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The Ukrainian Weekly 2012-45

The Ukrainian Weekly 2012-45

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Published by the Ukrainian National Association Inc., a fraternal non-profit association
$1/$2 in UkraineVol. LXXXNo. 45 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY,
NOVEMBER 4
, 2012
  InsIde 
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Observers’ preliminary reports on Ukraine’s elections – 
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Philadelphia community holds inaugural Ukrainian Fest – 
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Ukrainian American Youth Association’s exchange program – 
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Unclear if Ukraine’s parliamentary elections met international standards
by Zenon Zawada
Special to The Ukrainian Weekly 
KYIV – The outcome of Ukraine’s parlia-mentary elections on October 28 wasdecided as early as last December, whenPresident Viktor Yanukovych signed legis-lation to create a new electoral system inwhich half the candidates are chosen bysingle-mandate districts and the other half by closed party lists.It’s likely that the PresidentialAdministration will recruit enough single-mandate national deputies to form a sup-porting parliamentary coalition.What wasn’t clear was whether the elec-tions would meet international standards,as determined by Western-sponsored elec-tion observing organizations. Indeed theleading authorities, such as theOrganization for Security and Cooperationin Europe (OSCE), declined to offer a pass-fail judgment.Instead, most assess-ments conformed to theOSCE’s reproachful state-ment on October 29,which stated that electionday itself was conductedmore or less in line withdemocratic standards,yet the campaign before-hand and tabulationafterwards fell short.“Considering abuse of power and the excessiverole of money in this election, democraticprogress appears to have reversed inUkraine. This we deeply regret,” WalburgaHabsburg Douglas, the head of the OSCEParliamentary Assembly delegation, said at an October 29 press conference in Kyiv.“Certain aspects of the pre-election peri-od constituted a step backwards comparedwith recent national elections. Voters had achoice between distinct parties, electionday was calm and peaceful overall. Votingand counting were assessed mostly posi-tively. Tabulation was assessed negatively,as it lacked transparency,” she noted.All the major Western institutions,including the U.S. government, echoed theOSCE’s judgment that the elections as awhole were a “step backwards” for Ukrainein its development as a democratic state.Yet these statements were also careful not to say anything that would cause theUkrainian government to close the door onintegration with the European Union.The elections became the latest chapterin an ongoing courtship between EU lead-ers, who are desperate not to let theUkrainian leadership drift into the orbit of the Moscow-led Eurasian Union, and theYanukovych administration, which is des-perate to cling to power after burning most of its political bridges in the last two years.Western institutions did all they coulddo in their current relations with theUkrainian government, said OleksanderPaliy, an authority on Ukrainian foreignpolicy and graduate of the NationalUniversity of Kyiv Mohyla Academy.Moreover, the elections had portions that were salvageable.“There was nothing to criticize in theproportional [closed list] voting, in whichthe Central Election Commission recog-nized the opposition’s victory,” Mr. Paliysaid.“The elections weren’t entirely ruined.There were simply preferences and a dis-honest game played by the government onbehalf of its candidates and parties. But elections as an institution aren’t canceled inUkraine, as they are in Belarus and Russia.They are preserved in Ukraine, where evenpro-government candidates can lose. That’stestimony that Ukraine is not a country likeRussia or Belarus,” he said.Among the positive moments of theelections cited by observing organizationswas the recognition by the Central ElectionCommission (CEC) recognition that thethree pro-Western opposition partiesearned 49.9 percent of the closed list vot-ing, as compared with 43 percent for theruling Party of the Regions of Ukraine andCommunist Party of Ukraine.The CEC also recognized the defeat of pro-government candidates, such as25-year-old Andrii Illyenko of the Svobodanationalist party defeating oligarch HalynaHereha in a Kyiv city district.Yet these were exceptions to the rule inan election campaign in which its candi-dates will be most remembered for theiregregious abuse of government resources
 All the major Western insti-tutions, including the U.S. government, said the parlia-mentary elections as a wholewere “a step backwards” for Ukraine in its development asa democratic state.
