
Increasing the biodiversity o urban ood systems can enhance ood and nutrition security ....36
7.
Ecosystem services must be integrated in urban policy and planning .......................39
8.
Successul management o biodiversity and ecosystem services must be based on multi-scale, multi-sectoral, and multi-stakeholder involvement .................................43
9.
Cities oer unique opportunities or learning and education about a resilient andsustainable uture ..................................................................47
10.
Cities have a large potential to generate innovations and governance tools and thereorecanand musttake the lead in sustainable development ................................50
SECTION III
Resources .............................................................................53Evolution othe CBDs Cities and Biodiversity Initiative .......................................58Appendix 1: Aichi Biodiversity Targets .........................................................60CBO Inter-Agency Task-Force and Advisory Committee Members ..................................62List oContributors .........................................................................63Photo Credits ..............................................................................64
The ull text o 
Cities and Biodiversity Outlook
is available online at www.cbd.int/en/subnational/partners-and-initiatives/cbo.
Cities and Biodiversity Outlook
was supported by the Government o Japan through the Japan Biodiversity Fund, by the EuropeanUnion and several national research councils in Europe through BiodivERsA, and by SIDA through The Resilience andDevelopment Program—SwedBio.

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