tance and pardon; for, it is one of the attrib-utes of God that He accepts the repentanceof a penitent person, and throws into abey-ance the prophecy foretelling for him adreadful doom.
Umar bin Abdul Aziz
of the First Century of
, October 2012)
There are a few rulers in the world who have left indelible impressions in history. Caliph Umar ibnAbdul Aziz tops that list. He is considered one of the finest rulers in Muslim history, second only tothe four rightly guided caliphs
Hazrats Abu Bakr,Umar, Uthman and Ali, Allah be pleased with themall. In fact, in some circles, he is affectionately re-ferred to as the fifth and the last caliph of Islamand it is also confirmed from all the lists publishedthat he was the First Mujaddid in Islam.The Roman emperor, when he heard about his
death, said: “A virtuous person has passed away …
I am hardly surprised to see an ascetic who re-nounced the world and give himself to the prayersof Allah. But I am certainly surprised at a personwork is certainly accomplished and fulfilled. The
Quranic verse saying “Pray to Me, and I will accept your prayer” also points to the same thing. And yet
one has to wonder why it should be that when allpeople
despite having faith in the doctrine of pre-destination
betake themselves to doctors andphysicians when taken ill, they do not, going by theexample of medical treatment, appreciate and ac-cept the efficacy of prayer.2. Just ponder over these verses:a.
“Surely he who keeps his duty and is patient –
Allah never wastes the reward of the doers
of good.” (12:90) This prophecy is of a gen-
eral nature, subject to the conditions of ob-
servance of one’s duty to Allah and patience.
“Why should Allah chastise you if you aregrateful and believe?” (4:147) It has been
stated in this prophecy that the approachingdoom can be averted by gratefulness andbelief.c.
“Then as to those who disbelieve, I shall
chastise them with severe chastisement inthis world and the Hereafter, and they willhave no helpers. And as to those who believeand do good deeds, He will pay them fullytheir rewards. And Allah loves not the un-
56) In these verses, too, it hasbeen clearly pointed out that belief is thecondition that can prevent and impede thecoming of chastisement.d.
“But if they give thee (the Prophet) the lie,
then say: Your Lord is the Lord of all-encompassing mercy; and His punishment cannot be averted from the guilty peo-
ple.” (6:148) This prophecy, again, is limited
by condition. If the opponents should be-lieve, they will, of course, get a share of thevast, all-encompassing mercy of Allah; but if they should persist in their denial, then thepunishment of God is such that it cannot beaverted by any trick or stratagem. There are,likewise, in the Holy Quran conditionalprophecies mentioned here and there, in thehistories of the prophets; and to deny themis, in fact, to deny Islam. Rather it seemsfrom the story of Prophet Jonah that a por-tentous prophecy, even though uninvestedwith a condition, can be averted by repen-
The Holy Ka‘ba