OSCE 
KYIV – Ukraine’s parliamentary elec-tions were characterized by a tilted playingfield, international observers concluded ina statement released on October 29. Thiswas the result, primarily, of the abuse of administrative resources, as well as a lackof transparency in campaign and partyfinancing, and of balanced media coverage.Voters had a choice between distinct parties and candidate registration wasinclusive, with two notable exceptions, rep-resenting a wide variety of political views.The political environment, however, wasdominated by powerful economic groups,to the detriment of the electoral process,the statement said.“Considering the abuse of power, andthe excessive role of money in this election,democratic progress appears to havereversed in Ukraine,” said WalburgaHabsburg Douglas, the special cooordina-tor who led the short-term election obser-vation mission fielded by the Organizationfor Security and Cooperation in Europe andthe head of the OSCE ParliamentaryAssembly delegation. “One should not haveto visit a prison to hear from leading politi-cal figures in the country,” she added.
Rada elections marred by lacko level playing feld, say observers
FOR THE RECORD:
U.S. expressesconcern about elections’ conduct
The following press statement on the parliamentary elections in Ukraine wasdelivered on October 29 in Washington by the acting spokesperson for the U.S. StateDepartment, Mark C. Toner.
The United States government isconcerned that the conduct of Sunday’sparliamentary elections constituted astep backwards from progress madeduring previous parliamentary elec-tions and the 2010 presidential elec-tion, elections that had marked impor-tant steps forward for Ukraine’s democ-racy.We share the concerns cited intoday’s preliminary report from obser-vation missions from the Organization forSecurity and Cooperation in Europe’s(OSCE) Office for Democratic Institutionsand Human Rights, the OSCE ParliamentaryAssembly, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, the EuropeanParliament and the NATO ParliamentaryAssembly. These include the use of gov-ernment resources to favor ruling partycandidates, interference with mediaaccess and harassment of opposition
Vitali Klitschko (left) of UDAR and Oleh Tiahnybok of Svoboda. Their parties are thenew political forces elected to Ukraine’s Verkhovna Rada.
(Continued on page 11)(Continued on page 11)(Continued on page 3)
 
No. 45THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 20122
Lytvyn on electoral legislation
KYIV – Verkhovna Rada ChairmanVolodymyr Lytvyn said he believes that Ukraine’s electoral legislation needs to beimproved. He expressed this opinion onOctober 25, during a meeting with the headof Canada’s mission to monitor the parlia-mentary elections in Ukraine, RaynellAndreychuk. Mr. Lytvyn noted that the cur-rent election law is the result of a compro-mise, and he expressed his view that it needs to be improved in terms of increas-ing the level of national deputies’ responsi-bility to the electorate. “The electoral sys-tem should be targeted at one goal: to havea responsible deputy who would feel theneeds of people and the need to servethem,” he said. He said such changes shouldbe considered by the next Parliament. Inturn, Sen. Andreychuk reported that themission includes 400 people and that a rel-evant report would be prepared, as well asrecommendations on improvement of theelectoral process. Both Mr. Lytvyn and Sen.Andreychuk noted the importance of politi-cians taking into account the results of theelections, which are the expression of thepeople’s will, as well as the need for votersto understand that every vote is important.(Ukrinform)
Cabinet will be transformed 
KYIV – The chairman of the parliamen-tary faction of the Party of Regions of Ukraine (PRU), Oleksander Yefremov, onOctober 25 advised against rushing tomake forecasts on the formation of the next government, although there will be chang-es in it. Speaking during a press conferenceat the official press center of the PRU, hesaid, “The fact that the Cabinet will betransformed is indisputable. However, it will be possible to say what kind of a for-mat it will take only after a majority isformed in Parliament.” Mr. Yefremovemphasized that all the questions of rota-tions in the government, and those con-cerning the future Verkhovna Rada chair-man will be solved in the framework of thenext convocation of the Parliament. ThePRU faction leader said the Rada chairmanmust represent his party. Answering aquestion about the forces with which theParty of Regions will cooperate in the next Parliament, Mr. Yefremov said, “We excludethe possibility of cooperation only withparties of extremely radical and nationalis-tic orientation.” (Ukrinform)
