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Table Of Contents

1 Introduction
1.1 Background
1.2 Objectives
2.2.2 A Thermodynamic Comparison of Water and Organic Fluids
2.2.3 Organic Working Fluid Selection
2.2.5 The impact of turbine inlet pressure on ORC performance
2.3 Summary and conclusions
3 Organic Rankine Cycle Models
3.1 Rapid Screening Cycle Analysis Model
Figure 3.2: Flow directions of HTF and WF through the boiler
Figure 3.3: Heat exchanger pinch-point temperature
Figure 3.4: Turbine Generator process flow
Figure 3.6: Flow directions in the condenser
Figure 3.7: Pump fluid flows
3.1.1 Alternate cycle configurations
Figure 3.8: Turbine reheat system flow directions
3.1.2 Heating Curve Generation
Figure 3.10: process flow for simulation and optimization power cycle model
3.3.2 Model Calibration Based on Manufacturer Predictions
4 ORGANIC RANKINE CYCLE ANALYSIS
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Evaluation of Alternative Organic Rankine Cycle Configurations
Table 4.1 Coolidge ORC Design Specifications
Figure 4.4: T-S diagram for the Coolidge plant without recuperation
4.2.6 Summary and Conclusions
Table 4.2 ORC Performance Summary
4.3 A Comparison of Steam and Organic Rankine Cycles
Table 4.3 Model Inputs
Table 4.4 Properties of Candidate Fluids
4.3.3 Summary and Conclusions
5.1 Introduction
5.2 A General Powerplant Optimization Framework
5.2.1 Finite-Time Thermodynamic Analysis
5.2.2 Optimizing Traditional Powerplants
5.2.4 An Optimization Methodology for Solar-Thermal Powerplants
5.3 Optimizing the APS Saguaro Plant
5.3.1 APS Optimization Results & Discussion
Table 5.2 Heat exchanger allocation, %
5.4 Conclusions
6.1 Introduction
6.2. Background and Literature Review
6.2.1 Storage Concepts
6.2.2 Research Progress
6.3 Packed-Bed Thermal Storage Modeling
6.3.1 Analytical solution to the Packed-Bed Heat Transfer Problem
Figure 6.4: Storage tank coordinate system and differential control volume
6.3.2 General System Performance
Table 6.2 Storage System Test Case Parameters based on Solar One*
6.3.5 Comparison with Data from Solar One
6.4 Summary and Conclusions
7.1 Indirect Storage Design Considerations
7.2 Storage System Control and Operating Strategies
7.3 Sample TRNSYS Simulations
8 Conclusions and Recommendations
References
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McMahan - 2006 - Design & Optimization of Organic Rankine Cycle Solar-Thermal Powerplants

McMahan - 2006 - Design & Optimization of Organic Rankine Cycle Solar-Thermal Powerplants

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Published by: RenewableEnergyPaper on Nov 01, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/11/2013

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