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Cutnell 7 Edition appendix answers to problems

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A-9

CHAPTER 1

CYU 1:

b and d

CYU 2: (a)

11 m

(b)

5 m

CYU 3: (a)(b)(c)CYU 4:

a

CHAPTER 2

CYU 1:

His average velocity is 2.7 m/s,due east. His average speed is8.0 m/s.

CYU 2:

c

CYU 3:

1.73

CYU 4:

b

CHAPTER 3

CYU 1:

b

CYU 2:

c

CYU 3:

a and c

CYU 4: 1.

ϩ

70 m/s

2.

ϩ

30 m/s

3.

ϩ

40 m/s

4.

Ϫ

60 m/s

CHAPTER 4

CYU 1:

c

CYU 2:

d

CYU 3:

43

Њ

CYU 4:

a

CYU 5:

a

CHAPTER 5

CYU 1: (a)

The velocity is due south,andthe acceleration is due west.

(b)

The velocity is due west,andthe acceleration is due north.

CYU 2: (a)

4

r

(b)

4

r

CYU 3:

less than

CYU 4: (a)

less than

(b)

equal to

R

x

is

ϩ

,

R

y

is

ϩ

B

x

is

ϩ

,

B

y

is

Ϫ

A

x

is

Ϫ

,

A

y

is

ϩ

CHAPTER 6

CYU 1:

b

CYU 2:

false

CYU 3:

b and d

CYU 4:

c

CHAPTER 7

CYU 1:

b

CYU 2:

a

CYU 3:

d

CYU 4:

above the halfway point

CHAPTER 8

CYU 1:

B,C,A

CYU 2:

1.0 rev/s

CYU 3:

0.30 m

CYU 4:

8.0 m/s

2

CHAPTER 9

CYU 1:

0

Њ

,45

Њ

,90

Њ

CYU 2: (a)

C

(b)

A

(c)

B

CYU 3:

A,B,C

CYU 4: (a)

Both have the sametranslational speed.

(b)

Both have the sametranslational speed.

CHAPTER 10

CYU 1:

180 N/m

CYU 2:

II

CYU 3:

b,c,a

CYU 4:

The rod with the squarecross section is longer.

CHAPTER 11

CYU 1:

increase,decrease,remain constant

CYU 2:

c

CYU 3:

d

CYU 4:

e

CHAPTER 12

CYU 1:

178

Њ

X

CYU 2:

b and d

CYU 3:

c,b,d,a

CYU 4:

c,a,b

CHAPTER 13

CYU 1:

c

CYU 2:

b

CHAPTER 14

CYU 1:

66.4%

CYU 2:

Xenon has the greatest and argonthe smallest temperature.

CYU 3:CYU 4:

c,a,b

CHAPTER 15

CYU 1:

d

CYU 2:

b

CYU 3:

c

CYU 4:

d

CHAPTER 16

CYU 1:

a

CYU 2:

CO and N

2

CYU 3: (a)(b)

2

CYU 4: (a)

The truck driver is driving faster.

(b)

minus sign in both places

CHAPTER 17

CYU 1: (a)

0 cm

(b)

Ϫ

2 cm

(c)

ϩ

2 cm

CYU 2:

387 Hz

CYU 3: (a)

4

(b)

3

(c)

node

(d)

110 Hz

CYU 4: (a)

antinode

(b)

node

(c)

(d)

lowered

1414

v

rms, new

v

rms, initial

ϭ

0.707

ANSWERSTO CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING

46179_Answers_pA9-A19.qxd 1/26/06 4:13 PM Page A-9

A-10|ANSWERSTO CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING

CHAPTER 18

CYU 1:

b and e

CYU 2:

c,a,b

CYU 3:(a)

corner C

(b)

negative

(c)

greater

CYU 4:

The ﬂuxes in (

a

) and (

b

) are thesame.

CHAPTER 19

CYU 1:(a)

Yes.

(b)

No.

(c)

Yes.

(d)

Yes.