Melnychenko detained at Boryspil 
KYIV – Officers with the Security Serviceof Ukraine (SBU) detained former StateGuard Maj. Mykola Melnychenko at Kyiv’sBoryspil International Airport on October24. The SBU press office reported: “OnOctober 24 officers with the SecurityService of Ukraine and the State BorderGuard Service, by order of theShevchenkivsky District Court of Kyiv,detained at the Boryspil InternationalAirport the internationally wanted citizen of Ukraine Mykola Melnychenko.” Mr.Melnychenko is accused of abuse of office,divulging state secrets and creating artificialprosecution evidence. After he wasdetained, Mr. Melnychenko was sent to theMain Administration for Special Cases of theProcurator General’s Office, where he wasquestioned by investigators. It was onNovember 28, 2000, that “Tapegate” flaredup in Ukraine over recordings allegedlymade by Mr. Melnychenko in the office of President Leonid Kuchma. Mr. Melnychenkowas prosecuted and declared wanted onSeptember 23, 2011. The ShevchenkivskyDistrict Court of Kyiv ordered his arrest. OnAugust 3 of this year Mr. Melnychenko wasarrested in Italy on the basis of an Interpolwarrant. On August 14, the Court of Appealof Naples released him from custody. Mr.Melnychenko most recently had been stay-ing in the U.S. (Ukrinform)
One in 10 of Kyiv was ready to sell vote
KYIV – In Kyiv, many more people thanin other parts of Ukraine, said they wereready to vote in the parliamentary elec-tions for a candidate motivating them withmoney: in fact, every 10th resident of Kyivwas ready to vote in return for a bribe.
(Continued on page 12)
 
ANALYSIS 
ADMINISTRATION OF THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY AND SVOBODA
(973) 292-9800, ext. 3041e-mail: admin@ukrweekly.com(973) 292-9800, ext. 3040fax: (973) 644-9510e-mail: adukr@optonline.net(973) 292-9800, ext. 3042e-mail: subscription@ukrweekly.comWalter Honcharyk, administratorWalter Honcharyk, advertising managerMariyka Pendzola, subscriptions
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FOUNDED 1933
An English-language newspaper published by the Ukrainian National Association Inc.,a non-profit association, at 2200 Route 10, P.O. Box 280, Parsippany, NJ 07054.Yearly subscription rate: $65; for UNA members — $55.Periodicals postage paid at Caldwell, NJ 07006 and additional mailing offices.(ISSN — 0273-9348)The Weekly: UNA:Tel: (973) 292-9800; Fax: (973) 644-9510 Tel: (973) 292-9800; Fax: (973) 292-0900
Postmaster, send address changes to:The Ukrainian Weekly
Editor-in-chief: Roma Hadzewycz
2200 Route 10
Editor: Matthew Dubas
P.O. Box 280Parsippany, NJ 07054 e-mail: staff@ukrweekly.comThe Ukrainian Weekly Archive: www.ukrweekly.com
The Ukrainian Weekly, November 4, 2012, No. 45, Vol. LXXX
Copyright
©
 
2012 The Ukrainian Weekly
by Grigory Ioffe
Eurasia Daily Monitor 
To Belarus, Russia is not just the “mean-ingful other.” It provides an existential life-line to Belarus as a de facto custodian of Belarus’s socio-economic model and a cul-tural magnet of sorts. It was only afterRussia dropped the price of natural gassold to Belarus to $165 per 1,000 cubicmeters and provided a critical loan (offi-cially through the Eurasian EconomicCommunity) that Belarus’s financial crisisof 2011 was alleviated.By different accounts, the discounts onoil and gas and preferential treatment of some Belarusian exports to Russia areworth from 10 to 15 percent of Belarus’sGDP. Due to the cancellation of export duties on Russian oil and the ensuing steepgrowth in Belarus’s export of solvents andlubricants, from January to July, Belarusenjoyed a net excess of exports overimports for the first time in seven years.After Russia launched an investigationmotivated by suspicion that Belarus re-exports Russia’s crude oil disguised as sol-vents and thus dodges paying duties to theRussian treasury, Belarus’s exports sud-denly