, customary law is more than alegalistic code governing right rom wrong.Rather, it is the normative ramework thatregulates the judicial, political, social, andreligious processes o the groups that live withinthe region. Coordinated by elder males withineach community, customary law historicallyprovided a vital means or maintaining socialcohesion, adjudicating crime, urnishing aramework or mediating inter-group conict, andcoordinating resource sharing. This study ocusedon capturing the current status o customaryauthority among our groups: the Jie and Dodothin northern Karamoja and the Tepeth andMatheniko in southern Karamoja.For a number o reasons, customary law hassharply declined in inuence and eectiveness inrecent decades among the our groups. First, boththe loss o livestock due to increased raiding and ashit away rom pastoral livelihoods haveundamentally transormed customary institutions.Customary law hinged on livestock, whichprovided both the means or compensation andthe resource necessary or the most importantsocial rituals (e.g., initiation, marriage, death).Second, changing worldviews among the peopleo Karamoja – due to increased trade, education,and migration – are challenging the old culturalmonopoly o traditional approaches. Third,authority in Karamoja is rooted in processes o generational succession. Those processes havebroken down in many places in recent year andinitiations or young men have largely ceased(although this is starting to change in some areas).This has resulted in a rit between elders and those younger men impatient or greater social roles intheir communities. Fourth, the rise o crime – particularly those crimes perpetrated byThis is the summary o a longer report which can be ound on the Feinstein International Center website at c.tuts.edu. The authors thank Irish Aid Kampala or supporting this work, with particular recognition to Pronch Murray, Wendy Kasujja and Fearghal MacCarthaigh. Fieldwork was assisted byIrene Emanikor, Joyce Ilukori, Luke Lonyiko, Joshua Kidon, Michael Kapolon and Samson Lorika.All photographs are by Khristopher Carlson.