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F.Sc Part 2nd English Prose Book (Balochistan Board Quetta) by Sajid Ali Baloch Gichki

F.Sc Part 2nd English Prose Book (Balochistan Board Quetta) by Sajid Ali Baloch Gichki

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Published by: Sajid Ali Baloch Gichki on Nov 03, 2012
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attitude to life. In the olden times, the people were much superstitious. There
 
was a good place ofsatanic and angelic spirits in the life of human beings. They were afraid of black cats, broken mirrorsand number thirteen. Signs of good and bad luck had a great influence over the life of man. But nowthe scientific method has overcome all such fake beliefs. Now people believe on facts and they havelearned to face the realities of life. Now they have become more open minded. They are prepared toaccept the new truth as against the old beliefs.
3- Why Boys Fail in College (Herbert E. Hawkes)
Introduction: 
The writer of this essay Herbert E. Hawkes is an educationist. In this short essay, hediscusses some common causes of the failure of college students. In his opinion, there several reasonswhich are responsible for the mass failure of the students at college level.
 Reasons of Failure: 
He tells us about two main classes of boys who fail in college. First thosestudents who seriously try to get through the examination but fail. Secondly, those students who makeno effort to achieve success;
Nervous Habits: 
In the first category those boys are placed who join college to work seriously but theysuffer from nervous habits and cannot concentrate on studies. They open the book but think thatbefore starting work they should mend the pencil or clear their smoke pipes etc. In writer’s opinionnobody can help or mend such students but the boy himself.
 Wrong Field of Study: 
There is another kind of students who do not try in fact they are put on thewrong track by the mistaken ambition from them on the part of their parents. The parent choose awrong career for his sons interest, the boy may like to be a businessman or a theatrical managerwhile his parents advise him to become a doctor or engineer. Such students can be saved from failureif they are supported by the college teacher and advised to take up more suitable subjects accordingto their interest. They are those intelligent students who depend more upon their ability and less uponhard work.
Lack of Hard work: 
In the context of the boys who fail at college level, the writer noticed those highlyintelligent boys, who had been going through their school without much effort. They never learn whatreal application of studies and hard work is. Consequently, they think that they will pass as easily asthey did in school. In the author’s opinion, such a boy of high intellect is the most pitiable. The cureof this type of student means a total change in his attitude of mind and habits. The core hurdle canbe pointed out to such a student but the student himself can bring change in his attitude.
 Physical Health: 
Another group of boys who fail in college is of those boys who have some hiddenphysical or mental disorder. The case studies of failing boys tell that a number of students fail incollege because of their bad physical and mental health. A sick boy cannot study properly. Diseaseslike bad tonsils, bad digestion, mental and nervous troubles etc often stand in the way of the studiesof a boy. Ignorance of the ailment or the parent’s objection to their sons being operated upon forsome disease is often proving the great obstructions in his educational progress. The parents, teachersand college doctor should all cooperate for the improvement of the student.
 Financial Pressure: 
Many intelligent students anxious to study hard are unable to continue their studiesbecause of financial problems. Some parents think that the students should earn all his expenses ofcollege. This is an unjust attitude of parents towards their child and must be discouraged because theconsequences of this behavior are grave. This affects their studies badly as they cannot give propertime and attention to their college work. Their health gets spoilt. Sometimes they have to leave thestudies incomplete for want of funds. It is a moral duty of parents to provide enough money to theirsons for studies. Learning with earning is very difficult and very few boys can pull through it. As faras college funding is concerned, it is possible in case of extreme cases of handicapped or poor boys.
 Extra Curricular Activities: 
There is another type of students who do not take up studies seriously andare much interested in sports, games and extra curricular activities. Although these things should ha
 
vedue share in college life, but if this is the only purpose of going to college, the student should betterstay outside. Consequently, their concentration is diverted and they could not perform in their studies.In the writer’s opinion, if such boys are too much interested in sports. They must leave college andbecome professionals.
 Lazy Bluffers: 
Similarly there are students who go college aimlessly. They are the idlers (lazy bluffers)who want to deceive their parents, teachers and other. They fail in examination just because they donot take the things seriously & because they have no interest in life. Such boys must not be allowedto stay in college because they make disturbance in college atmosphere by their useless habits. Theyshould be made to go back into heartless world where they will come to know their real worth.
Conclusion: 
In the end the writer says that beside parents and teachers the college dean is alsoresponsible for the welfare of the students put under his care. It is his duty to help his students tohave a balanced view of life and things. Overall, the writer suggests that students must be supportedand must be guided during their studies so that mass failure at college level can be avoided.
 
