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The Tuareg People

The Tuareg People

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Published by lucyyelding

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Published by: lucyyelding on Nov 05, 2012
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04/14/2014

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The Tuareg People
 
Berber people from North Africa, who live a traditional nomadic and pastoralist life. They live in theinterior of the Saharan desert, constantly moving through different borders in North Africa. Distantrelatives from the Egyptians and Moroccans.They traveled through the Saharan desert on camels, when they adopted Camel nomadism from thecamel-herding Arabics about two thousand years ago. They operated the trans-Saharan trade, allowingtrade between north Africa and southern Africa. Most of the Taureg land was colonized by the French inthe 19
th
century.The Taureg society is hierarchical, with several families in a group, led by their collective chiefs.The nobles of the clans are called
imúšaɣ 
,
who are defenders and warrior-aristocrats, who organize groupdefenses, livestock raids, and long distance caravan trade.
Their diet mainly consists of foods made from millet, and dairy products made from goats’ and camels’
milk.ReligionTraditionally Taureg practiced Animism, but now a lot of North Africa practice Christianity, thoughpaganism still is widely spread throughout North Africa. Once the Taureg had started trade and contactwith the Arabics, they adapted Islamic believes to their Animistic religion. Animism is a general name for the practice of believing that there is a spiritual essence and naturalphenomena, but differentiates between different tribes and groups of people, though many religions, likeBuddhism, Shinto, and Paganism are all said to have some aspects of Animism in them. Each tribe isunique to its myths and rituals, and each tribe will have a different name for their belief, and some noname at all, as it is part of the culture.The Taureg where always exposed to the clear skies of the Saharan, and could clearly see all the stars.They began studying astronomy, and used their observations to tell what time of the year it is, to helpindicate when they should milk their livestock.Tuareg stars and constellations include:
Azzag Willi(Venus), which indicates the time for milking the goats
Shet Ahad(Pleiades (star cluster)), the seven sisters of the night
Amanar (Orion (constellation)), the warrior of the desert
 
Talemt(Ursa Major ), the she-camel
Awara(Ursa Minor ), the baby camel Their architecture mainly consisted of tents as they were constantly on the move.The smiths (inadan) of the Taureg people were the story tellers, they would tell the folklore of their godsand spirits, ancestors.One folklore about Boulkhou, who thought off an air region army alone wearing a Quranic amulet inside awell for 40 days.The Tuareg men wear indigo turbans, which the dyes sometimes stains their skin, which is why some
people call them “The blue people of the desert.”
 Taureg leather bag
 
http://africa.si.edu/exhibits/tuareg/contact.html Shows the patterns used, leather pigment & silkTent polesRECENT INVENTIONS IN THE 19
TH
CENTURY (though not by the Tuareg, and left out some thought to beirrelivant)1800
 –
Count Alessandro Volta invents the battery.1804 - Freidrich Winzer (Winsor) was the first person to patent gas lighting.1809 - Humphry Davy invents the first electric light - the first arc lamp.1814 - George Stephenson designs the first steam locomotive.1825 - William Sturgeon invented the electromagnet.1831 - Michael Faraday invents a electric dynamo.1837 - Samuel Morse invents the telegraph.

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