EMERGENCY RESPONSE TO TERRORISM: SELF-STUDY
THE IMPORTANCE OF THISTRAINING
are one of the first to arrive on thescene of a suspected terrorist incident.As a first responder trained at theawareness level, you are among the firstto witness or discover an incidentinvolving criminal activity or terrorismand to initiate an emergency responsesequence by notifying the properauthorities. In this role you need thefollowing competencies which you canacquire through training andprofessional experience:
an understanding of what terrorismis and the risks associated withsuch an incident;
an understanding of the potentialoutcomes associated with a terroristincident;
the ability to recognize the presenceof, and identify, criminal activity orterrorism in an emergency;
an understanding of the role of thefirst responder as it relates tocomponents of an emergency response plan, including sitesecurity and the U.S. Department of Transportation's (DOT)
North American Emergency Response Guidebook
the ability to realize the need foradditional resources, and to makeappropriate notifications to anemergency communication center;and
the ability to self-protect, keepingresponder safety as a priority.
In October 1996, at the USFA, anumber of prominent subject matterexperts performed a needs assessmentand formulated a curriculum directionfor the USFA, including the NFA, in thearea of emergency response toterrorism. As a result, the NFA willoffer new courses as part of its existingHazardous Materials Curriculum. The USFA's NFA will use the five-levelhazardous materials training model indesigning these Emergency Response to Terrorism training courses. OSHA CFR1910.120 is the basis for this five-levelmodel. These levels are awareness,operations, technician, specialist, andincident command. Occasionally, thematerial touches on operational andmanagerial issues. However, the intentis to introduce first responders to theconsequences of emergency response toterrorism. The response to terrorismtrack will include, in addition to thiscourse, basic concepts for firstresponders (complementing andenhancing this self-study module forindividuals trained to the operationslevel), tactical considerations (forindividuals trained to the technician orspecialist levels), and incidentmanagement (for incident commandpersonnel). The USFA's response toterrorism training, like its hazardousmaterials training, is consistent withthe National Fire ProtectionAssociation's Professional Qualifications471, 472, and 473. The NFA plans torelease all these courses during 1997and 1998.
This self-study course is designed toprovide you with a general introductionto the basic concepts for first-responderawareness at the scene of a potentialterrorist incident. To master the basicsmore thoroughly, it is recommendedthat you complete this course as well asthe NFA's corresponding 16-hourcourse,
Emergency Response To Terrorism: Basic Concepts
(ERT:BC)(available as of September 1997). This course includes five modules, aGlossary, a Curriculum Guide,Appendix A: Terrorism Annex to theFederal Response Plan, Appendix B:Presidential Decision Directive 39(Unclassified), and Appendix C: RelatedCourse List.