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Workbook in Higher Algebra

Workbook in Higher Algebra

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Published by Alayou Yirga

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Published by: Alayou Yirga on Nov 02, 2012
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Workbook in Higher Algebra
David SurowskiDepartment of MathematicsKansas State UniversityManhattan, KS 66506-2602, USAdbski@math.ksu.edu
 
Contents
Acknowledgement iii1 Group Theory 1
1.1 Review of Important Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.2 The Concept of a Group Action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51.3 Sylows Theorem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131.4 Examples: The Linear Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151.5 Automorphism Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171.6 The Symmetric and Alternating Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . 231.7 The Commutator Subgroup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291.8 Free Groups; Generators and Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
2 Field and Galois Theory 43
2.1 Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 432.2 Splitting Fields and Algebraic Closure . . . . . . . . . . . . . 482.3 Galois Extensions and Galois Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512.4 Separability and the Galois Criterion . . . . . . . . . . . . . 562.5 Brief Interlude: the Krull Topology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 622.6 The Fundamental Theorem of Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . 632.7 The Galois Group of a Polynomial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 632.8 The Cyclotomic Polynomials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 672.9 Solvability by Radicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 702.10 The Primitive Element Theorem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
3 Elementary Factorization Theory 73
3.1 Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 733.2 Unique Factorization Domains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 773.3 Noetherian Rings and Principal Ideal Domains . . . . . . . . 83i
 
ii
CONTENTS 
3.4 Principal Ideal Domains and Euclidean Domains . . . . . . . 86
4 Dedekind Domains 89
4.1 A Few Remarks About Module Theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . 894.2 Algebraic Integer Domains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 934.3
O
E
is a Dedekind Domain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 984.4 Factorization Theory in Dedekind Domains . . . . . . . . . . 994.5 The Ideal Class Group of a Dedekind Domain . . . . . . . . . 1024.6 A Characterization of Dedekind Domains . . . . . . . . . . . 103
5 Module Theory 107
5.1 The Basic Homomorphism Theorems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1075.2 Direct Products and Sums of Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1095.3 Modules over a Principal Ideal Domain . . . . . . . . . . . . 1175.4 Calculation of Invariant Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1215.5 Application to a Single Linear Transformation . . . . . . . . . 1255.6 Chain Conditions and Series of Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . 1315.7 The Krull-Schmidt Theorem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1345.8 Injective and Projective Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1375.9 Semisimple Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1445.10 Example: Group Algebras . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
6 Ring Structure Theory 151
6.1 The Jacobson Radical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
7 Tensor Products 156
7.1 Tensor Product as an Abelian Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1567.2 Tensor Product as a Left
-Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1607.3 Tensor Product as an Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1657.4 Tensor, Symmetric and Exterior Algebra . . . . . . . . . . . . 1677.5 The Adjointness Relationship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175
A Zorns Lemma and some Applications 178

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