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10-Ruang-Eigen

10-Ruang-Eigen

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Published by Farhan Yusuf

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Published by: Farhan Yusuf on Nov 06, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/27/2013

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MA-1223Aljabar Linier
Ruang Eigen danDiagonalisasi
 
Nilai Eigen dan Vektor Eigen
DefinisiMisalkan sebuah matriks A
nxn
dan
x
adalah vektortak nol di R
n
 
dan skalar λ merupakan skalar Rill
sehingga memenuhi :A
x
= λ
x
dimana λ disebut
nilai eigen
sedangkan
x
disebut
vektor eigen
Contoh
Diketahui matriks A =mempunyai vektor eigen
x =
2321
    
11
yang bersesuaiandengan
λ =
-1. Kenapa?
 
Arti nilai eigen (Secara Geometri)
Perhatikan A
x
=
λ
x,
maka1.
λ > 1, terjadi pembesaran vektor
x
2.
0<λ<1, terjadi pengecilan vektor
x
3.
λ < 0, terjadi pembalikan arah terhadap vektor
x
 

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