4- End of Term (David Datches)
Introduction: 
 
In this short story, David Datches brings forward the memories of his Childhood, when hewas a school going boy. The writer presented his feelings for school-life & his attitude towardsweekends and the end of term. In the beginning of the lesson, the phrase, "Friday Thank God"expresses that the routine of school was a burden for him due to daily hard work, competition andearly rising from the bed.
 
Waking up in the Morning: 
 
The writer says that when he was in school, waking up
 
early in themorning was a dismal experience for him. He never had any opportunity to have an extra sleep. Everyday, his maid used to awaken him, his brother (Lionel) and sister (Sylvia). He felt her wakingvoice too ominous. The writer says that despite such a feeling every morning, he never found hisschool bad or unpleasant. He tells us that for whole his school life, he had the same sensation,which ended when he entered in university.
 
Feelings during Week and at Weekends: 
 
The writer says that during the school life, he always waitedfor weekends and holidays with great eagerness. While telling his feelings, the author tells us that oneThursday morning; he woke up with a feeling of weekend. Friday morning had a special flavor of twoholidays ahead. Even the last period of a Friday had a happy flavor for him, as it was the end of aweek. Friday night was the best night of a week, with two solid holidays ahead (weekly holidays ofSaturday and Sunday). Saturday night was the night of peace for him because a whole day was stillto come but the Sunday night was full of threat of the Monday morning, beginning of a new schoolweek. The author tells that sometimes they got unexpected respites or half-day school due to afootball match or because of some crisis celebrations. All these breaks were a blessing for the writer.However, for him, the real enjoyment was the Christmas and Easter holidays and summer vacations.
 
Christmas and Easter Holidays: 
 
David Daiches tells that at Easter and Christmas, they were given threeweeks holidays. Unfortunately, these holidays were reduced to two weeks, and which were furtherreduced to ten days. Therefore, the writer says that the real holidays were the two months summervacations, which were given to them on the end of academic year.
 
Summer Vacations: 
 
In the summer vacations, the writer had a free life, an ideal routine of no school,no early wake up calls and no burden of schoolwork. During the vacations, he used to walk inmeadows in his sports cloths, which gave him a pleasant feeling. It was unbelievable for him that thehard school-term ahead ended and the holidays, he dreamt of, are at hand. The vacations appearedto him very pleasing to be truly before him.
 
Desires of Childhood: 
 
The writer puts that as a child he had many desires which remained unfulfilled.He wanted to buy a tricycle throughout his school days but he could not get it because his parentscould not afford it. He bought his first bicycle by the prize money, which he got at the EdinburghUniversity at the age of 21. During the summer vacations, he used to stand outside sweetshops andwished to get a penny to buy some sweets but it never come true. Sometimes he used to stand onout-skirt of a crowd around an ice-cream barrow with a hope that the ice-cream man wouldmiraculously give him a comet or slider but it never happened. In fact, all his pocket money was tobe put in money box and saved so he had nothing on spend on him. The writer tells that all thesummer vacations had passed away in the same manner & once more, they were waiting with theirsuitcases for a taxi to go to railway Station.
 
5- On Destroying Books (J.C. Squaire)
Introduction: 
In this short essay, the writer tells his experience of destroying his useless old books in avery funny manner. He also expresses his view that it is very difficult to get rid of old books for aneducated gentleman. The writer holds the view that it is a public duty to destroy rubbish volumesbecause it provides space for new useful books. The writer tells that once it was announced in thenewspapers that public might send their useless books to the troops. People sent more than twomillion books but most of them were magazines useless volumes of almanacs, etc. Very few wereuseful editions of books. Perhaps, some people wanted to get rid of these worthless books so theymade use of the opportunity of donating them.
 
