Ann Arbor is a city in the U.S. state o Michigan and thecounty seat o Washtenaw County. It is the state’s seventhlargest city with a population o 114,024 as o the 2000Census, o which 36,892 (32%) are university or collegestudents. Te city, which is part o the Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI CSA, is named aer the spouses o the city’sounders and or the stands o trees in the area.Ann Arbor was ounded in January 1824 by John Allenand Elisha Rumsey, both o whom were land specula-tors. On May 25, 1824, the town plot was registered withWayne County as “Annarbour”. Te city became the seato Washtenaw County in 1827, and was incorporated asa village in 1833. Te town became a regional transporta-tion hub in 1839 with the arrival o the Michigan CentralRailroad, and was chartered as a city in 1851. During the1960s and 1970s, the city gained a reputation as a centeror liberal politics. During the 20th century, the economy o Ann Arbor underwent a gradual shi rom a manuac-turing base to a service and technology base, which accel-erated in the 1970s and 1980s. Ann Arbor is home to theUniversity o Michigan, established in 1837. As the dom-inant institution o higher learning in the city and one o the top public universities in the world, the university pro- vides Ann Arbor with a distinct college-town atmosphere.Te university shapes Ann Arbor’s economy signicantly as it employs about 30,000 workers, including about 7,500in the medical center. Te city’s economy is also centeredon high-technology, with several companies drawn to thearea by the university’s research and development mon-ey, and by its graduates. On the other hand, Ann Arborhas increasingly ound itsel grappling with the efects o sharply rising land values and gentrication, as well as ur-ban sprawl stretching ar into the outlying countryside.Many Ann Arbor cultural attractions and events are spon-sored by the University o Michigan. Several perormingarts groups and acilities are on the university’s campus,as are museums dedicated to art, archaeology, and natu-ral history and sciences (see Museums at the University o Michigan). Regional and local perorming arts groupsnot associated with the university include the Ann ArborCivic Teatre; the Arbor Opera Teater; the Ann ArborSymphony Orchestra; the Ann Arbor Ballet Teater; theAnn Arbor Civic Ballet (established in 1954 as Michigan’srst chartered ballet company); and PerormanceNetwork, which operates a downtown theater requently ofering new or nontraditional plays.Te Ann Arbor Hands-On Museum, located in a renovat-ed and expanded historic downtown re station, containsmore than 250 interactive exhibits eaturing science andtechnology. Multiple art galleries exist in the city, nota-bly in the downtown area and around the University o Michigan campus. Aside rom a large restaurant scene inthe Main Street, South State Street, and South University Avenue areas, Ann Arbor ranks rst among U.S. cities inthe number o booksellers and books sold per capita. TeAnn Arbor District Library maintains our branch outletsin addition to its main downtown building; in 2008 a new branch building replaced the branch located in PlymouthMall. Tis new branch is called the raverwood Branch,and opened on June 30, 2008. Te city is also home to theGerald R. Ford Presidential Library.
Ann Arbor, Michigan