sagged. So in August 2012, imports($3.952 billion) again exceeded exports($3.543 billion) (http://gtk.gov.by/ru/stats/itogi_vnesh_torgovli2012/yanv_avgust12).Nevertheless, independent expertsprobed by the Belarusian Service of RadioLiberty did not overdramatize the situa-tion. According to Dmitry Kruk from theMinsk-based IPM Research Center, thereversal of the positive balance of interna-tional trade is temporary and is part of apolitical and business cycle, while the cur-rent economic situation is far healthierthan that on the eve of the 2011 crisis.According to Alexei Pikulik, the directorof the Minsk-based Belarusian Institute forStrategic Studies, which is funded byWestern sponsors, the Belarusian econom-ic model, emphasizing a high level of socialsubsidies and low income disparity, stillhas some potential if only because thereare still plenty of lucrative assets that Belarus can sell. Also, the export of solventswas not just a Belarusian affair – certainRussian businesses profited from it as well,and there exist many more mutually bene-ficial schemes of that kind that can still beused.At the same time, however, a lastingtrend whereby popular support forPresident Alyaksandr Lukashenka closelycorrelates with the growth of personalincome has been terminated. Since thebeginning of 2012, the U.S. dollar value of the average monthly wage in Belarusincreased by 38 percent, but no commen-surate growth in Mr. Lukashenka’s ratinghas been recorded. Yet, according toYevgenii Preigerman from the Minsk-basedLiberal Club, no street protests are to beexpected in the foreseeable future (http://www.svaboda.org/content/article/24732827.html).Some insights on the aforementionedBelarusian economic model can be gainedfrom an interview Nikolay Snopkov,Belarus’s minister of economics, gave tothe independent news portal Tut.by.According to Snopkov, all economic modelsin today’s world are mixed and contain adose of central planning. Minister Snopkovpays special attention to Singapore’s devel-opment over the course of 30 years andsees it as essentially centrally planned.Moreover, he believes that Belarus’s pres-ent-day economic model takes its guidancefrom the seminal work of Alfred Mueller-Armack (1901-1978) who in 1946 coinedthe term “social market system” and whomade critical contributions to Germany’seconomic model while working as an aideto Ludwig Erhard, Germany’s minister of economics and subsequently FederalChancellor (1963-1966).Mr. Snopkov believes production costs inBelarus can still be significantly lowered.He also announced the introduction of incentives for attracting foreign direct investment (FDI) to Belarus. Specifically,bonuses will be paid to regional adminis-trators amounting to 0.1 percent of thetotal FDI allocated to their regions. Finally,throughout the first seven months of 2012,there were 7 percent more registered smalland medium-sized businesses in Belarusthan during the first seven months of 2011(http://news.tut.by/economics/313827.html).According to Andrei Souzdaltsev, aRussian economist expelled from Belarusin 2006, the opinion that Russia is keenlyinterested in buying up Belarus’s enterpris-es is a figment of the Belarusian opposi-tion’s imagination. Nor is Russia particular-ly interested in Belarus’s exports of dairyproducts, sugar or meat. Belarus receiveshuge Russian subsidies for purely geopolit-ical reasons. In particular, Moscow wants tocontain the further extension of theEuropean Union’s sphere of influence, andthis desire intensified after Russia’s 2008war with Georgia. That the West gained afoothold in the South Caucasus implied toMoscow that Russia was “squeezed out tothe northeastern corner of Eurasia andwould eventually be left one-one-one withChina.” Furthermore, Moscow decided that the western margin of Russia’s own hinter-land should to be given special care.As a result, previous rhetoric about Russia switching to market principles in itsrelations with Belarus (2006-2010)abruptly gave way to even larger subsidiesto Belarus than those administered prior to2006. According to Mr. Souzdaltsev, Russiais interested in the retention of Belarus’ssovereignty as “a buffer between Moscowand NATO” (http://naviny.by/rubrics/poli-tic/2012/10/14/ic_articles_112_179559/).Aside from providing an economic life-line to