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Hurricane Sandy and Climate Change

Hurricane Sandy and Climate Change

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Published by NPRombudsman

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Published by: NPRombudsman on Nov 07, 2012
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12/04/2012

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Fjkda~` Fcahl` ahn Vahn{
‚H`| [gym`yv \gm` Pp ^g V~yahl`j{ Qk`~ Fk~{—
 Ajj ^ckhlv Fghvkn`y`
 
R`y{ iyk`b y`b`y`hf` dan` i{ Lgr`yhgy Fgdg kh ckv v~a~`d`h~* anny`vv`n ahnkh~ygnf`n i{ Daylg~ Anj`y(
 ANJ@Y5 Gh Jghl Kvjahn* ;? p`yf`h~ gb ~c` pgpja~kgh jgv~ pg|`y( Bgy cgvpk~ajv car` i``h`rafa~`n( _aymv ay` v~kjj fjgv`n( Bajj`h ~y``v car` fyvc`n fayv ahn ay` y`vpghvkij` bgy a~ j`av~ gh` gb H`| [gym Fk~{,v n`a~cv bygd ~c` v~gyd( A~ ~c` `hn gb ckv h`|v fghb`y`hf`* Lgr`yhgy Fgdgvakn* K |gjn jkm` ~g va{ ~ckv kv ~c` jav~ gffyy`hf` |` |kjj car`( K ngh,~ i`jk`r` ~ca~(FPGDG5 Ah{gh` |cg va{v ~c`y`,v hg~ a nyada~kf fcahl` kh |`a~c`y pa~~`yhv K ~ckhm kv n`h{khly`ajk~{(
‚Khvyahf` Fgdpahk`v Ajy`an{ B``jkhl Vahn{‛v @bb`f~v—
 Ajj ^ckhlv Fghvkn`y`n 
 
