other cutting tools.It is an extremely versatile machine used to perform a variety of grinding operations: surface,cylindrical, or complex shapes. The image shows a manually operated setup, however highlyautomated Computer Numerical Control(CNC)machines are becoming increasingly common
due to the complexities involved in the process.
CNC tool and cutter grinder
Today's tool and cutter grinder is typically a CNC machine tool, usually 4, 5, or 6 axes, whichproduces endmills, drills, etc. which are widely used in the metal cutting industry.Modern CNC tool and cutter grinders enhance productivity by typically offering features such asautomatic tool loading as well as the ability to support multiple grinding wheels. High levels of automation, as well as automatic in-machine tool measurement and compensation, allowextended periods of unmanned production. With careful process configuration and appropriatetool support, tolerances less than 5 micrometres (0.0002") can be consistently achieved even onthe most complex parts.
A radius grinder (or radius tool grinder) is a special grinder used for grinding the most complextool forms, and is the historical predecessor to the CNC tool and cutter grinder. Like the CNCgrinder, it may be used for other tasks where grinding spherical surfaces is necessary. The toolitself consists of three parts: The grinder head, work table, and holding fixture. The grinder headhas three degrees of freedom. Vertical movement, movement into the workpeice, and tilt. Theseare generally set statically, and left fixed throughout operations
The D-bit grinder is a tool bit grinder that specializes in the grinding of D-bit cuttersfor pantograph milling machines. Pantographs are a variety of milling machine used to create