Int. J. Adv. Res. Sci. Technol. Volume 1, Issue1, Oct-2012, pp 35-44.
Jagadish Chandra Pati , Jayanta Kumar Sahu
Page | 35
International Journal of Advanced Research
in Science and Technology
journal homepage: www.ijarst.com
ISSN 2319 – 1783
Harmonic Analysis by Using Various PWM Techniques and Their Comparison
Jagadish Chandra Pati , Jayanta Kumar Sahu
C V Raman College of Engineering, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India.
*Corresponding Author’s Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
A R T I C L E I N F O
A B S T R A C T
Received 16 August 2012Accepted 28 Sept. 2012Available online 01 October 2012There are a several PWM techniques which are being employed for diverse applications, a few of them being sinusoidal, square wave, trapezoidal, stair-case, delta, delta-sigma, space vector,harmonic injection, third harmonic PWM techniques. The project deals with the comparison of harmonic analyses performed by some of the PWM techniques using FFT tool of simulink inMATLAB, undertaking a few of them, thereby inferring that which technique is the best one amongthem.
2012 International Journal of Advanced Research in Science and Technology (IJARST). All rights reserved.
PWM techniquesTotal Harmonic ReductionUninterruptible Power SupplyVoltage Source Inverters
Introduction: PWM Technique:
Pulse Width Modulation is a powerful technique for controllinganalog circuits with a power sent to a load. PWM is a way of digitally encoding analog signal levels.
Duty cycle is defined as the ratio of (t
/T), where T is the periodin seconds.
There are a several PWM techniques which are being employedfor diverse applications, a few of them being sinusoidal, squarewave, trapezoidal, stair-case, delta, delta-sigma, space vector,harmonic injection, third harmonic PWM techniques.
PWM techniques aim at providing better controllable outputvoltage along with reduction of harmonics.
The project deals with the comparison of harmonic analysesperformed by some of the PWM techniques using FFT tool of simulink in MATLAB, undertaking a few of them, therebyinferring that which technique is the best one among them.
The world literature reports that Pulse WidthModulation (PWM) techniques are being used in varied applicationsfor their innumerable advantages over the conventional methods of controlling the output voltage. However, the various PWM techniquesdiffer from each other in the Total Harmonic Reduction (THD) contentand this harmonic analysis is one of the major considerations forascertaining about a better one among them, so as to exploit it indiverse applications. The literature pertaining to the various PWMtechniques, their harmonic analysis and their applications arepresented under the following headings:
A Loss Minimised Sinusoidal PWM Inverter:
It was reported by Prof. J.T. Boys and S.J. Walton (1985) thattraditional PWM AC motor drives perform well over a widespeed range and have many positive features associated with theirsimplicity. However, the waveforms used are significantly lessthan ideal at high modulation depths and low switching rates,particularly with regard to harmonically induced motor losses.
An improved strategy for digitally producing PWM based onconventional triangulation methods is presented. A noveltechnique for reducing the harmonic losses resulting fromsinusoidal PWM waveforms is analyzed in depth and realized ona 40 kVA inverter. Tests with this inverter on 7.5 kW and 15 kWmotors confirm that the inverter's performance is significantlyenhanced for certain operating conditions, without any significantsacrifice.
The paper shows that with the addition of a third harmoniccomponent to the PWM modulating waveform, it is possible tominimise the losses in a PWM inverter drive.
Theoretical savings of up to 30% of the distortion induced motorlosses can be gained by adding a third harmonic component to themodulating sinusoid of conventional sine wave PWM inverters.An improvement of this magnitude represents the greater part of the maximum attainable loss reduction for this number of pulsesper cycle of the fundamental. The optimum amount of addeddistortion is almost a constant 28% of the fundamental regardlessof other modulation parameters.
Introduction of the Harmonic Distortion Determining Factor andIts Application to Evaluating Real Time PWM Inverters:
Shoji Fukuda and Yoshitaka Iwaji (1995) reported that frequencyspectra of inverter output currents are one of the important factorsin order to evaluate PWM methods.