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Data Processing MBA MK02 UNIT IV

Data Processing MBA MK02 UNIT IV

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Published by Amit Kumar

Data Processing, Analysis and Estimation, Hypothesis Testing, Bi-variate Analysis: Chi square, Correlation, Rank Correlation, Regression Analysis, Analysis of Variance.

Data Processing, Analysis and Estimation, Hypothesis Testing, Bi-variate Analysis: Chi square, Correlation, Rank Correlation, Regression Analysis, Analysis of Variance.

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Published by: Amit Kumar on Nov 07, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/17/2013

 
Sujf" Okay @xkou XBAY AV KEO K@35 Somh ?
XBAY AVIoyo Sujdhttabm
Favh Tyhs Sujdhixuh fju Ioyo Oboltat>Tyhs Jbh> Volaioyajb obi hiayabm 'qxolay djbyujl!Tyhs Y}j> DjiabmTyhs Yguhh> Ioyo HbyuTyhs Fjxu> Kodgabh Dlhobabm jf IoyoTyhs Favh> Yoexloyajb obi Tyoyatyadol Oboltat
Volaioyajb
Ygh sujdhtt jf otdhuyoababm ygoy abyhuvah}t odyxoll }huh djbixdyhiot tshdafahi"
Hiayabm
Ygh Uo} ioyo at la`hl yj djbyoab o bxkehu jf huujut ixuabm yghsujdhtt jf uhdjuiabm ygh abfjukoyajb ab txuvh" Ygxt huujut abdjllhdyhi abfjukoyajb }gadg ouh yj eh uhdyafahi ehfjuh fxuyghuoboltat" Ygh huujut jf djbfxtajb ab uo} ioyo ouh hlakaboyhi ygujxmghiayabm"Dghd`abm fju abyhuvah}hu katyo`ht?" Iai ygh abyhuvah}hu ot` ju uhdjui obt}hut fju dhuyoab qxhtyajbt:5" _xhtyajbboauht ouh dghd`hi yj ko`h txuh T`as soyyhubt ouhfjllj}hi"4" Uhtsjbtht yj jshbhbihi uhtsjbtht ouh dghd`hi"
Djiabm
Djiabm at ygh sujdhtt jf htyoelatgabm ygh doyhmjuaht ab ygh uo} ioyoobi yghb ottambabm tkejlt ju bxkehut yj yghk" Uhtsjbtht ouhyuobtloyhi abyj djiht h"m" la`hiiatla`hi, gjbhtyiatgjbhty hyd"
Ioyo HbyuAbyhllamhby Ioyo Hbyu
Ygh dghd`abm jf abfjukoyajb ehabm hbyhuhi fju abyhubol ljmad e hayghuygoy ioyo hbyu ihvadh ju objyghu ihvadh djbbhdyhi yj ay"
Ygh Ioyo Hbyu Sujdhtt
Ygh khdgobadt jf ygh sujdhtt"Ygh volaioyhi, hiayhi, obi djihi qxhtyajbboauht ouh mavhb yj o ioyohbyu jshuoyju"Ygh sujdhtt jf mjabm iauhdyl fujk ygh qxhtyajbboauh yj ygh ioyo hbyuihvadh obi tyjuomh khiaxk at kjuh oddxuoyh obi hffadahby"
Yoexloyajb
Yoexloyajb at ygh juihul ouuobmhkhby jf ygh ioyo ab uj}t obidjlxkbt"
Jenhdyavht jf Yoexloyajb
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Ygh ioyo dob eh suhthbyhi ab o djbdath obi xbihutyobioelh fjuk"5"
 
Yghuh at o tovabm ejyg yakh obi tsodh4"
 
Djksouatjb at takslh obi hot9"
 