Belarus, Russia appears to be its cul-tural magnet. According to YuriDrakakhrust, a Belarusian analyst based inPrague, a striking difference between therecent parliamentary elections in Belarusand in Georgia is due to the fact that thesecountries obtained their independence in adifferent way. “Georgia fought for its inde-pendence. We remember sapper shovels[with which the police cracked down onthe 1989 rally in Tbilisi] and thousandsdemonstrating in the streets. As forBelarus, it did not do a thing to win inde-pendence. And so we are now paying forthe fact that independence and democracywere bestowed on Belarusians as freebies.”According to Mr. Drakakhrust, Belarus’sso-called political backwardness goes backto cultural and mental closeness betweenBelarus and its great eastern neighbor. It isas if there is a shared political culture of thethree East Slavic countries – Belarus,Ukraine and Russia – that Mr. Drakakhrust terms a shared “political matrix.” He notes,
Russia is economic lifeline
and cultural magnet for Belarus
(Continued on page 3)
 
3THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 2012No. 45
Whistleblower’s return on eve of elections sparks debate in Ukraine
by Dmytro Shurkhaloand Robert Coalson
RFE/RL
KYIV – For over a year the Ukrainiangovernment has been trying to get itshands on former presidential bodyguardMykola Melnychenko, who is wanted oncharges of revealing state secrets, falsifyingdocuments and abuse of his position.But on October 24, the enigmaticintriguer appeared at Kyiv’s internationalairport, where he was promptly taken intocustody and whisked away.Mr. Melnychenko’s lawyer, MykolaNedilko, who was at the airport when Mr.Melnychenko arrived in Ukraine, was sur-prised by the arrest and coy about his cli-ent’s reasons for returning home.“The goal of his visit, I think, MykolaMelnychenko will announce himself. Iexpected that he would be detained, but not right away,” Mr. Nedilko said. “In the war-rant itself, the court sanctioned the arrest of Mykola Melnychenko and, also, noted that within 48 hours of his arrest, he will bebrought to court for a ruling on whether hewill be kept in custody or released.”There is no simple explanation for what Mr. Melnychenko might have been up to,showing up in Kyiv just days beforeUkraine’s October 28 parliamentary elec-tions. After all, having been granted politi-cal asylum in the United States in 2001, heseemed to be safely beyond Kyiv’s reach. InAugust, he was detained on an Interpolwarrant in Naples, Italy, but released dayslater.
Kuchma tapes
Mr. Melnychenko became a householdname in Ukraine in 2000 when it wasrevealed that he had secretly recorded hun-dreds of hours of conversations in theoffice of President Leonid Kuchma. Amongother things, the profanity-laced tapesseemed to implicate Mr. Kuchma andsenior officials in the 2000 kidnapping andkilling of independent journalist HeorhiiGongadze and in the illegal sale of aKolchuha radar system to Iraqi dictatorSaddam Hussein.Ever since the so-called cassette scandalbroke, Mr. Melnychenko and his tapes havehung over Ukrainian politics like a sword of Damocles. What other voices might emergefrom the past to scuttle political careers inthe present?In April, Mr. Melnychenko claimed tohave met in Paris with Ukrainian officialsand to have handed over to them materialimplicating “a prominent Ukrainian politi-cian” in the Gongadze killing. Media reportslater focused attention on formerParliament Chairman Volodymyr Lytvyn,who was an aide to President Kuchma from1994 until 1999 and head of the presiden-tial administration from November 1999until 2002.In August, Mr. Melnychenko said he hadtapes that implicate former Prime MinisterYulia Tymoshenko in the 1996 killing of Donetsk businessman and Parliament Deputy Yevhen Shcherban. Political observ-ers in Ukraine have speculated that thegovernment of President ViktorYanukovych intends to bring new and moreserious charges against Ms. Tymoshenko –who is already serving a seven-year prisonterm for abuse of office – following thisweekend’s elections.Ms. Tymoshenko’s supporters haverejected Mr. Melnychenko’s accusations,saying he previously offered them compro-mising information about Prime MinisterMykola Azarov in exchange for a high placeon the party list of Ms. Tymoshenko’sBatkivshchyna party.
