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The Sanford Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy 2010

The Sanford Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy 2010

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Published by Nguyen An

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Published by: Nguyen An on Nov 03, 2012
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01/26/2013

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—TABLE OF CONTENTS—ABBREVIATIONS
.................................................................................................................................................. 2
 
TABLE 1A
 
Clinical Approach to
Initial Choice
of Antimicrobial Therapy........................................................ 4
 
TABLE 2
 
Recommended Antimicrobial Agents Against
Selected Bacteria
.............................................. 62
 
TABLE 3
 
Suggested
Duration
of Antibiotic Therapy in Immunocompetent Patients.................................. 65
 
TABLE 4
 
Comparison of Antibacterial Spectra ............................................................................................ 66
 
TABLE 5
 
Treatment Options for Selected
Highly Resistant Bacteria
....................................................... 72
 
TABLE 6
 
Suggested Management of Suspected or Culture-Positive
Community-AssociatedMethicillin-Resistant S. Aureus (CA-MRSA) Infections
........................................................ 74
 
TABLE 7
 
Methods for
Drug Desensitization
.............................................................................................. 76
 
TABLE 8
 
Risk Categories
of Antimicrobics in
Pregnancy
........................................................................ 77
 
TABLE 9A
 
Selected
Pharmacologic Features
of Antimicrobial Agents...................................................... 78
 
9B
 
Pharmacodynamics of Antibacterials
...................................................................................... 83
 
TABLE 10A
 
Selected Antibacterial Agents—
Adverse Reactions
—Overview................................................ 84
 
10B
 
 Antimicrobial Agents Associated with
Photosensitivity
.............................................................. 88
 
10C
 
Antibiotic
 
Dosage and Side-Effects
......................................................................................... 89
 
10D
 
Aminoglycoside Once-Daily and Multiple Daily Dosing Regimens
..................................... 97
 
TABLE 11A
 
Treatment of Fungal Infections
—Antimicrobial Agents of Choice ........................................... 98
 
11B
 
Antifungal Drugs:
Dosage, Adverse Effects, Comments......................................................... 112
 
11C
 
 At A Glance
Summary of Suggested Antifungal Drugs AgainstTreatable Pathogenic Fungi
.................................................................................................... 115
 
TABLE 12A
 
Treatment of
Mycobacterial Infections
.................................................................................... 116
 
12B
 
Dosage
and Adverse Effects of Antimycobacterial Drugs......................................................... 126
 
TABLE 13A
 
Treatment of
Parasitic Infections
............................................................................................. 129
 
13B
 
Dosage
and Selected Adverse Effects of Antiparasitic Drugs................................................... 139
 
13C
 
Parasites that Cause
Eosinophilia (Eosinophilia In Travelers)
............................................. 142
 
TABLE 14A
 
Antiviral Therapy
(Non-HIV)...................................................................................................... 143
 
14B
 
Antiviral Drugs
(Non-HIV) ......................................................................................................... 155
 
14C
 
 At A Glance
Summary of Suggested
 
Antiviral AgentsAgainst Treatable Pathogenic Viruses
.................................................................................. 160
 
14D
 
Antiretroviral Therapy in Treatment-Naïve Adults
(HIV/AIDS)............................................. 161
 
14E
 
Antiretroviral Drugs
and Adverse Effects (HIV/AIDS)............................................................... 171
 
TABLE 15A
 
Antimicrobial Prophylaxis
for Selected Bacterial Infections.................................................... 174
 
15B
 
Surgical Antibiotic Prophylaxis
.............................................................................................. 175
 
15C
 
 Antimicrobial Prophylaxis for the Prevention of
Bacterial Endocarditis
in Patients withUnderlying Cardiac Conditions ................................................................................................... 179
 
15D
 
Management of
Exposure to HIV-1 and Hepatitis B and C
................................................... 180
 
15E
 
Prevention of Opportunistic Infection in Human Stem Cell
Transplantation
(HSCT)or Solid Organ Transplantation (SOT) for Adults with Normal Renal Function ........................... 183
 
TABLE 16
 
Pediatric Dosages
of Selected Antibacterial Agents................................................................ 185
 
TABLE 17A
 
Dosages of Antimicrobial Drugs in Adult Patients with
Renal Impairment
............................... 186
 
17B
 
No Dosage Adjustment
with Renal Insufficiency by Category................................................. 194
 
TABLE 18
 
 Antimicrobials and
Hepatic Disease:
Dosage Adjustment....................................................... 194
 
TABLE 19
 
Treatment of
CAPD Peritonitis
in Adults................................................................................... 194
 
TABLE 20A
 
Recommended Childhood and Adolescent
Immunization Schedule
in The United States.... 195
 
20B
 
Adult Immunization
In The United States................................................................................. 196
 
20C
 
 Anti-
Tetanus
Prophylaxis, Wound Classification, Immunization ................................................ 198
 
20D
 
Rabies Post-Exposure Prophylaxis
........................................................................................ 199
 
TABLE 21
 
Selected
Directory of Resources
............................................................................................. 200
 
TABLE 22A
 
 Anti-Infective
Drug-Drug Interactions
....................................................................................... 201
 
22B
 
Drug-Drug Interactions Between
Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors(NNRTIS) and Protease Inhibitors
......................................................................................... 208
 
TABLE 23
 
List of
Generic
and
Common
Trade Names............................................................................. 209
 
INDEX OF MAJOR ENTITIES
.......................................................................................................................... 211
 
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