Fodalayoyht ygh doldxloyajb jf vouajxt tyoyatyadol khotxuht"
Ysht jf Yoelht'o! Jbh ]o Fuhqxhbd Yoelht
O yoelh tgj}abm ygh bxkehu jf uhtsjbtht yj hodg obt}hu"Kou`t Bj" jf Tyxihbyt3?3 8?353 ?35343 ?84393 ?39383 8Yjyol98
'e! Y}j }o YoelhBj" jf AyhktihkobihiBj" jf Shjslh YjyolKolhFhkolh
388?3?3?8?8538 99 64 54 41?386Yjyol ?8 ?8 43
'd! Gamghu juihu YoelhOmh abhout?3+53 53+43 43+93 93+83Kou`t K F K F K F K F
35353939363
 'i! Dujtt+Yoexloyajb
Dujttyoexloyajb jf ioyo at jbh jf ygh yjjl yj oboltht, djllhdyhiabfjukoyajb" Ygh tyouyabm sjaby jf dujttyoexloyajb at yj sxy yghdjllhdyhi abfjukoyajb ab takslh jbh iakhbtajbol fjuk obi yghbthsouoyh yghth ioyo ab y}j ju kjuh doyhmjuaht oddjuiabm yj yghjenhdyavht jf ygh abvhtyamoyajb" Sujvaiht o sj}hufxl obi hotalxbihutyjji ossujodg yj ygh txkkoua~oyajb obi oboltat jf txuvhuhthoudg uhtxlyt" La`h0DxtyjkhutKolh FhkolhBhvhu fodhi ob sujelhk =8( 73(Fodhi sujelhk oy lhoty jbdh 58( 53(Yjyol ?33( ?33(
Muosgad Uhsuhthbyoyajbt jf Ioyo
Ygat ysh jf suhthbyoyajb jf ioyo dob eh ijbh e khobt jf iaomuoktju muosgt"
'O! Iaomuokt
Ygh eotad sxusjth jf iaomuokt at yj sujvaih o sadyjuaol vah} jf yghqxobyayoyavh fodyt, ko`abm yghk kjuh oyyuodyavh obi hot yjxbihutyobi"
Ysht jf Iaomuokt'a! Takslh eou Iaomuokt
Ygat ysh jf iaomuok at xthi yj suhthby ygh dgobmht ab tabmlhdgouodyhuatyadt jf ygh sghbjkhbjb xbihu djbtaihuoyajb" h"m"Tyoyht Tolh ab ?333`mt"OS 8Ottok 4Eagou =GU 4XS 5Yjyol 53Tyoyht Tolht ab 333`mt"Ghamgy jf hodg eou abdk"OSOttokEagouGUXS84=4584=45
'aa! Kxlyaslh Eou Iaomuokt
Ygh thy jf y}j ju kjuh abyhuuhloyhi sghbjkhbjb dob eh uhsuhthbyhie Kxlyaslh eou iaomuok" Ygh khygji jf iuo}abm yghth iaomuok attakalou yj takslh eou iaomuok" La`h0
38?3OS Ottok Eagou GU XS
Tdolh> ? Dk;?333 `mt
 
Sujf" Okay @xkou XBAY AV KEO K@35 Somh 5
_xhtyajb>Qhout
5331 53?3 53??53?5Youmhy ab Lo`g Ut"Odgahvhkhbyt abLo`g Ut"6 = 719 9"8 86Youmhyt OdgahvhkhbytQhout AbLo`gtGamgy jf eouab Dk"AbLo`gtGamgy jf Eouab dk"533153?353??53?56=716=7199"88699"886
'aaa! Txe+iavaihi Eou Iaomuok
Af ygh mavhb kombayxih dob eh iavaihi ab ya o bxkehu jf txedjksjbhbyt, yghb ygh eout uhsuhthbyabm hodg yjyol ju djksjbhby dobeh txeiavaihi yj tgj} ygh djbyuaexyajb jf hodg txedjksjbhby abygh yjyol volxh jf ygh djksjbhby" La`h
_xhtyajb>
Qhout Djbtxksyajb ab `mt" ab vouajxt Abdjkhmujxst?353 53434393 9383 Yjyol533=5337533153?353??53?549499"89"894"84"899"89"899449"89"888"88"8999"8?6?=?8?8?="8?7
'av! Sah+iaomuokt
Tjkhyakh yghuh at yjj kxdg iaffhuhbdh ab ygh kombayxih jf ayhkt,yghb jbhiakhbtajbol iaomuok ouh bjy txayoelh yj euabm ygh aksjuyobydgouodyhuatyadt jf ygh ioyo abyj sujkabhbdh" Ab txdg doth y}jiakhbtajbol iaomuok }ghuh ygh kombayxih jf hodg ayhk atsujsjuyajbol yj ygh ouho jf ygh iaomuok at sahiaomuok"
HwokslhTyoyht Jxysxy ab 333 yjbt
XS 53KSGSX@MxnGUUonSxbnoe?85845?748438Yjyol ?73
Tyoyht Sujixdyajb Obmlh jf hodg thmkhby w463
XSKSGSX@MxnGUUonSxbnoe
 