Writer’s Personal Experience: 
The writer tells his personal experience of destroying books. He says thatthe best way of getting rid of useless book is to destroy them. But it is not always easy to destroythem while he was living in a small flat in Chelsea. He tells that with time, books of minor qualitygathered in his small house that he felt bound to dispose them. However, how? It was the questionfor him because they were great in number and he could not burn them up In his kitchen or smallfire of study. Therefore, he decided to throw them out in the river near his flat. On one cold winternight, he filled a sack with his books and went out to the bridge to throw them. It was very coldoutside and few people were moving about. He put the bag on his shoulder & went to bridge of theriver.
Way to River: 
On his way, a police constable passed him by who saw him suspiciously. Countlessfears of accusing of theft or murder arose in his mind. He walked more rapidly to avoid the constablebut the constable ignored him & the writer felt relaxed at being saved of doubts. Then the writercontinued his journey to the bridge & no body questioned him about his bag. At last, he reached theembankment of the bridge & thought to throw the bag into the river when he heard a measuredfootstep. The writer got frightened & resumed his walk not to be suspected as murderer, who hadgone there to throw a dead body. Now he realized that if he threw his books they would make noise& any one might rush at him & catch him.
 Final Moments: 
When the author saw that nobody watching him he gathered courage and finally threwthe bag into the river. Sound of a big splash broke the quietness but nobody paid any attention orcame around. Once again, there was a complete silence and nothing happened. The writer got rid ofthe load of those books. On his way back to home, he had a heavy heart. He felt sorry for beingharsh with those books but he had to do it simply because he wanted to create space for newbooks.
 
6- The Man Who Was A Hospital (Jerome K. Jerome)
Introduction: 
 
"The man who was a hospital" is a humorous story in which the writer has given us themessage that we should not interfere in those things, which we cannot understand. The writer tells thathe never studies medicine advertisements because he always gets the signs of that disease. Once heread a liver-pill circulation & found that, he had all the signs of the disease & his liver was out oforder.
 
Personal Experience (The book on the treatment of diseases)
 
The author felt a slight
 
touch of hayfever. So he went to the British Museum Library to consult the book on the treatment of diseases forits cure. He took out the medicine book and went through the particular disease. Then veryunconsciously, he turned over the pages and studied other diseases. He found that he had thesymptoms of other diseases as well. It made him interested in his case and he started studying themedicine book in alphabetical order.
 
The Book of Pharmacology: 
 
As he proceeded in his study, he found that he had got all the diseasefound in the medicine book except housemaid-knees. He concluded that he would not live long and heis dying soon. The writer considered him a unique patient for the students of medicine. He was of theidea that if students of medical had him, they need not to go to a hospital for practice because hehad all the diseases found in pharmacology. He was a hospital in himself.
 
Self Medical. Checkup: 
 
He was surrounded deep with very sad thoughts after reading the book ondiseases. He tried to examine himself by checking his pulse and heart. It beat at the rate of 147 aminute. He felt as if his heart had ceased beating. Then he examined his tongue and concluded thathe had caught scarlet fever. This entire situation seems to be funny and full of exaggerating. He wentinto the study room of the museum as a happy and healthy man and came out as a broken fellow.He felt regret that he had not got the one disease, Housemaid’s Knees". He decided to go to hisdoctor, who was also his friend.
 
His visit to the doctor: 
 
He then went to the doctor and expressed his sorrow that he had not gothousemaid’s knees. He expected the doctor to have a thorough examination because he consideredhim an extraordinary patient, a patient equal to l7OO patients. In spite of any special treatment, thedoctor asked him how he had discovered all that! The writer told the whole story. The doctor thenchecked him thoroughly and gave him a prescription. He knew that his friend’s case was only basedupon his superstitious nature.
 
Visit to the Chemist: 
 
The writer went to a chemist for medicine but the chemist returned him theprescription and told that there was no drug mentioned in that. The writer then read the prescriptionhimself and found that there were direction of his doctor to walk and exercise, take full sleep, goodfood and a suggestion not to think about things he could not understand. The author acted upon theadvice of the doctor and as a result of this, he was once again very happy and healthy with a shortperiod. So all the fears of the author were removed and he is still living fresh and fine.
7- My Financial Career (Stephen Leacock)
Introduction: 
 
In this short funny story, the writer tells his personal experience of opening a savingaccount with a bank. The writer was simple person by nature. He tells us in a very humorous waythat he has always been afraid of a bank. Once his salary had been raised to fifty dollars a month.He decided to keep his spare money in a bank. So he went to a bank with the amount of 56dollars. The writer had never gone to a bank before; therefore, he considered it necessary to meetmanager to open an account but when he entered the bank, he felt uneasy and looked like an idiot.
 
Incidents in the Bank: 
 
When he went into the bank, he got confused to see the building, furniture anddifferent windows in the bank. He met the accountant "Mr. Montgomery" and told him that he wantedto see the manager "alone". The accountant thought him that he had gone there for a very importantbusiness. He, therefore, went away and brought the manager with him. The writer met the managertoo suspiciously and requested him to meet alone. As a result, the manager took him to his privateroom and considered him a detective or a very rich person who intend to open a big account. He

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