Platform Issue Paper
Platform Issue Papers areintended to share informa-tion and knowledge to ad-vance the role and potentialfor ARD for sustainable andmore equitable develop-ment.They are to inform and aidcurrent debates and theyshould not be seen as aformal position of any of itsmembers.Acknowledgements: Theauthors Natasha Grist andSteve Wiggins (ODI) wouldlike to thank Silvia Donato(IFAD) for insights providedduring the production ofthis brieﬁng. Any errorsand omissions remain theresponsibility of theauthors themselves.
Taking Stock after the Bonn Climate ChangeTalks: An ARD Perspective
Bonn saw progress in getting agriculture into the climate change agreements expected at Copen-hagen in December 2009. This, however, comes from a low base, with agriculture barely recog-nised in the UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol texts, as well as in the more recent Ad-Hoc WorkingGroup session reports.There is thus plenty to do ensure that agricultural and rural development (ARD) issues are sufﬁ-ciently well incorporated into the draft and ﬁnal Copenhagen agreement; and even more to do af-ter the event in ensuring agreed provisions are both operational and effective in the ﬁeld.
What was achieved at Bonn for ARD?
Ofﬁcial meeting reporters of the Earth Negotiations Bulletin highlighted the difference in ap-proaches between the two main working groups:‘Although both the AWG-KP and AWG-LCA came into the meeting with text to discuss,and both groups sought to ensure that all parties’ proposals were adequately expressedtherein, the texts evolved quite differently over the course of the meeting. While the AWG-LCA text sailed rather uncontroversially through the meeting, with parties simply addingand clarifying proposals and stating views, the AWG-KP texts were discussed in moredepth, with attempts to consolidate proposals for LULUCF and Annex I targets, and per-sistent tension about the breadth of the group’s mandate.’ (IISD 2009)
In the main negotiating texts, the following ARD references were included
Long term Cooperative Action [AWG-LCA]
: discussing shared vision, mitigation, adaptation, tech-nology and ﬁnance.
Crop production and food security are mentioned in ﬁrst paragraph as adversely af-fected by climate change
Resilience-building activities mentioned sustainable agriculture
Agriculture was mentioned as a sector that might be included in the nationally ap-propriate mitigation actions (NAMAs)
Emphasis is given to the need for more research and development around mitigationtechnologies in agriculture especially soil carbon sequestration
In discussing intellectual property rights, there was a call to disallow patenting ofspecies for adaptation in agriculture by corporations
Insurance is mentioned to address extreme weather events and risks to crop produc-tion, food security and livelihoods
Land use may or may not be included in the REDD discussions (options were given inbrackets)