53?858?5?758438
 
58*?73; 83?8*?73; 43?3*?73; 5353*?73; 9348*?73; =343*?73; 6393*?73; 738*?73; ?3
 
Yjyol ?83 463
'E! Muosgt
Muosgadol uhsuhthbyoyajb jf ioyo at eothi jb kjuh tdahbyafad uxlhtygob o iaomuok" Yghth ouh iuo}b jb o muosg soshu yo`abm yghabihshbihby vouaoelh jb Wowat obi ygh djuuhtsjbiabm ihshbihbyvouaoelh jb Qowat" Ygh tdolh jb W obi Q owat tgjxli bh yo`hb abtxdg o kobbhu ygoy ygh ioyo dob eh ossujsuaoyh uhsuhthbyhi jb yghsoshu"
Ysht jf Muosgt
a"
 
Gatyjuamuoktaa"
 
Gatyjmuoktaaa"
 
Fuhqxhbd sjlmjbav"
 
Fuhqxhbd dxuvhv"
 
Dxkxloyavh fuhqxhbd dxuvh ju jmavh
'a! Gatyjuamuokt
Yghth ysht jf muosg at kjtyl xthi }ghb ygh ioyo fju vouaoelhdgouodyhuatyadt at mavhb }ayg uhtshdy yj yakh" La`hQhout Bj jf KEO tyxihbyt abFAY5336533=5337533153?353??53?5434893838863??3
38?35331 53?3 53?? 53?5YoumhytOdgahvhkhbyt38?3?853533= 5337 5331 53?3 53?? 53?593+8343+9353+43?3 & KjuhXSKSGSX@MXNGUUONSXBNOE
 
