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SDCCH Half Rate Configuration

SDCCH Half Rate Configuration

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Published by smpillai11
SDCCH Half Rate Configuration document
SDCCH Half Rate Configuration document

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Published by: smpillai11 on Nov 06, 2012
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12/04/2012

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SDCCH CONFIGURATIONIN HALF RATE
 © Nokia Corporation
 
 
SDCCH Configuration in Half Rate
1. INTRODUCTION TO HALF RATE
With the half rate coding it is possible to maximize the spectrum efficiency. Half rate codingalmost doubles the amount of radio resources, compared with the use of full rate trafficchannels.Full rate speech and data is coded and transferred using 16 kbit/s channels in the BSS.However, with the half rate coding, 8 kbit/s transmission can be used on the BSC-BTSinterface. This is possible also on the BSC transcoder interface when the BSS (BTS, BSC,Transcoder) and mobile stations all support half rate. Radio resources can thus be moreefficiently used by employing half rate traffic channels for low rate data services.Each radio time slot of the BTS TRX can be configured to be a full rate, half rate or dual ratetraffic channel (TCH) resource on the BSC-BTS interface. In the last case the BSCdynamically allocates an idle radio time slot either for half rate or full rate coding on a callbasis.It is possible to introduce half rate coding to existing full rate GSM networks gradually. TheBSC-MSC interface supports different types of transcoders capable of full rate coding, halfrate coding or both. The BSS is able to co-operate simultaneously with both old phase 1 fullrate-only mobile stations and with phase 2 mobile stations which support both full and halfrate. Thus, half rate can also be installed in the network without replacing the oldtranscoders with new half rate-supporting ones.Half rate is an optional GSM feature in the BSC and available in both ANSI and ETSIenvironments.
2. SDCCH TRAFFIC DIMENSIONING (BH)
The SDCCH traffic is much more difficult to estimate as it is used in various processes andfeatures such as periodic location update, location update, IMSI attach/detach, SMS, callsetup, etc. Therefore, it is a cell-by-cell analysis.In fact, the SDCCH traffic is a sum of various causes:
==
=
 xiiiiSDCCH 
nTraffic
1
3600)*(
τ  
 
 © Nokia Corporation 2(4)
 
 
SDCCH Configuration in Half Rate
Causes (I) Number per subs perhour (n)SDCCH hold (
τ
) [s]Total
Periodic Location Update 13.63.6Normal Location Update 0.53.61.8Attach (IMSI) 13.63.6Detach (IMSI) 133Call set up (MTC) (no answer) 0.12.80.28Call set up (MTC) (answer) 0.22.80.56Call set up (MOC) (no answer) 0.62.81.68Call set up (MOC) (answer) 0.22.80.56SMS (MTC) 0.56.23.1SMS (MOC) 0.56.23.1Coverage lost 0.000150.0005Fax (MTC) 0.0012.80.0028Fax (MOC) 0.0052.80.014Others (Call div., Number ID,) 0.0110.0121.3073
SDCCH per sub. Per hour [Erl]
0.006
False Ch. Request per BCCH (cell) 306180 
Note: 
These values are typical assumptions with 50% HR loading.
3. SIGNALLING CAPACITY IN HALF RATE
When TRXs could be configured by FR TCHs only, 16 kbit/s or 64 kbit/s LAPD (link accessprocedure on the D-channel) links have been used in telecom signalling. The maximumnumber of radio channels that could be configured in a TRX were 18, consisting of 12SDCCHs and 6 TCH/Fs. Introduction of HR will enable TRX configurations of more than 18radio channels which results in an increased load in measurement reporting; therefore acapacity of 16 kbit/s signalling link may not be sufficient in all cases.Therefore it is recommended that also with HR the TRX configurations should be restrictedto the maximum of 18 radio channels if 16 kbit/s signalling links are used. A TRX within thislimitation can have for example the following channel configurations:
8 SDCCHs, 6 TCH/Hs and 4 TCH/Fs
4 SDCCHs and 14 TCH/Hs
16 HR traffic channels
 © Nokia Corporation 3(4)

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