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Benefits of trees to arable farms - evidence report

Benefits of trees to arable farms - evidence report

Ratings: (0)|Views: 9 |Likes:
Published by woodlandtrust
A review of the evidence for the role of trees in arable farming systems and the benefits they provide.
A review of the evidence for the role of trees in arable farming systems and the benefits they provide.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: woodlandtrust on Nov 05, 2012
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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12/04/2012

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Qmme`nke Uywru Ygvmyu
 
92
Ygbgku |gnyr cnxg rggk lkbygnrlka hmbwrmk hmme rgbwylu| nke vygrrwyg hmy dmygemdgrulb hmme vymewbulmk+ N aymqlka qmy`e vmvw`nulmk lr lkbygnrlka ucg egdnkehmy hmme qcl`g b`ldnug bcnkag lr cnxlkan kganulxg ldvnbu mk naylbw`uwyg lk dnk| vnyur mh ucg qmy`e+Nu ucg rndg uldg ucgyg lr ygbmaklulmk ucnuucg knuwyn` gkxlymkdgku lr hwkendgkun` umucg eg`lxgy| mh –gbmr|rugd rgyxlbgr“
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+ Hmynaylbw`uwyn` vymewbulmk uclr dgnkr cgn`uc| rml`r, vm``lknulka lkrgbur, b`ldnug ygaw`nulmk, qluc v`gkulhw` nke b`gnk qnugy+ Iwu hnydlkan`rm cnr nk ldvnbu mk qlegy gbmr|rugdrgyxlbgr hmy rmblgu|, lkb`welka dnlkunlklka qnugy ~wn`lu|, dlulanulka h`mmelka nkerwvvmyulka ilmelxgyrlu|+Qcl`g ucg gkxlymkdgkun` ldvnbur mh dmegyk naylbw`uwyg cnxg mhugk iggkbylulblrge, ugbckm`ma| cnr iymwacu cwagigkghlur+ Ucg egxg`mvdgku mh rwrunlkni`gnaylbw`uwyg egvgker mk rwvvmyulka nkelkbygnrlka vymewbulmk, qcl`g dnlkunlklkanke ldvymxlka ucg bmkelulmk mh ucg knuwyn`gkxlymkdgku+Nk nvvymnbc um ucgrg uqlk nldr ql``yg~wlyg egxg`mvdgkur lk naymkmd|, v`nkuiyggelka nke ghhgbulxg nke ghhlblgku wrg mh naylbw`uwyn` lkvwur+ Cmqgxgy qg ig`lgxg ucnuucmwacuhw` lkugaynulmk mh uyggr nke mucgyknuwyn` g`gdgkur lkum hnydlka r|rugdr bnkn`rm rwvvmyu vymewbulmk, eg`lxgylka igkghlurnu ucg hnyd rbn`g nke qlegy vwi`lb ammer+Qmyjlka qluc Cnyvgy Nendr Wklxgyrlu| Bm``gag qg cnxg ygxlgqge ucg gxlegkbg hmyucg ym`g mh uyggr lk hnydlka r|rugdr nke ucgigkghlur ucg| vymxleg
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Bmkugkur
Lkuymewbulmk 2Ldvnbur mh b`ldnug bcnkag 7Eymwacu nke qnugybmkrgyxnulmk 1Rml` gymrlmk 3Ayggkcmwrg anrgrbymv vm``lknulmkcgn`uc nke rnhgu| >6Bmkrgyxnulmknke rvmyulkamvvmyuwklulgr >9Yghgygkbgr >5Rmwybgr mh hwkelkanke v`nkulka nexlbg >7
Lkuymewbulmk
Ucg ucmwacuhw` lkugaynulmk mh uyggr lkum hnydlka r|rugdr bnkrwvvmyu vymewbulmk,eg`lxgylka ygn` igkghlur nu ucg hnydrbn`g qcl`g n`rmeg`lxgylka qlegy vwi`lb ammer
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Gbmr|rugd rgyxlbgr nyg ucg ynkag mh ygrmwybgr nke vymbgrrgr rwvv`lge i| knuwyn`gbmr|rugdr+ Ucgrg qgyg iymwacu um vymdlkgkbg nke ucgly eghlklulmkr hmydn`lrge i| ucgWkluge Knulmkr 9667 Dl``gkklwd Gbmr|rugd Nrrgrrdgku+ Uclr aymwvge gbmr|rugd rgyxlbgrlkum hmwy bnugamylgr?
vymxlrlmklka
, rwbc nr hmme vymewbulmk nke qnugy:
ygaw`nulka
, rwbcnr ucg bmkuym` mh b`ldnug:
rwvvmyulka
, rwbc nr kwuylgku b|b`gr nke bymv vm``lknulmk: nke
bw`uwyn`
, rwbc nr rvlyluwn` nke ygbygnulmkn` igkghlur+
QUV@-Bm`lk Ina`mq 
Uyggr lk ucg hnydlka `nkerbnvg
 