CYU 2:

b,c,a and d (a tie)

CYU 3:(a)

ϩ

2.0 V

(b)

0 V

(c)

ϩ

2.0 V

CYU 4:(a)

decreases

(b)

increases

(c)

increases

(d)

increases

CHAPTER 20

CYU 1:

B,D,and E

CYU 2:

c

CYU 3:

3

R

,and

CYU 4:

I

1

ϩ

I

3

ϭ

I

2

3.0 V

ϩ

7.0 V

ϩ

I

3

R

3

ϭ

I

1

R

1

5.0 V

ϭ

I

3

R

3

ϩ

7.0 V

ϩ

I

2

R

2

CYU 5:

0.80 s

CHAPTER 21

CYU 1:

d

CYU 2:

1,3,2

CYU 3:

B and D (a tie),A,C

CYU 4:

A,D,C,B

CHAPTER 22

CYU 1:

d

CYU 2:

a

13

R

23

R

,

32

R

,

CYU 3:

The ﬁeld points away from youand is decreasing,or the ﬁeldpoints toward you and isincreasing.

CYU 4:

the one-turn coil

CYU 5:

b and d

CHAPTER 23

CYU 1:

The ratio increases by a factor of 3.

CYU 2:(a)

inductor

(b)

resistor

CYU 3:

less than

CYU 4:(a)

remains the same

(b)

decreases

CHAPTER 24

CYU 1:

e

CYU 2:

d

CYU 3:

B,A,C

CYU 4:

unpolarized—cpolarized—b

CHAPTER 25

CYU 1:

55°

CYU 2:

f

inside

ϭϩ

0.30 m

f

outside

ϭϪ

0.30 m

CYU 3:

The magnitudes of the imagedistance and the image height bothbecome larger.

CYU 4:

A,D,and E

CHAPTER 26

CYU 1:

B

CYU 2:

c

CYU 3:

A

CYU 4:

converging lens,

d

o

ϭ

CYU 5:

0.042 rad

CHAPTER 27

CYU 1:(a)

constructive

(b)

destructive

(c)

destructive

12

f

CYU 2:(a)

d

1

and

2

(b)

d

2

and

1

CYU 3:(a)

A and C

(b)

B

CYU 4:(a)

broaden

(b)

contract

CYU 5:(a)

the maximum that is closer tothe central maximum

(b)

away from the centralmaximum

CHAPTER 28

CYU 1:

d

CYU 2:

b

CYU 3:

greatest—csmallest—b

CYU 4:

c

CHAPTER 29

CYU 1:

a

CYU 2:

less than

CYU 3:

b

CHAPTER 30

CYU 1:

d

CYU 2:(a)

Yes.

(b)

No.

CYU 3:

1s

2

2s

2

2p

6

3s

2

3p

6

4s

2

3d

10

4p

6

CYU 4:

c

CHAPTER 31

CYU 1:

c,d

CYU 2:

c

CYU 3:

d

CYU 4:

b

CHAPTER 32

CYU 1:

neutrons,

␣

particles,

␥

rays

CYU 2:

c

CYU 3:

d

CYU 4:

b and d

46179_Answers_pA9-A19.qxd 1/27/06 1:06 PM Page A-10

A-11

CHAPTER 1

1.

1.37 lb

3. (a)

54.7 km/h

(b)

15.2 m/s

5. (a)

5

ϫ

10

Ϫ

3

g

(b)

5 mg

(c)

5

ϫ

10

3

g

7. (a)

correct

(b)

not correct

(c)

not correct

(d)

correct

(e)

correct

9.

3.13

ϫ

10

8

m

3

11.

5.5 km

13.

80.1 km,25.9°south of west

15.

54.1 m

17.

35.3°

19.

1.2

ϫ

10

2

m

21. (a)

551 newtons,36.1°north of west

(b)

551 newtons,36.1°south of west

23. (a)

9.4 ft

(b)

69°

25. (a)

5.31 km,south

(b)

5.31 km,north

27. (a)

5600 newtons

(b)

along the dashed line

29. (a)

8.6 units

(b)

34.9°north of west

(c)

8.6 units

(d)

34.9°south of west

31. (a)(b)33. (a)

147 km

(b)

47.9 km

35.

222 m,55.8°below the

Ϫ

x

axis

37. (a)

25.0°

(b)

34.8 newtons

39. (a)

322 newtons

(b)

209 newtons

(c)

279 newtons

41.