Why is he in Kyiv?
Hennadii Moskal, vice chairman of theparliamentary Committee on OrganizedCrime and Corruption, told RFE/RL’sUkrainian Service that it would be difficult for the government to use anyMelnychenko tapes in its prosecution of Ms. Tymoshenko.“The Constitutional Court has alreadydefinitely ruled that any recordings that areobtained illegally are compromised andcannot be submitted as evidence in a crimi-nal case,” Mr. Moskal explained.Nonetheless, the government - which isunder heavy pressure from the EuropeanUnion and others to demonstrate that itsprosecution of Ms. Tymoshenko and otherformer officials is not politically motivated -would certainly be interested in hearingwhat Mr. Melnychenko has to say on thismatter. This has prompted speculation that he cut some sort of deal with the authori-ties.
But why then was he arrested?
Parliament Deputy Oleh Liashko, headof the Radical Party, claims Mr.Melnychenko was arrested because hisgirlfriend, Natalia Rozynskaya, a well-known television journalist, is running fora single-mandate seat in Parliament fromthe Radical Party.Mr. Liashko posted on his Facebookpage: “Bandits in power! Know that we arenot afraid of you and we will not be bro-ken.”Other observers are convinced that Mr.Melnychenko is simply too much of a loosecannon for the authorities to risk havinghim at large in the country in the daysbefore the crucial parliamentary vote.
Written by Robert Coalson in Prague,based on reporting by Dmytro Shurkhalo inKyiv.Copyright 2012, RFE/RL Inc. Reprinted with the permission of Radio Free Europe/ Radio Liberty, 1201 Connecticut Ave. NW,Washington DC 20036; www.rferl.org (seehttp://www.rferl.org/content/ukraine-mel-nychenko-return/24750884.html).
 Dnipropetrovsk unveils large Jewish center, Holocaust museum
RFE/RL Ukrainian Service
DNIPROPETROVSK, Ukraine – A largeJewish cultural center with a Holocaust museum has opened in Ukraine’s easterncity of Dnipropetrovsk.The museum, which was scheduled toopen to the public over the weekend of October 20-21, is a complex of seven build-ings arranged in the shape of a menorah,the traditional Jewish candleholder. Namedthe Menorah Center, it houses thousands of artifacts plus a community center, hotel,kosher restaurant and art galleries.The museum occupies almost 3,000square meters in the 50,000-square-meterMenorah Center.The complex hosts an Institute forJewish Culture In Ukraine and a gallery that features photographs of 40 major syna-gogues in Dnipropetrovsk before the Nazioccupation and video footage about theHolocaust.The opening ceremony was attended byJewish leaders from Ukraine, Russia andother former Soviet republics, officialsfrom Israel, and the president of the JewishCommunities of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Levi Levayev.Yuli Edelstein, Israel’s minister of publicdiplomacy and Diaspora affairs, praised thelocal authorities and the Jewish communityfor reviving Jewish heritage and culture inDnipropetrovsk. He expressed hope that thenew Jewish center will serve the local Jewishcommunity, its children and its future.“The real achievement will be when weget here in a year from now, in two yearsfrom now, and we will see this place full of kids, full of different Jewish activities, full of different organizations working here,” Mr.Edelstein said. “I think that this will be thereal answer to what Nazis and Communiststried to do to Jewish communities in the [sic]Ukraine and in the former Soviet Union.”Rabbi Levi Yitzchok Matusof of theBrussels-based European Jewish PublicAffairs group was also present at the cere-mony. He said that Jewish centers inUkraine would help Jewish communities tofully integrate into European society.