Arvind Kejriwal was born on 16 August 1968, Haryana. His father was an engineer and he spent most of hischildhood living in small northern Indian towns like Sonepat, Mathura and Hissar. He did his schooling fromCampus School.
Kejriwal graduated from IIT Kharagpur with a B.Tech. in Mechanical Engineering in 1989.
Hewas a resident of Nehru Hall of Residence.
In PAN IIT 2011 speech, Kejriwal recollected how IIT Kharagpurshaped him as a person saying, "I was at IIT Kharagpur from 1985 to 1989 and I think that was the most criticalperiod of my life". "Whatever I learnt at IIT has stayed with me .. the entire culture, environment has laid thefoundation in my life... and I am very grateful to my alma mater ". "I urge all fellow IITians..you are the cream of this country .. please go and influence the politicians to pass the Jan Lokpal bill ".
Kejriwal joined Tata Steel right after his graduation from IIT Kharagpur. Kejriwal quit his job with Tata Steel in1992 and spent some time working with Mother Teresa's Missionaries of Charity in Kolkata, the RamakrishnaMission in the North-East India and Nehru Yuva Kendra.
Kejriwal joined the
in 1992after qualifying through the Civil Services Examination.
InFebruary 2006, he voluntarily resigned from the IRS as Joint Commissioner in Income Tax Department.
Aftervoluntary resignation from job, he founded Parivartan, a Delhi based citizens
movement which works on ensuring a just, transparent and accountable governance. In December 2006, Kejriwal along with Manish Sisodia andAbhinandan Sekhri started Public Cause Research Foundation, which works for promoting better local self governance and RTI related campaigns
Right to Information
He along with Aruna Roy and others, campaigned f or the Right to Information Act (RTI), which soon became asilent social movement, Delhi Right to Information Act was passed in 2001
and eventually at national levelIndian Parliament passed the RTI in 2005. Thereafter, in July 2006, he spearheaded an awareness campaign for RTIacross India.
To motivate others Arvind has now instituted an RTI Award through his organisation.
Kejriwalhas been using RTI in corruption cases in many government departments including the Income Tax department, theMunicipal Corporation of Delhi, the Public Distribution System (PDS), the Delhi Electricity Board and others.
Jan Lokpal Bill
After spearheading the Right to Information Act, 2005 campaign, it became clear that corruption could be exposedusing Right to Information Act, 2005 (RTI). However, to prosecute and punish corrupt people, an effectiveanti-corruption law was needed. Arvind Kejriwal along with Prashant Bhushan, Shanti Bhushan, Santosh Hegde andKiran Bedi draftedJan Lokpal Bill. As thebill was edited and revised time to time after country wide publicconsultations, it was known as Jan Lokpal Bill i.e.Peoples's Lokpal bill. Though Anna Hazare was the leader of themovement for Jan Lokpal, Arvind Kejriwal is regarded asthe architect behind the movement. Janlokpal bill
movement actually started when Anna Hazare started a fast at Jantar Mantar on 5 April 2011. This got immensesupport from all over the country and government was forced to form a joint drafting committee for LokpalBill.India Against Corruption had announced indefinite fast from 15 August 2011 if government would fail to bringthe lokpal bill in the monsoon session of the parliament in August 2011. On August 16, 2011, key members of theIndia Against Corruption includingKejriwal, KiranBedi, and Manish Sisodia were arrested four hours before theplanned indefinite hunger strike by Hazare.
Rajan Bhagat, spokesman for Delhi Police, said police arrestedHazare under a legal provision that bans public gatherings and protests at the park in Delhi where Hazare wasplanning to begin his hunger strike. Activists were later released same day although they spent two more days in theTihar jail negotiating conditions put on protest.
Kejriwal left the jail on August 18 and the protests started thefollowing day from Ramlila Maidan in Delhi.
After twelve days of protests and many discussions between the