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IGCSE Mathematics for Edexcel

# IGCSE Mathematics for Edexcel

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This book has been updated to ensure that this second edition fully supports Edexcel's IGCSE Specification A. It has been written especially for students following the IGCSE course.

Clear learning objectives and summaries, worked examples and plenty of practice questions throughout the book provide students with the support they need to succeed at Higher Tier.
This book has been updated to ensure that this second edition fully supports Edexcel's IGCSE Specification A. It has been written especially for students following the IGCSE course.

Clear learning objectives and summaries, worked examples and plenty of practice questions throughout the book provide students with the support they need to succeed at Higher Tier.

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10/05/2015

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ι,
HODDER
EDUCA
TI
ON

iii
Contents
Working with whole numbers
1
Key points
71
Staιter:
Four
fouΓs
1
Inteωet
Challenge 472
1.1
subtΓaction
without a
calculatoΓ
2
5
Working with algebra
73
1.2 Multiplication without a
calculatoΓ
4
Staιter:
Right
οΓ
wωng?
731.3 Division without a
calculatoΓ
7
5.1
Substituting
numbeΓs
into formulae1.4Positive and negative
integeΓs
9and
expΓessions
73
1.5
FactoΓs,
mιιltiples
and primes
11
5.2 Working with indices761.6Highest
comιηon
factor,
HCF
125.3
Expandίng
bΓackets
781.7Lowest common multiple (LCM)145.4 Multiplying two
bΓackets
together 80Key points
18
5.5
FactoΓising
-common factors 82
InteΓnet
Challenge 1
19
5.6 Factorising -
expΓessions
83
5.7
FactoΓising-haΓdeΓ
2Fractions and decimals
20
expΓessions
85
StaΓter:
Half
and half205.8
Factorising-
difference
of
two2.1 Equivalent fractions
21
squaΓes
85
2.2 Mu1tiplying and dividing with5.9
GeneΓatingfoΓmulae
87fractions
25
5.10
Ch<ιnging
the
sιιbject
of
a formula892.3
AΓithmetic
with
deciωals
28Key points 942.4
Deciωals
and fractions 30
InteΓnet
Challenge 5952.5Rounding and
appωxiωation
34Key points38
6
Algebraic equations
96
Inteinet Challenge 2 39
StaΓteΓ:
TriangιιlaΓ
arithmagons966.1
ExpΓessions
,
equations and
3 Ratios and percentages
40
identίties
97
StaΓter:
How many
peΓ
cent?406.2
Siωple
equations983.1
WoΓking
with
Γatios
41
6.3
HaΓder
lineaΓ
equations993.2
Sίmple
peΓcentages
436.4 Equations and brackets
101
3.3Percentage
inCΓease
and decrease456.5 Equations with
fΓactional
3.4Reverse
peΓcentage
pωbleιηs
48coefficients1023.5Simple and compound
inteΓest
50Key points106Key points54
InteΓnet
Challenge 6 107Internet Challenge 355
7Graphs of straight lines
108
4Powers, roots and reciprocals
56
StaΓteΓ:
Matchstick
pιιzzles
108
StarteΓ:
Roωan
nιιωerals
567.1 Coordinates in all
fοιιΓ
ωots
577.2 Graphs
of
linear functions 1124.2Higher powers and
ωots
of
Jinear4.3Fractional (rational) indices 60
fιιnctions
114
4.4Negative powers and
recipωcals
61
7.4
Eqιιatίons
and graphs
1]
84.5The laws
of
indices 637.5 Parallel Jines 1204.6
StandaΓd
index
foΓm
66Key points 1244.7Calculating with
nuωbeΓs
inInternet Challenge 7 125standard form67

iv
Co
n
tents
8Simultaneous equations
126
12.3
Angles in polygons196Starter: Fruity numbers 12612.4 Areas and perimeters
of
simple
8.1
Solving simultaneous equations byshapes200inspection 12712.5 Surface area and volume2078.2 Solving simultaneous equations byKey points219algebraic elimination
128
Internet Challenge 122208.3Solving simultaneous equations bya graphical method132
13
Circles and cylinders
221
8.4Setting up and solving
probleωs
Starter: Three and a bit ...
221
using
siωultaneous
equations13313.1
Cii-cuωference
and area
of
a circ1e 222Key points137
13
.2 Sectors
of
a circle 227Internet Challenge 8138
13
.3
Circuωference
and area in reverse 22913.4 Surface area and
voluωe
of
a
9lnequalities
139
cylinder
231
Starter: Treasure hunt13913.5 Exact calculations using pi 2349.1
Whole-nuωber
solutions toKey points240inequalities140Internet Challenge
13
241
9.2 Using algebra
to
solve
lineaΓ
ineq ualities
141
1 4 Geometric constructions
242
9
.3
Illustrating inequalities on a
StaΓter:
Round and round in circles242number line14214.1
Constωcting
triangles
froω
given9.4Graphs
of
linear inequalities ininformation243two variables 14414.2
Constωct
i
ons
with line
segωents
BeaΓings
254Key points
151
Key points257Internet Challenge 9 152lnternet Challenge 14258
1
Ο
Number sequences
15315
Transformation and similarity
Starter: Circles, lines and regions 153
259
10.1
Nuωber
10
.2 Describing number sequences15.1 Reflections260with rules15615.2 Rotations26610.3
Arithωetic
sequences15815.3 Combining transformations
271
Key points16415.4
EnlaΓgements
275Internet Challenge 1
Ο
16515.5 Similar shapes and solids 279Key points288
11
Travel and other graphs
166
Internet Challenge
15
289Starter:
Aniωal
races166
11.1
Modelling with straight-line graphs 167
1 6 Pythagoras' theorem
290
11.2
Distance-tiωe
graphs172Starter: Finding squares and square11.3 Velocity-time
gΓaphs
176
ωots
16.1
Introducing Pythagoras' theorem
291
Internet Challenge
11
185
16.2 Using Pythagoras' theorem
to
find a hypotenuse 293
1 2 Working with shape and space
186
16
.3 U sing Pythagoras'
theoreω
toStarter: Alphabet soup186find one
of
the shorter sides 29412.1 Corresponding and alternate angles 18716.4 Pythagoras'
theoreω
in three12.2 Angles in triangles and
190
diωensions
297