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Soil Mechanics (Lecture Notes by BEULA ANGEL S.G & A.PONNIAHRAJU)

Soil Mechanics (Lecture Notes by BEULA ANGEL S.G & A.PONNIAHRAJU)

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Published by Rahul Alex
Soil Mechanics
Lecture Notes by BEULA ANGEL S.G & A.PONNIAHRAJU
(C) EINSTEIN COLLEGE OF ENGG | DEPT OF CIVIL ENGG
Soil Mechanics
Lecture Notes by BEULA ANGEL S.G & A.PONNIAHRAJU
(C) EINSTEIN COLLEGE OF ENGG | DEPT OF CIVIL ENGG

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Published by: Rahul Alex on Nov 02, 2012
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SOIL MECHANICS SUBJECT CODE : CE 42EINSTEIN COLLEGE OF ENGG DEPT OF CIVIL ENGG
EINSTEINCOLLEGE OF ENGINEERINGSir.C.V.Raman Nagar, Tirunelveli-12Department of Civil EngineeringCE 42- SOIL MECHANICSLecture notesPrepared byBEULA ANGEL S.G&A.PONNIAHRAJU
 
SOIL MECHANICS SUBJECT CODE : CE 42EINSTEIN COLLEGE OF ENGG DEPT OF CIVIL ENGG
CE 42 SOIL MECHANICSOBJECTIVE
After undergoing this course, the student gains adequate knowledge on engineering properties of soil.
1. INTRODUCTION 10
Nature of Soil - Problems with soil - phase relation - sieve analysis - sedimentation analysis
 – 
 Atterberg limits - classification for engineering purposes - BIS Classification system - Soilcompaction - factors affecting compaction
 – 
field compaction methods and monitoring.
2. SOIL WATER AND WATER FLOW 8
Soil water
 – 
Various forms
 – 
Influence of clay minerals
 – 
Capillary rise
 – 
Suction - Effective stressconcepts in soil
 – 
Total, neutral and effective stress distribution in soil - Permeability
 – 
 
Darcy’s
Law-Permeability measurement in the laboratory
 – 
quick sand condition - Seepage
 – 
Laplace Equation -Introduction to flow nets
 – 
properties and uses - Application to simple problems.
3. STRESS DISTRIBUTION, COMPRESSIBILITY AND SETTLEMENT 10
Stress distribution in soil media
 – 
Boussinesque formula
 – 
stress due to line load and Circularand rectangular loaded area - approximate methods - Use of influence charts
 – 
Westergaardequation for point load - Components of settlement - Immediate and consolidation settlement -Terzaghi's one dimensional consolidation theory
 – 
governing differential equation
 – 
laboratoryconsolidation test
 – 
Field consolidation curve
 – 
NC and OC clays - problems on final and time rate of consolidation
4. SHEAR STRENGTH 9
Shear strength of cohesive and cohesionless soils - Mohr - Coulomb failure theory
 – 
Saturatedsoil - Strength parameters - Measurement of shear strength, direct shear, Triaxial compression, UCCand Vane shear tests
 – 
Types of shear tests based on drainage and their applicability - Drained andundrained behaviour of clay and sand
 – 
Stress path for conventional triaxial test.
5. SLOPE STABILITY 8
Slope failure mechanisms - Modes - Infinite slopes - Finite slopes
 – 
Total and effective stressanalysis - Stability analysis for purely cohesive and C-
soils - Method of slices
 – 
Modified
Bishop’s method
- Friction circle method - stability number
 – 
problems
 – 
Slope protectionmeasures.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODSTEXT BOOKS:
1. Punmia P.C., “Soil Mechanics and Foundations”, Laximi Publications Pvt. Ltd., New
 Delhi, 1995.
2. Gopal Ranjan and Rao A.S.R., “Basic and applied soil mechanics”, New Age
 International Publishers, New Delhi, 2000.
3. Venkatramaiah, C. “Geotechnical Engineering”, New Age International Publishers, New
 Delhi, 1995
4. Khan I.H., “A text book of Geotechnical Engineering”, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi,
 1999.
REFERENCES
1. Coduto, D.P.,
“Geotechnical Engineering Principles and Practices”, Prentice Hall of India
 Private Limited, New Delhi, 2002.
2. McCarthy D.F., “Essentials of Soil Mechanics and Foundations Basic Geotechniques”,
 Sixth Edition, Prentice-Hall, New Jersey, 2002.3. Das, B.M,
“Principles of Geotechnical Engineering”, (fifth edition), Thomas Books/ cole,
 2002
4. Muni Budhu, “Soil Mechanics and Foundations”, John Willey & Sons, Inc, New York,
 2000.
 
SOIL MECHANICS SUBJECT CODE : CE 42EINSTEIN COLLEGE OF ENGG DEPT OF CIVIL ENGG
UNIT-IINTRODUCTION
SOIL AND SOIL ENGINEERING
 
* The term Soil has various meanings, depending upon the general field in which it isbeing considered.
 
*To a Pedologist ... Soil is the substance existing on the earth's surface, which grows anddevelops plant life.
 
*To a Geologist ..... Soil is the material in the relative thin surface zone within whichroots occur, and all the rest of the crust is grouped under the term ROCK irrespectiveof its hardness.
 
*To an Engineer .... Soil is the un-aggregated or un-cemented deposits of mineral and/ororganic particles or fragments covering large portion of the earth's crust.
 
** Soil Mechanics is one of the youngest disciplines of Civil Engineering involving thestudy of soil, its behavior and application as an engineering material.*According to Terzaghi (1948):
"Soil Mechanics is the application of laws of mechanics and hydraulics to engineering problems dealing with sediments and other unconsolidated  accumulations of solid particles produced by the mechanical and chemical disintegration of rocks regardless of whether or not they contain an admixture of organic constituent."
 
* Geotechnical Engineering ..... Is a broader term for Soil Mechanics.
 
* Geotechnical Engineering contains:
 
- Soil Mechanics (Soil Properties and Behavior)- Soil Dynamics (Dynamic Properties of Soils, Earthquake Engineering, MachineFoundation)- Foundation Engineering (Deep & Shallow Foundation)
 
- Pavement Engineering (Flexible & Rigid Pavement)
 
- Rock Mechanics (Rock Stability and Tunneling)
 
- Geosynthetics (Soil Improvement)

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