7.1 m,9.9°north of east

43.

30.2 m,10.2°

45. (a)

2.7 km

(b)

6.0

ϫ

10

1

degrees,north of east

47.

6.88 km,26.9°

49. (a)

178 units

(b)

164 units

51. (a)

64 m

(b)

37°south of east

53. (a)

15.8 m/s

(b)

6.37 m/s

55. (a)

46 paces

(b)

88 paces

B

B

C

B

57. (a)

5.70

ϫ

10

2

newtons

(b)

33.6°south of west

59. (a)

10.4 units

(b)

12.0 units

61. (a)

142 newtons,67°south of east

(b)

142 newtons,67°north of west

63.

288 units due west and 156 units duenorth

CHAPTER 2

1. (a)

12.4 km

(b)

8.8 km,due east

3.

0.80 s

5.

9.1

7.

52 m

9. (a)

2.67

ϫ

10

4

m

(b)

6.74 m/s,due north

11.

2.1 s

13. (a)

4.0 s

(b)

4.0 s

15.

3.19 m/s,due west

17.

30.0 m/s

19.

4.5 m

21. (a)

11.4 s

(b)

44.7 m/s

2

23. (a)

1.7

ϫ

10

2

cm/s

2

(b)

0.15 s

25. (a)

1.5 m/s

2

(b)

1.5 m/s

2

(c)

The car travels 76 m farther than the jogger.

27.

0.74 m/s

29.

39.2 m

31.

0.87 m/s

2

,in the same direction as thevelocity

33. (a)

ϩ

5.26 m/s

(b)

ϩ

233 m

35.

14 s

37.

44.1 m/s

39.

6.12 s

41.

1.7 s

43.

Ϫ

1.5 m/s

2

45.

1.1 s

47.

8.96 m

49.

0.767 m/s

51.

2.0

ϫ

10

1

m

53.

0.40 s

55.

6.0 m below the top of the cliff

57.

1.9 m/s

2

(segment

A

),0 m/s

2

(segment

B

),3.3 m/s

2

(segment

C

)

59.

The answer is in graphical form.

61.

Ϫ

8.3 km/h

2

63. (a)

6.6 s

(b)

5.3 m/s

65.

91.5 m/s

67.

Ϫ

3.1 m/s

2

69.

5

ϫ

10

4

yr

71.

Ϫ

22 m/s

2

73.

7.2

ϫ

10

3

m

75.

10.6 m

77.

11.1 s

79. (a)

13 m/s

(b)

0.93 m/s

2

CHAPTER 3

1.

242 m/s

3.

8600 m

5.

8.8

ϫ

10

2

m

7.

x

ϭ

75.3 km,

y

ϭ

143 km

9.

27.0°

11. (a)

2.99

ϫ

10

4

m/s

(b)

2.69

ϫ

10

4

m/s

13.

14.6 s

15.

5.1 m

17.

1.7 s

19. (a)

6.0

ϫ

10

1

m

(b)

290 m

21. (a)

239 m/s,57.1°with respect to thehorizontal

(b)

239 m/s,57.1°with respect to thehorizontal

23. (a)

85 m

(b)

610 m

25. (a)

1.1 s

(b)

1.3 s

27.

5.2 m

29.

14.1 m/s

31.

33.2 m

33.

11 m/s

35.

14.7 m/s

37.

42°

39.

21.9 m/s,40.0°

41.

0.141°and 89.860°

43.

D

ϭ

850 m and

H

ϭ

31 m

45.

v

0B

ϭ

8.79 m/s and

B

ϭ

81.5°

47. (a)

2.0

ϫ

10

3

s

(b)

1.8

ϫ

10

3

m

49.

4.5 m/s

51. (a)

41 m/s,due east

(b)

41 m/s,due west

53.

6.3 m/s,18°north of east

55.

7.63 m/s,26.4°north of east

57.

5.2 m/s,52°west of south

59.

3.05 m/s,14.8°north of west

61.

5.4 m/s

63. (a)

1.78 s

(b)

20.8 m/s

65.

30.0 m

ANSWERSTO ODD-NUMBERED PROBLEMS

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