Vku`aij` nkvfvvkgh i`~|``h Ank` Fgyhkvc ahn I`h I`ymg|k~u gh ~c` vie`f~ gb cg| khvyahf` fgdpahk`v ay` fcahlkhl ~c`ky rk`|v gh fjkda~` fcahl` ahn`s~y`d` |`a~c`y(
FGYHKVC5 Hg|* I`h* `ayjk`y K d`h~kgh`n a y`pgy~ i{ ~c` khvyahf` lkah~ Dhkfc Y` aig~ khvyahf` khnv~y{ jgvv`v( ^ca~ vad` y`pgy~ ajvg nkvfvv`v fjkda~` fcahl` a~ gh` pgkh~ va{khl* ~ckvkv a qg~`5 )Fjkda~` fcahl` pay~kfjayj{ abb`f~v bgyda~kgh gb c`a~ |ar`v* nyglc~v* kh~`hv` py`fkpk~a~kgh `r`h~v* ahn kh ~c` jghl yh* dgv~ pygiaij{ ajvg ~ygpkfaj f{fjgh` kh~`hvk~{() K d`ah*~c`{ nkvfvv ah `spy`vv jkhm kh ~c`ky pgkh~ gb rk`| i`~|``h fjkda~` fcahl` ahn ~c` by`q`hf{ gb v`r`y` |`a~c`y `r`h~v kh Hgy~c Ad`ykfa( Cg| fgddgh kv ~ckv rk`| |k~ckh ~c` khvyahf` khnv~y{7 I@YMG\K^U5 K~,v lyg|khl( K~,v lyg|khl( ^c`y` kv $ Dhkfc Y` kv gh` gb ~c` ikll`v~ pygpgh`h~v gb ~ca~ rk`|* ahn y`ajj{ ~c`{,r` i``h vfc a ikl pygpgh`h~ bgy vg jghl ~ca~ ~c`{,r` iyglc~ a jg~ gb g~c`y khvy`yv ayghn ~g ~c`ky pgkh~ gb rk`|( Ahn {g,jj v~kjj bkhn khvy`yv |cg va{* |` ngh,~ i`jk`r`kh fjkda~` fcahl` gy |` i`jk`r` ~c` vfk`hf` kv hfj`ay gy |` i`jk`r` ~ca~ vgd`~ckhl kv capp`hkhli~ k~,v hg~ fj`ay |ca~( Ahn ~c`h gh ~c` g~c`y vp`f~yd {g ng car` khvy`yv* jkm` Dhkfc Y`* ~ca~ afmhg|j`nl` vgd`~ckhl fj`ayj{ cav fcahl`n( ^ckhlv ay` fj`ayj{ l`~~khl |gyv`* ahn |` car` ~gkhvy` affgynkhlj{(FGYHKVC5 Vg a~ ~ckv pgkh~* ay` khvy`yv `vv`h~kajj{ y`fajkiya~khl ~c`ky dgn`jv i`fav` gb |ca~ ~c`{ i`jk`r` aig~ fjkda~` fcahl`* kv ~ca~ abb`f~khl gy py`dkdv7 I@YMG\K^U5 Khvy`yv ay` aivgj~`j{ ~amkhl a by`vc jggm a~ cg| ~c`{ v~yf~y` ahn cg| ~c`{ pykf` pgjkfk`v* pay~kfjayj{ ~c` gh`v ~ca~ y`ajj{ `diyaf`n ~c` fjkda~` fcahl` ~c`gyk`v( ^c`{ bjj{i`jk`r` ~ca~ vgd`~ckhl kv fcahlkhl ahn ~ca~ ~c`{ car` ~g* bgy ~c` vam` gb ~c`ky ivkh`vv dgn`jv*jggm a~ cg| ~c`{ pykf` ahn ajjgfa~` ykvm nkbb`y`h~j{(FGYHKVC5 Ng {g bkhn ~ca~ ~c`y` kv a vgy~ gb ah khfy`avkhl dkhk khnv~y{ gb l`gykvm bgjmv*d`~`gygjglkv~v* p`gpj` |cg |gym bgy ~c` khvy`yv7 I@YMG\K^U5 ^c`y` kv hg~ckhl dkhk aig~ k~( K~,v ah `hgydgv ivkh`vv( K~,v vgd`~ckhl ~ca~ `r`y{khvyahf` fgdpah{ vp`hnv r`y{* r`y{ c`arkj{ gh( K~,v vgd`~ckhl ~ca~ ~c`y` ay` jg~v ahn jg~v gb d`~`gygjglkv~v ayghn ~c` |gyjn `hlal`n kh ahn vfk`h~kv~v* pc{vkfkv~v* fjkda~gjglkv~v* |ca~ car` {g( K~,v i`fgd` a ~y`d`hngv ivkh`vv* ~ckv vfk`hf` gb ~y{khl ~g py`nkf~ |ca~ ian ~ckhlv |kjjcapp`h |c`y`(
‚D
kjjkghv Abb`f~`n I{ Vahn{$
Y`ja~`n _g|`y G~al`v—
 Dgyhkhl @nk~kgh
 
Iyk`b d`h~kgh i{ @jkuai`~c Vcgly`h* va{khl fjkda~` fcahl` kv gh` pgvvkij` baf~gyfgh~yki~khl ~g dgy` pg|`y g~al`v
 
VCGLY@H5 [`v( Kh baf~* K vpgm` ~g v`r`yaj `sp`y~v ahn ~c`{ va{ ~ca~ ~c`y` ay` dgy` jayl` pg|`y g~al`v ~cah ~c`y` v`n ~g i`* `r`h 1? {`ayv alg( Ahn ~ca~ ~c`{ ngh,~ mhg| `saf~j{ |c{ ~ckv kvcapp`hkhl( I~ ~c`{ vakn ~c`y` ay` a fgpj` gb baf~gyv( Gh` kv ~ca~ ~c` lykn kv alkhl( Ahn ahg~c`y fgjn i` a~~yki~`n ~g fjkda~` fcahl`( Ahn vfk`h~kv~v va{ ~ca~ av fjkda~` fcahl` n`r`jgpv* ~c`y`|kjj i` dgy` ahn dgy` fa~av~ygpckf v~gydv( Ahn vg* kh ~c` b~y` |` fah kdalkh` ~ca~ ~c`y` fgjn i` dgy` v~gydv jkm` ~ckv( Ahn ~ca~,v vll`v~`n ~c`y` vcgjn i` pna~`v ngh` ~g ~c` lykn ~gdgn`yhku` k~ ahn l`~ k~ y`an{ bgy ~c`v` mkhnv gb v~gydv(
‚Kv Fjkda~` Fcahl` Y`vpghvkij` Bgy Vahn{7—
 Ajj ^ckhlv Fghvkn`y`
 
