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Cellular Transport

Cellular Transport

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Published by chris

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Published by: chris on Jan 23, 2009
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06/16/2009

 
Cellular TransportA. Membrane Transport1. The plasma membrane is both a ________________ and a ______________ between the ICF and the ECF and is said to be ____________________  ______________________.a. Moving substances in and out of the cell can be either _____________ or ____________ and as _______________________ or not.2. Passive transport are those that do not require ________________ (ATP).a. ___________________ is the process of particles being driven through aselectively permeable membrane by ___________________ pressure.i. ___________________ pressure is the force exerted on a surfaceby ___________.ii. The weight of the water drives water and dissolved matterthrough the ____________.aa. This is the primary means of transferring solutes fromthe ___________________ into the ________________.b. _______________________ is the net movement of particles from higherto lower _____________________ or down a ___________________  ___________________.iii. Diffusion rates are determined by a number of factorsincluding:aa. __________________: _____________ energy of particles isincreased with higher temperature.bb. __________________________: The _______________ amolecule the __________________ its movement and theslower its diffusion.cc. __________________ ___________________: The greater thedifference the concentration between two points,the ____________ the rates of diffusion.dd. _________________________________: the __________________ the surface area of a cell, the greater ______________ available for ______________________.ee. ______________________ _____________________: Diffusionacross a _____________________ requires that thesolute can _______ through the _________________________.
 
iv.____________________ is the diffusion of ________________ downits ____________________ ______________________.aa. Water can diffuse across almost any ______________________ protein, but a channel proteinspecific for the diffusion of water is called an ______________________.3. Osmolarity and Tonicitya. An _________________is 1 mole of dissolved particles. Any particlethat does not ________________ in water will have ________________ equal to 1 osmole.b. ______________________ is the number of osmoles per liter of solution(________) while ________________________ is the number of osmolesper kilogram of water (_________).i. These two terms can be used interchangeably because of thehigh water content in the human body, but most useosmolarity.ii. The normal osmolarity of most body fluids is _________________.aa. Because cell membranes are ____________________ towater, water _________________________ throughoutthe body making the concentration of water in allbody fluids _________________________.c. _____________________ is the ability of a solution to affect the _________________ and ___________________ in a cell.i. An __________________ solution has the same concentration of  ________________________ solutes compared to the _________.ii. A _________________________ solution has a _____________ concentration of nonpermeating solutes than the __________.aa. Placing cells in a hypotonic solution will cause cells to _________and ______________.iii. A _____________________ solution has a _________________ concentration of nonpermeating solutes than the ICF.aa. Placing cells in a hypertonic solution will cause cells toundergo __________________ (shrivel).4. _________________-mediated transport requires a transport protein with _______________ for a ligand.
 
a. A __________________ carries only one solute in one direction. (uni: _______; port: _________________).b. A ____________________ carries two or more solutes through amembrane simultaneously in the ___________direction.c. An _______________ carries two or more solutes through a membranein _______________ directions.5. _____________________ diffusion is the carrier-mediated transport of a solutethrough a membrane _______________ its concentration gradient.6. ___________________ transport is the carrier-mediated transport of a solute ______________ its concentration gradient.a. This type of transport requires the use of ______________ in the formof _______.i. The most common example of active transport in the body isthe ___________-________________ (Na
+
-K 
+
) ___________ pump that can use ~_____% of energy in the body.B. ________________ Transport is the movement of large particles, droplets of fluid, ormany molecules at the same time within a _____________.1. Vesicular transport into the cell is called ________________, and transport outof the cell is called ______________________.a. endo: _________; exo: __________; cyto: ___________; osis: __________________.b. There are three forms of endocytosis:i. __________________ is the process of engulfing a particle (phago: _____________).ii. _____________________is the process of taking in droplets of  __________ along with any molecules dissolved in the ECF.iii. __________________-mediated endocytosis requires a group of specific receptors on the _______________ _________________ that cluster together and form a depression in the plasmamembrane that pinches off and forms a __________________ in the cytoplasm.c. _____________________ is the process of removing particles from thecell through vesicles.i. Exocytosis ___________ a vesicle with the _______________________.

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