Rhetorical Modes (Modes of Discourse)
modes of discourse
) refer to the variety, conventions andpurposes of the major kinds of writing.RhetoricalModesPurpose Audience Content Style Voice OrganizationDescriptionThe purposeof descriptionis to re-create,invent, orvisuallypresent aperson, place,event, oraction so thatthe reader canpicture thatwhich is beingdescribed.
enablesthe reader toshare thewriter'ssensoryexperience of the subject.The audiencedepends onthe purposeof the essay.Audiencescan includechildren,adults, thelay man, ect.The audienceis one whowill create amentalpicture of what is beingdescribed orwrittenabout.When you aredescribingsomething shouldappeal to all thefive senses of thereader (smell,touch, taste, sightand hearing).
Sensuous orSensory details
You don’t just
want to give thema visual image;you also want todescribe sounds,smells, sensationsand tastes. Thisway the readerwill be able tobuild up a muchfuller picture of what is going on.Descriptivewriting relies onyour ability toshow and not tell.This means that
you don’t tell
people whathappened youdescribe to thereader whathappened. Forexample: Instead
of writing “theman was drunk”
you could say,
himself againstArtistic Type:all theaffectivefactors shouldbe associatedwith thesenses andshould beexploited.Also, thereshould beexplicit use of adjectives thatappeals to thesenses anddescriptivesequences.Differentvoice typescan be usedbut thesevoice typesare displayedusingdescriptivelanguage. E.g.includehappy, sad,mysteriousect. Whatevervoice used itmust appeal tothe readerssenses i.e.(sight, touch,smell, hearingand taste)Spatial:
detailsarepresented asthey are (orwere) locatedin space--suchas, from leftto right orfrom top tobottom.Described andmoving to thenext part andthe next partand so on. Forinstance, apaperdescribing acar might startwith the frontend, thenmove to theengine andhood, thedash, and thefront and back seat areas,then finishwith the trunk and rearbumper.Depending onthe topic -description of a place,building,person, etc. -arrange thedetails of your