Sujf" Okay @xkou XBAY AV KEO K@35 Somh 4
'aa! Gatyjmuokt
Ygh mujxs ioyo ab ygh fjuk jf o fuhqxhbd iatyuaexyajb dob ehdjbvahbyl suhthbyhi e yo`abm dlott abyhuvolt jb Wowat obi yghdjuuhtsjbiabm fuhqxhbd jb Qowat"DlottAbyhuvolFuhqxhbd DlottAbyhuvolFuhqxhbd3?3?353534343939383?5498836363=3=373731313?338945?
'aaa! Fuhqxhbd Sjlmjb
Yghuh at bjy kxdg iaffhuhbdh e*} o fuhqxhbd sjlmjb obi ogatyjmuok" Ygh jbl iaffhuhbdh at ygoy ab fuhqxhbd sjlmjb ygh kaisjabyt jf hodg dlottabyhuvol ouh yo`hb jb wowat obi yghdjuuhtsjbiabm fuhqxhbdaht jb owat" Ygh sjabyt ouh njabhi etyuoamgy labht"
'av! Fuhqxhbd dxuvh
Ay at fuhh gobi dxuvh sottabm ygujxmg kjty jf ygh sjabyt jf yghfuhqxhbd sjlmjb"
'v! Dxkxloyavh Fuhqxhbd dxuvh ju Jmavht
Ygat at o tkjjyg dxuvh iuo}b e sjabyabm ygh sjaby jb ygh muosgsoshu yo`abm xsshu*lj}hu lakayt jf ygh dlott abyhuvolt jb wowat obiygh djuuhtsjbiabm lhtt ygob*kjuh ygob dxkxloyavh fuhqxhbdaht jb owat" Ygxt yghuh dob eh y}j jmavht bokhl lhtt ygob ju kjuh ygob fjuygh tokh fuhqxhbd iatyuaexyajb" La`hDlottAbyhuvolFuhqxhbd Dxkxloyavh FuhqxhbdLhtt Ygob KjuhYgob3?3?353534343939383836363=3=373731313?338?3?853585853?8?388?84383=8?33?53?48?98?83?83?98?48?53?33=88343?88
Gsjyghtat Yhtyabm
Ab kou`hyabm uhthoudg abvhtyamoyajbt ofyhu ygh uhthoudg ioyo govh ehhbjumobathi, txkkoua~hi obi suhthbyhi, ygh uhthoudghu got yj abyhusuhyygh uhtxlyt e hwokababm o loumh bxkehu jf yoelht uhloyhi }aygfuhqxhbdaht, shudhbyomht obi objyghu tyoyatyadol khotxuht"O tyoyatyadol gsjyghtat at o yhbyoyavh tyoyhkhby oejxy ygh souokhyhutjf o sjsxloyajb" Ygh koab fxbdyajb jf yhtyabm jf gsjyghtat at yj mhytjxbi ihdatajbt abtsayh jf xbdhuyoabyaht" Ihdatajb ko`abm dob ehdjbtaihuhi yj eh o sujdhtt jf ko`abm o dgjadh okjbm olyhuboyavht" Aytuhfhu yj ygh djbdlxtajb ihuavhi uhmouiabm y}j iaffhuhby gsjyghtht jbygh eotat jf djllhdyhi abfjukoyajb fjuk ygh djbdhubhi sjsxloyajb"Ygh sujdhtt jf ihdatajb ko`abm ygujxmg sujshu tyoyatyadol yhtyt jf tambafadobdh e*} y}j djbyhtyabm gsjyghtat at dollhi ygh yhtyabm jf Gsjyghtat"
Htthbyaolt jf yhtyabm jf Gsjyghtat'a! Tshdafadoyajb jf ygh fjuk jf Sjsxloyajb Iatyuaexyajb
Ay dob eh Bjukol, Eabjakol, Sjattjb ju ob jyghu iatyuaexyajb"
'aa! Bxll obi olyhuboyavh gsjyghtat
Gj obi G
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'aaa! Lhvhl jf Tambafadobdh
Ysh A huuju ju Ysh AA huuju8( ju 18(
Ttyhkoyad ossujodg fju ko`abm gsjyghtat'a! Tyoyh ygh
bxll obi olyhuboyh gsjyghtat" ygh bxll gsjyghtat dob ehhayghu yuxh ju folth" Af ay at uhnhdyhi ofyhu yhty ygh olyhuboyavh gsjyghtatkxty eh uhnhdyhi"'aa! Tyoyh ygh tambafadobdh lhvhl oy ygh volxh ehlj} }gadg yghgsjyghtat }all eh uhnhdyhi"'aaa! Tokslh ygh sjsxloyajb xbihu txuvh, xtabm ob ossujsuaoyhkhygji obi obol~abm ygh uhtxlyoby ioyo, ihyhukabh ygh tokslhtyoyatyad uhlhvoby yj ygh gsjyghtat"'av! Oddhsy ju uhnhdy ygh gsjyghtat ofyhu djksouabm ay }ayg yghtyoyatyad jeyoabhi ab 'aaa!
Yhtyabm jf Gsjyghtht A 'Souokhyuad ju Tyobioui Yhtyt jf Gsjyghtht!
Gsjyghtat at xtxoll djbtaihuhi ot ygh suabdasol abtyuxkhby abuhthoudg" Ayt koab fxbdyajb at yj txmmhty bh} hwshuakhbyt obijethuvoyajbt" Ab fody, kob hwshuakhbyt ouh douuahi jxy }ayg yghihlaehuoyh jenhdy jf yhtyabm gsjyghtht" Ihdatajbko`hut jfyhb fodhtayxoyajbt }ghuhab ygh ouh abyhuhtyhi ab yhtyabm gsjyghtht jb ygheotat jf ovoaloelh abfjukoyajb obi yghb yo`h ihdatajbt jb ygh eotat jf txdg yhtyabm" Ab tjdaol tdahbdh, }ghuh iauhdy `bj}lhimh jf sjsxloyajbsouokhyhu't! at uouh, gsjyghtat yhtyabm at ygh jfyhb xthi tyuoyhm fjuihdaiabm }ghyghu o tokslh ioyo jffhu txdg txssjuy fju o gsjyghtatygoy mhbhuolatoyajb dob eh koih" Ygxt gsjyghtat yhtyabm hboelht xtyj ko`h sujeoealay tyoyhkhbyt oejxy sjsxloyajb souokhyhu't!" Yghgsjyghtat ko bjy eh sujvhi oetjlxyhl, exy ab suodyadh ay atoddhsyhi af ay got }aygtyjji o duayadol yhtyabm" Ehfjuh }h hwsloab gj}gsjyghtht ouh yhtyhi ygujxmg iaffhuhby yhtyt khoby fju ygh sxusjth, ay}all eh ossujsuaoyh yj hwsloab dlhoul ygh khobabm jf o gsjyghtatobi ygh uhloyhi djbdhsyt fju ehyyhu xbihutyobiabm jf ygh gsjyghtatyhtyabm yhdgbaqxht"
]GOY AT O GQSJYGHTAT:
383?33?83
   5   3   3   6    5   3   3   =    5   3   3   7    5   3   3   1    5   3   ?   3    5   3   ?   ?    5   3   ?   5 
Tyxihbyt ab FAY
Tyxihbyt abFAY383?33?83533
   ?   3    5   3    4   3    9   3    8   3    6   3    =   3    7   3    1   3    ?   3   3 
Lhtt YgobKjuh YgobFAY KEO

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