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Fermentation Technology

Fermentation Technology

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Published by rajeevpotadar

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Published by: rajeevpotadar on Nov 06, 2012
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12/04/2012

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Fermentation definitions and termsFermentation typesFermenter typesBioreactor types
FERMENTATION TECHNOLOGY
 
INTRODUCTION
 
DEFINITION
Fermentation technology is the oldest of all biotechnological processes.The term is derived from the Latin verb
 fevere
, to boil--the appearance of fruit extracts or malted grain acted upon by yeast, during the productionof alcohol.
Fermentation is a process of chemical change caused by organisms ortheir products, usually producing effervescence and heat.
Microbiologists consider fermentation as 'any process for the productionof a product by means of mass culture of micro-organisms'.
Biochemists consider fermentation as 'an energy-generating process inwhich organic compounds act both as electron donors and acceptors';hence fermentation is
„an
anaerobic process where energy is producedwithout the participation of oxygen or other inorganic electron
acceptors‟
.
One process by which carbon-containing compounds are broken down inan energy yielding process. Fermentation occurs during times of lowoxygen supply and is therefore known as a type of anaerobic respiration.

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