National system overview on education systems in Europe and ongoing reforms1/8
National system overview on education systemsin Europe and ongoing reforms
1. Education population and language of instruction
In 2009, the number of people aged 29 or less was 24 587 432 (30.1 % of the population), andthere were 7 827 317 young people in full-time compulsory education. As a rule, the language of instruction is German.
2. Administrative control and extent of public-sector fundededucation
In 2009, 92.1 % of the pupils in general education attended public sector schools, and theremaining 7.9 % attended privately-maintained schools. In vocational education, 91.3 % of thepupils attended public sector schools, 8.7 % attended privately-maintained schools. Themaintaining bodies of privately-maintained schools receive some financial support from the
,in various forms. All of the
guarantee standard financial support to schools entitled to suchassistance; this includes contributions to the standard staff and material costs. The share of publicfunding in the overall financing of privately-maintained schools varies between the
, and alsodepends on the type of school.Under the Basic Law (
), privately-maintained schools are under the supervision of thestate. When establishing a privately-maintained school, general legal requirements must beobserved first of all, for instance with regard to building and fire safety regulations, health protectionand protection of children and young people. The personal suitability of maintaining bodies,managers and teachers has to be vouched for. The national educational standards(
) apply to both public sector schools and private schools.In the Federal Republic of Germany, responsibility for the education system is conditioned by thefederal structure of the State. According to the Basic Law (
), educational legislationand administration are primarily the responsibility of the
(in a system comprising the
Ministries of Education, Cultural affairs and Science, the regional authorities(
and the lower-level school supervisory authorities (
).This particularly applies to the school system, higher education and the adult education/continuingeducation sector.