A bjj v~gy{* a nkvfvvkgh ~c` pgvvkij` fghh`f~kgh i`~|``h fjkda~` fcahl` ahnVahn{ i`~|``h Ygi`y~ V`kl`j ahn Ny( Day~kh Cg`yjkhl #y`v`ayfc d`~`gygjglkv~ a~
 HGAA‛v @ay~c V{v~`dv Jaigya~gy{ kh Igjn`y* Fgjgyang+
 
 
Cg`yjkhl va{v ~ca~ Vahn{ |av hg~ fav`n i{ fjkda~` fcahl`( I~ c` ng`v va{ ~c`
na~a khnkfa~` ~ca~ fjkda~` fcahl` kv fav`v ‚f`y~akh `s~y`d`v— ~g ‚khfy`av` khby`q`hf{*— vp`fkbkfajj{ c`a~ |ar`v* y`fgyn nakj{ ~`dp`ya~y`v* i~ hg~ cyykfah`v
 
VK@L@J5 Ahn* bkyv~* iyganj{ vp`amkhl* nkn {g v`` ~ckv lklah~kf v~gyd av vgd`~ckhl fav`n i{fcahl`v kh fjkda~`7 CG@YJKHL5 Hg( I{ ahn jayl`* ~ckv kv a v~gyd ~ca~ fgd`v yay`j{ i~ cav fgd` i`bgy`( CG@YJKHL5 ^c`y` ay` f`y~akh `s~y`d`v bgy |ckfc ~c` na~a khnkfa~`* py`~~{ h`qkrgfajj{* ~ca~ fjkda~` fcahl` $ ~c` |aydkhl gb ~c` pjah`~ $ kv favkhl ~c`d ~g khfy`av` kh by`q`hf{( Dgv~ hg~`|gy~c{ ay` c`a~ |ar`v* y`fgyn nakj{ ~`dp`ya~y`v ~ca~ ay` `fjkpvkhl py`rkgv y`fgyn raj`v( Ahn ~ca~,v `h~ky`j{ fghvkv~`h~ |k~c a pjah`~ av a |cgj` ~ca~,v dgrkhl ~g|ayn |ayd`y fghnk~kghv(VK@L@J5 I~ cyykfah`v7 CG@YJKHL5 Hg(VK@L@J5 ^c`y` kv hg fgyy`ja~kgh* {g,y` va{khl( CG@YJKHL5 Hg* ~c`y` kvh,~( ^c`y`,v hg $ j`~ d` va{ ~ckv |a{* ~c`y` kv y`ajj{ jg| fghbkn`hf` ~ca~ fjkda~` fcahl` cav abb`f~`n ~c` by`q`hf{ gy kh~`hvk~{* gy ~yafmv gb ~c`v` nkv~yiahf`v(
 
Gh ykvkhl gf`ah ~`dp`ya~y`v* Cg`yjkhl va{v ~ckv |gjn hg~ ann ~g ~c` kh~`hvk~{ gb a cyykfah`
 CG@YJKHL5 ^c` hvajj{ |ayd |a~`yv gbb ~c` @av~`yh V`aigayn |`y` cg|`r`y kh ay`av |c`y`~c` iafmlyghn ~`dp`ya~y` kv jkm` 2? n`ly``v Bacy`hc`k~( Vg annkhl a b`| n`ly``v Bacy`hc`k~ a~ ~ca~ fggj |a~`y ~`dp`ya~y` ng`vh,~ da~~`y ~gg dfc bgy ~c` kh~`hvk~{ gb a cyykfah`(
 
