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Out of Our Depth: Mining the Ocean Floor in Papua New Guinea

Out of Our Depth: Mining the Ocean Floor in Papua New Guinea

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Published by Natalie Lowrey
The report further details serious environmental and social impacts expected as a result of unprecedented mining of the ocean floor in PNG. It highlights the deep flaws in Nautilus Minerals EIS like the insufficient testing by the company in the toxicity of its process on vent species, and has not sufficiently considered toxic effects on organisms in the marine food chain.

http://deepseaminingoutofourdepth.org/report
The report further details serious environmental and social impacts expected as a result of unprecedented mining of the ocean floor in PNG. It highlights the deep flaws in Nautilus Minerals EIS like the insufficient testing by the company in the toxicity of its process on vent species, and has not sufficiently considered toxic effects on organisms in the marine food chain.

http://deepseaminingoutofourdepth.org/report

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Natalie Lowrey on Nov 06, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/13/2014

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OUT OF OUR DEPTH
Mining the Ocean Floor in Papua New Guinea
NOVEMBER 2011
 
November 2011 
Author:
Helen Rosenbaum (PhD)
Researcher:
Anne Nolan
Editors:
Natalie Lowrey, Christina Hill (Oxam Australia) andCatherine Coumans (PhD) (Mining Watch Canada)
Expert contributions:
Alex Rogers, Proessor, Department o Zoology, University o Oxord;Scientifc Director o the International Programme on State o the OceanJe Kinch, Principal, PNG National Fisheries College, New Ireland Province, PNGStuart Kirsch, Associate Proessor, Department o Anthropology, The University o Michigan
With support from:
MiningWatch Canadawww.miningwatch.caCELCoR[The Centre or Environmental Law and Community Rights Papua New Guinea]Oxam Australiawww.oxam.org.auThe Packard Foundationwww.packard.org
Design, layout and illustrations:
Natalie Lowrey
www.deepseaminingoutofourdepth.org
Cover image: Montage by Natalie Lowrey,photos courtesy of Jessie Boylan/MPI and the University of Bremen.Back cover: Children playing in Kavieng, Papua New Guinea.Photo: Jessie Boylan/MPI 
 
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS 2
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 3
 
1. INTRODUCTION 62. DEEP SEA MINERAL RESOURCES 7
 2.1 The Formation of Seabed Mineral Resources at Hydrothermal Vents 72.2 The Location of Sea-oor Massive Sulphides 92.3 Mineral Deposits in the Manus Basin 10
3. THE UNIQUE ECOLOGY OF HYDROTHERMAL VENTS 11
4. NAUTILUS MINERALS INC. 12
 
4.1 The Scope of Nautilus’ Exploration 124.2 The Financial Position of Nautilus 134.3 The Status of the Solwara 1 Project 134.4 The Mining Process 14
5. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF SOLWARA 1 16
5.1 The Environmental Approvals Process 165.2 Inadequate Risk Analysis 165.3 The Environmental Management Plan 17
6. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF SOLWARA 1 18
6.1 The Physical Destruction of Hydrothermal Vents 186.2 Sediment Plumes 196.3 Operational and Infrastructure-Related Hazards 20
7. SOCIO-ECONOMIC ASPECTS 22
7.1 Lack of Social and Economic Impact Assessments 227.2 Health Impacts 247.3 Benets? 25
8. THE CUMULATIVE IMPACTS OF DEEP SEA MININGAND THE NEED FOR REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS 269. CONCLUSIONS 28
ENDNOTES 30
CONTENTS
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