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Hispanics Report

Hispanics Report

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Published by SantigoAfundaNelas

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Published by: SantigoAfundaNelas on Nov 07, 2012
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02/27/2013

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New Century FoundationOakton, VA 22124703 716-0900
 
Major Findings
Income and Wealth
 
Per capita income of Hispanics is one half that of non-Hispanic whites, andhousehold net worth is less than one tenth.
 
Fifty percent of Hispanic households use some form of welfare, the highest rateof any major population group.
Crime
 
Hispanics are 3.3 times more likely to be in prison than whites; they are 4.2times more likely to be in prison for murder, and 5.8 times more likely to be in prisonfor felony drug crimes.
 
Young Hispanics are 19 times more likely than young whites (and slightly morelikely than young blacks) to be in youth gangs.
Education
 
Hispanics drop out of high school at three times the white rate and twice theblack rate.
 
Even third-generation Hispanics drop out of school at a higher rate than blacksand are less likely to be college graduates.
 
From 1992 to 2003, Hispanic illiteracy in English rose from 35 percent to 44percent.
 
The average Hispanic 12th-grader reads and does math at the level of the aver-age white 8th-grader.
Families and Health
 
At 43 percent, the Hispanic illegitimacy rate is twice the white rate, and His-panic women have abortions at 2.7 times the white rate.
 
Hispanics are three times more likely than whites not to have medical insur-ance, and die from AIDS and tuberculosis at three times the white rate.
 
In California, the cost of free medical care for illegal aliens forced 60 hospitalsto close between 1993 and 2003.
Attitudes
Only 33 percent of citizens of Hispanic origin consider themselves “Ameri-cans” first. The rest consider themselves either “Hispanic/Latino” or their formernationality first.
 
New Century Foundation - 1 - Hispanics: A Statistical Portrait
Hispanics: A Statistical Portrait
H
ispanics are the fastest-growing major popu-lation group in the United States, and haveoutstripped blacks as the largest minority.According to the U.S. Census Bureau’s medium ormost likely projection, they will account for one infour of the American population by 2050. Large ma- jorities of both legal and illegal im-migrants are Hispanic, and would bethe major beneficiaries of any pro-gram to offer undocumented resi-dents a path to legal status. In May,2006, for example, the Senatepassed S. 2611, which wouldamnesty10 million illegal im-migrants and triple legal im-migration from one million tothree million people everyyear.
1
Decisions on amnesty,guest-worker programs, orany other immigration-relatedmeasures will therefore deter-mine whether the United Statesretains its current demographic characteristics or be-comes increasingly Hispanic. These decisionsshould not be made without regard to the impactHispanics have already had on the United States.
The Population
In 2005, there were 42.7 million Hispanics in theUnited States, and they were 14.4 percent of a popu-lation that was 66.9 percent white, 12.3 percentblack, 4.2 percent Asian, 1.4 percent Pacific Islander,and 0.8 percent American Indian.
2
The great majority of Hispanics—66 percent—are of Mexican origin. No less than ten percent of the population of Mexico now lives in the UnitedStates, and one out of every seven Mexi-can workers migrates here.
3
Manymore would like to come: Accord-ing to a recent survey, almost half of all Mexicans said that theywould move to the United Statesif they had the chance.
4
The 33 percent of Hispanicswho are not from Mexico havemainly the following heri-tages: 17 percent LatinAmerican, nine percentPuerto Rican, and four per-cent Cuban (see figure to theleft).
5
The characteristics of these populations are oftenquite different, with Cuban im-migrants generally more economically successfulthan those from Mexico, Central America, or PuertoRico.Between 2000 and 2005, the Hispanic popula-tion increased at a rate of 3.7 percent a year, no lessthan 14 times the growth rate for whites and morethan three times the black rate.
6
This increase wasdue both to high birthrates and to immigration of about 800,000 Hispanics every year.
7
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