Cg`yjkhl va{v ~ca~ H`| [gym vcgjn i` fghf`yh`n aig~ ~c` ykvkhl ~g~aj v`a j`r`j*|ckfc `saf`yia~`v ~c` `bb`f~v gb `s~y`d` |`a~c`y vfc av Vahn{
 CG@YJKHL5 K~ ng`v v~ahn p* ahn K,jj i` vp`fkbkf cg| k~ v~ahnv p( ^c`y` kv a hkf` ckv~gykfajy`fgyn gb ~c` ~kn` j`r`j a~ ~c` Ia~~`y{ ev~ i`jg| Dahca~~ah ~ca~ lg`v iafm ~g 130?v( Ahn ~ca~ ~kd`v`yk`v* |ckfc kv bakyj{ fgdpj`~` p ~g fyy`h~* vcg|v a ykv` kh ~c` ~g~aj v`a j`r`j gb aig~ gh` bgg~ kh ~c` 10? {`ayv gb ~ca~ y`fgyn( Hg|* |` car` 1>$bgg~ ykv` y`ja~`n ~g Vahn{( Vg gh` bgg~ g~ gb 1>da{ hg~ i` vgd`~ckhl ~ca~ kv fyk~kfaj( I~ k~ da{ r`y{ |`jj i` kh ~c` v`hv` ~ca~ ~ca~ jav~ bgg~ da{i`~c` bgg~ ~ca~ dgr`n ~c` |a~`y kh~g r`y{ pygh` ay`av(
‚Vp`yv~gyd Vahn{ Nkvyp~v Jkb` Bgy \``mv ^g Fgd`—
^ajm Gb ^c` Ha~kgh
 
Ahny`| Fgdg‛v vp``fc v~ay~v ~c` fghr`yva~kgh* a vku`aij` v`f~kgh gb ~c` dfc
jghl`y vcg|
 
 H`kj Fghah nkvfvv`v ~c` y`ja~kghvckp |k~c Anad Byahm gb H_Y‛v 16(< Fgvdgv
ahn Fj~y` ijgl
 
Byahm hg~`v ~ca~ ~c`y` kv a nkbb`y`hf` i`~|``h jghl$~`yd fjkda~` ~y`hnv ahnvkhljay |`a~c`y `r`h~v
 
 BYAHM5 ‚K~,v kdpgy~ah~ ~g dam` ~c` nkbb`y`hf` i`~|``h* {g mhg|* ~c` |`a~c`y ~ca~ ykh`n {gy 
 pkfhkf {`v~`yna{ ahn* {g mhg|* ~c` jghl$~`yd* gr`y${`ayv pa~~`yh gb fcahl`v ~ca~ capp`h |k~cfjkda~`( I~ |ca~ |` f`y~akhj{ hn`yv~ahn hg| kv ~ca~ fjkda~` fcahl`* ~c` annk~kgh gb ajj ~ca~ FG9kh ~c` a~dgvpc`y` ahn ajj ~c` c`a~ ~ca~,v i`khl ~yapp`n* kv pvckhl gy fjkda~` kh~g a nkbb`y`h~ ngdakh |c`y`i{ |`,y` lgkhl ~g `sp`f~ ~c` by`q`h
f{ gb `s~y`d` `r`h~v ~g fcahl`(—
 
 
Byahm ajvg hg~`v ~ca~ k~ kv `vp`fkajj{ nkbbkfj~ ~g a~~yki~` cyykfah`v ~g fjkda~`fcahl`
 BYAHM5 •
~c`y` kv a ck`yayfc{ gb nkbb`y`h~ mkhnv gb |`a~c`y `r`h~v ~ca~ {g fah a~~yki~` ~gfjkda~` dgy` fj`ayj{( K~ ng`vh,~ d`ah ~ca~ vgd`~ckhl jkm` ~ckv v~gyd cav hg~ i``h abb`f~`n i{fjkda~`( Khn``n* ajdgv~ `r`y{ |`a~c`y pa~~`yh kv lgkhl ~g car` vgd` iav`$j`r`j fcahl` i`fav` gb ~c` fcahl`v ~ca~ car` ajy`an{ capp`h`n ~g ~c` fjkda~`( I~ |ca~ c` |av y`ajj{ jggmkhl a~ |av|ca~ |av c`a~ |ar`v ahn nyglc~v* |ckfc y`ajj{ ay` gh ~c` ~gp gb ~ca~ ck`yayfc{* ~ckhlv ~ca~ {gy`ajj{ `sp`f~ ~g i` capp`hkhl dgy` by`q`h~j{ ahn |k~c dgy` kh~`hvk~{ i`fav` gb fjkda~` fcahl`( Hg|* k~ ng`vh,~ d`ah ~ca~ |k~c a v~gyd* jkm` |k~c cyykfah`v* ~ca~ k~,v hg~ capp`hkhl gy fcahlkhl~c` kh~`hvk~{ i`fav` gb fjkda~` fcahl`( K~ ev~ d`ahv ~ca~ ~c` vfk`hf` ~c`y` kv $ kh ~`ydv gb ~c`a~~yki~kgh gb ah{ pay~kfjay v~gyd $ kv ev~ dgy` fgdpj`s( Ahn* {g mhg|* dah{ vfk`h~kv~v kh bk`jn* {g mhg|* i`fav` ~c`{,y` vfk`h~kv~v* ~ca~ ~c`{,y` hg~ lgkhl ~g dam`* {g mhg|* ~c`{,y` hg~ lgkhl ~g p~ dgh`{ ng|h ~ca~ ~ca~ `saf~ v~gyd |av fav`n i{ fjkda~` fcahl`(FGHAH5 Ahn vg {g ~ajm`n aig~ ~ca~ ck`yayfc{ gb `r`h~v( Kb nyglc~v ay` h`ay ~c` ~gp* {g va{cyykfah`v ay` h`ay ~c` ig~~gd(BYAHM5 Yklc~( Cyykfah`v ahn ~gyhang`v yklc~ hg| ay` ~c` dgv~ nkbbkfj~ ~ckhl ~g pgkh~ ~g ah{khnkrknaj `r`h~ av gffyykhl n` ~g fjkda~` fcahl`(
‚_yg~`f~khl H`| [gym Bygd B~y` Bjggnkhl—
 Dgyhkhl @nk~kgh
 
