Mrozinski 3have counted 33,120 winters in their calendar
does not seem too farfetched to serve as a ballpark guess of when the savages could be seen as modern men by a sympathetic eye.We see in John Locke’s
Essay Concerning the True Original, Extent, and End of Civil Government
, in the
section concerning Property: “Whatsoever, then, he removes out of the statethat nature hath provided and left it in, he hath mixed his labour with it, and joined to itsomething that is his own, and thereby makes it his property.”
He believes land that was notgenerating income via labour was lying in waste, and that the purpose of property is capitalismand trade—money comes into the equation as a “lasting thing men could keep withoutspoiling.”
Indians who do not join in the common money lay in waste.
Beyond Locke’sshallow understanding of Indigenous history, land has been worked for both agriculture—both totrade and sustain society—and religious purposes. Complex systems of divided labor permittedagriculture to advance in manners technologically equivalent to European agriculture techniques,including but not limited to irrigation, nutrition, and intertribal trade of surplus. Incan societies atthe time of contact employed soil conservation methods and aqueduct networks to water cropswhile also raising livestock.
Indigenous peoples all over the Western Hemisphere had figuredout how to grow complete nutrition for themselves,
independently developed monotheistic belief systems and chiefdom governments, promoting some to devote their land in religious
“The Bering Strait Myth: Issues of Native Circle” accessed 3 June 2011,http://www.nativecircle.com/mlmBSmyth.html
John Locke, “An Essay Concerning the True Original, Extent, and End of Civil Government,”in
The Social Contract
ed. Sir Ernest Barker (London: Oxford University Press, 1961) p. 17.
Locke, True Original, 29.
Locke, True Original, 27.
“Incas,” Accessed 5 June 2011, http://public.wsu.edu/~dee/CIVAMRCA/INCAS.HTM
The Three Sisters
, accessed 6 June 2011,http://www.motherearthnews.com/Nature-Community/2001-02-01/The-Three-Sisters.aspx