“When there is a center like such inDnipropetrovsk and also in other places inUkraine where there are striving Jewishcommunities in terms of buildings and spac-es,” he said, “people feel that there is a placewhere they could come, there is someonethey could talk to, there is a meal they couldshare, there is a place where they couldsend their children to learn, to be educatedbetter, to have a proper Jewish life and at thesame time living integrated fully in the soci-ety with a European perspective.”Beth Moskowitz from Boston’s JewishCommunity Relations Council called theJewish center’s opening in Dnipropetrovska revival of Jewish life in the city.“We all thought that there would be noJews here today in 2012,” she said. “And tosee the amount of Jews that actually takepart in the Menorah Center and in the syn-agogue, in the Golden Rose Synagogue, theactivities here – it’s hard to believe. I actual-ly think this is the center for Jewish com-munity and the center for thriving andthere has been an incredible revival.”At least 12,000 Jews from Dnipropet-rovsk were killed by the Nazis in 1941.The Jewish cultural center in Dnipro-petrovsk was initiated and financially sup-ported by local businessmen HenadiyBoholyubov, a banking magnate whose net worth is estimated by Forbes at $2.8 bil-lion, and his partner and fellow billionaireIhor Kolomoyskyy.Some sources put the cost of the build-ing during the time of its construction at $60 million. That figure could not be inde-pendently confirmed.
Reported by RFE/RL Ukrainian Servicecorrespondent Yulia Rastybaska. Written by Charles Recknagel in Prague.Copyright 2012, RFE/RL Inc. Reprinted with the permission of Radio Free Europe/ Radio Liberty, 1201 Connecticut Ave. NW,Washington DC 20036; www.rferl.org (seehttp://www.rferl.org/content/ukraine-jew-ish-cultural-center-dnipropetro-vsk/24742255.html).
“Whenever they [Belarus, Ukraine orRussia] try to create some democraticstructure, they end up with some form of authoritarianism… There are no good andbad peoples. But in some countries, no pre-requisites have matured for consolidateddemocracy” (http://www.svobodanews.ru/content/transcript/24734628.html).To Mr. Drakakhrust, this situation is dueto a deficiency of grassroots self-organiza-tion. If a ditch formed in front of a house,Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusianswould fail to level it collectively; rather they
(Continued from page 2)
Russia is economic
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would appeal to the authorities to fix it.Building a national party from the groundup is much like leveling a ditch. Both effortsrequire mechanisms of self-organizationthat are available in some national commu-nities but are missing elsewhere. As aresult, whereas in Georgia there are severalcenters of power that preclude omnipo-tence of any one of them, in Belarus suchalternative centers are missing (http://www.svobodanews.ru/content/tran-script/24734628.html).
The article above is reprinted fromEurasia Daily Monitor with permission fromits publisher, the Jamestown Foundation,www.jamestown.org.
 
NEWS ANALYSIS
candidates. While election day was peace-ful overall and observed by a large num-ber of domestic and international observ-ers, we are troubled by allegations of fraud and falsification in the voting pro-cess and tabulation, by the disparitybetween preliminary results from theCentral Election Commission and parallelvote tabulations, and by the CentralElection Commission’s decision not torelease precinct results. We also reiterateour deep concern that the politically moti-vated convictions of opposition leaders,including of former Prime Minister [Yulia]Tymoshenko, prevented them from stand-ing in these elections. We again call on thegovernment to put an immediate end tothe selective prosecution of political oppo-nents.The United States will continue to sup-port the Ukrainian people’s aspirations foran independent, prosperous and democrat-ic Ukraine. We regret that flawed parlia-mentary elections do not advance Ukrainetoward this goal, but we remain committedto working with Ukraine to improve demo-cratic institutions, strengthen the rule of law and advance essential economicreforms.
(Continued from page 1)
U.S. expresses
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