^c` p`yvgh i`khl kh~`yrk`|`n* Dajfgjd Ig|dah va{v* ‚|k~c fjkda~` fcahl`* |`
fah `sp`f~ dgy` `s~y`d`v kh ~c` |`a~c`y* ahn vg |` fah `sp`f~ ~ckv dgy` kh ~c`
b~y` ~cah p`ycapv kh ~c` pav~(—
 
 KHVM@@_5 Kv k~ y`avghaij` ~g `sp`f~ ~ca~ ~ckv da{ capp`h alakh a~ vgd` pgkh~ kh ~c` b~y`7 IG\DAH5 Gc* vy`j{* {`v( K d`ah* k~,v lgkhl ~g capp`h dgy` by`q`h~j{* K ~ckhm( \k~c fjkda~`fcahl`* |` fah `sp`f~ dgy` `s~y`d`v kh ~c` |`a~c`y* ahn vg |` fah `sp`f~ ~ckv dgy` kh ~c` b~y`~cah p`ycapv kh ~c` pav~(
 
^ckv kv ~c` ghj{ d`h~kgh gb fjkda~` fcahl` kh ~c` v~gy{ aig~ py`paykhl H`| [gym 
Fk~{‛v khbyav~yf~y` bgy b~y` v~gydv
 
‚Giada Dam`v Bkhaj _vc Bgy V`fghn ^`yd—
 Dgyhkhl @nk~kgh
 
Vfg~~ Cgyv`j{ iyk`bj{ d`h~kghv fjkda~` fcahl` kh ~c` n`vfykp~kgh gb Da{gy
Ijggdi`yl‛v `hngyv`d`h~ gb _y`vkn`h~ Giada
 
 CGYVJ@[5 Da{gy Ijggdi`yl va{v Cyykfah` Vahn{* ~c` v`fghn ikl v~gyd ~g v~ykm` H`| [gym Fk~{ kh ev~ gr`y a {`ay* cav iyglc~ ~c` v~am`v gb ^`vna{,v `j`f~kgh kh~g vcayp y`jk`b( C` pyakv`n  Dy( Giada bgy ~amkhl daegy v~`pv ~g y`nf` ly``hcgv` lav `dkvvkghv ~ca~ fgh~yki~` ~g fjkda~`fcahl`( Ahn c` fyk~kfku`n Dk~~ Ygdh`{ bgy aiahnghkhl ~c` r`y{ fap$ahn$~yan` pyglyad ~ca~  Ygdh`{ ghf` fcadpkgh`n av Davvafcv`~~v, lgr`yhgy(
‚Cg| Giada Ahn Ygdh`{ Nkbb`y Gh Fjkda~` Fcahl`—
 Dgyhkhl @nk~kgh
 
V~`r` Khvm``p ahn Y`h`` Dgh~alh` y`pgy~ gh Ijggdi`yl‛v `hngyv`d`h~ gb 
_y`vkn`h~ Giada* ~ca~ Ijggdi`yl fghh`f~`n fjkda~` fcahl` ahn Vahn{(

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