SDCCH Configuration in Half Rate
1. INTRODUCTION TO HALF RATE
With the half rate coding it is possible to maximize the spectrum efficiency. Half rate codingalmost doubles the amount of radio resources, compared with the use of full rate trafficchannels.Full rate speech and data is coded and transferred using 16 kbit/s channels in the BSS.However, with the half rate coding, 8 kbit/s transmission can be used on the BSC-BTSinterface. This is possible also on the BSC transcoder interface when the BSS (BTS, BSC,Transcoder) and mobile stations all support half rate. Radio resources can thus be moreefficiently used by employing half rate traffic channels for low rate data services.Each radio time slot of the BTS TRX can be configured to be a full rate, half rate or dual ratetraffic channel (TCH) resource on the BSC-BTS interface. In the last case the BSCdynamically allocates an idle radio time slot either for half rate or full rate coding on a callbasis.It is possible to introduce half rate coding to existing full rate GSM networks gradually. TheBSC-MSC interface supports different types of transcoders capable of full rate coding, halfrate coding or both. The BSS is able to co-operate simultaneously with both old phase 1 fullrate-only mobile stations and with phase 2 mobile stations which support both full and halfrate. Thus, half rate can also be installed in the network without replacing the oldtranscoders with new half rate-supporting ones.Half rate is an optional GSM feature in the BSC and available in both ANSI and ETSIenvironments.
2. SDCCH TRAFFIC DIMENSIONING (BH)
The SDCCH traffic is much more difficult to estimate as it is used in various processes andfeatures such as periodic location update, location update, IMSI attach/detach, SMS, callsetup, etc. Therefore, it is a cell-by-cell analysis.In fact, the SDCCH traffic is a sum of various causes:
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