57
Ucg `nru hlhu| |gnyr cnr rggk lkbygnrlkanxgynag ugdvgynuwygr, dmyg qlkugy ynlkhn``nke egbygnrgr lk rwddgy ynlkhn`` lk n``iwu kmyuc gnru Gka`nke nke ucg kmyucmh Rbmu`nke+ @mq rwddgy ynlkhn`` lrvnyulbw`ny`| nk lrrwg hmy ucg rmwucgyk nkegnrugyk vnyur mh Iylunlk, ldvmyunku hmynyni`g vymewbulmk+Ey| rvylka nke rwddgy qgnucgy ygewbgrbymv |lg`er nke lk 96>> qnr gruldnuge umbmru WJ hnydgyr ¢566d+ Qnugy lr n`ygne| mxgy niruynbuge lk `nyag nygnr mh rmwucgykGka`nke+ B`ldnug bcnkag rbgknylmr vygelbuuclr ql`` agu qmyrg+Hmy WJ naylbw`uwyg nke cmyulbw`uwyg, vgylmermh eymwacu ewylka ucg aymqlka rgnrmk bmw`edgnk vmmy bymv agydlknulmk, ygewbgeaymquc ynugr nke `mqgy |lg`er+ Gxgk qcgyglyylanulmk lr nxnl`ni`g, vygrrwyg um dnlkunlkemdgrulb qnugy rwvv`lgr nke um vymugbu ucggbm`ma| mh ylxgyr nke mucgy qnugy imelgr,dn| dgnk ucnu nxnl`nil`lu| lr ygruylbuge+Rwbc lyylanulmk qnugy ucnu lr nxnl`ni`g ql``kgge um ig wrge ghhlblgku`|+Bymv rg`gbulmk nke v`nku iyggelka, ammebymv cwrinkey| nke ldvymxge lyylanulmkr|rugdr ql`` n`` v`n| n vnyu lk neeygrrlka ucgvymi`gdr bnwrge i| lkbygnrlka hyg~wgkb| mh eymwacu, iwu bymv rcg`ugy bnk n`rm ig nkldvmyunku hnbumy+Egrvlug ucg vygelbuge eymv lk umun` rwddgyynlkhn``, lu lr ugkelka um bmdg lk cgnxlgyemqkvmwyr+ Uclr lr ldvmyunku hmy lur ldvnbumk rwyhnbg qnugy h`mmelka, rml` gymrlmk nkekwuylgku `mrr nke rwirg~wgku`| hmy vm``wulmkmh qnugy bmwyrgr+
Ldvnbur mh b`ldnug bcnkag
 
+++bymv rcg`ugy cnr nk ldvmyunkuym`g um v`n| lkneeygrrlka ucgvymi`gdr bnwrge i| lkbygnrlka hyg~wgkb| mh eymwacu
lRumbj-Rwrnk Rugqnyu 
Bgyunlk Rml` u|vgr nyg vnyulbw`ny`| xw`kgyni`g um eymwacu cnxlka n ygn` ldvnbu mk bymv ~wn`lu| nke |lg`e+
Agmaynvc-D O Ylbcnyermk
Vygrrwyg um dnlkunlk qnugy rwvv`lgr dn| dgnk ucnu ygruylbulmkr nyg v`nbge mk niruynbulka qnugy+

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