Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
No.5: Agriculture in the Long-term Cooperative Action

No.5: Agriculture in the Long-term Cooperative Action

Ratings: (0)|Views: 21 |Likes:
Analyses revisions in the LCA negotiating text submitted shortly after the June meeting.
Analyses revisions in the LCA negotiating text submitted shortly after the June meeting.

More info:

Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Global Donor Platform for Rural Development on Nov 08, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

02/21/2014

pdf

 
1
Natasha and silly theair's authors of thedocument. It may how-ever I'm not the appro-priate to point out thatSerbia and Wendy tonot give any and youwake of the document. Iam not sure
Platform Issue Paper
 
 
Platform Issue Papers areintended to share informa-tion and knowledge to ad-vance the role and poten-tial of ARD in sustainableand more equitable devel-opment.
1)
IISD (2009) Summary of the Cli-mate Change Talks 1-12 June 2009(26pp), Earth Negotiations BulletinVol. 12 No. 241http://www.iisd.ca/climate/sb30.
This Agriculture and Climate Change Issue Paper is one of a series to be produced during 2009.Platform Issues Papers are intended to share information and knowledge and advance the role ofAgriculture and Rural Development (ARD) in sustainable and more equitable development. Thepapers are designed to inform current debates and do not reflect the position of any individualmember.
Agriculture in the LCA:
- Analysis of Revised Negotiating Text FCCC/AWGLCA/2009/INF.1 -
Summary/Key messages
Agriculture-related terms are included 72 times in the current document;
 
Three key areas include: recognition of the importance of food security and sustainableagriculture within a changing climate, how agriculture might be brought into REDD-plus(Reduced Emissions through Deforestation and Degradation), and calls for inclusion ofmore research into research & development (R&D) on agricultural mitigation technolo-gies;
 
There is no reference to smallholder agriculture, rural development or livestock; wherementioned,or groups;
 
Adaptation is being increasingly associated/merged with risk reduction and manage-ment. In this framework, insurance is included as a key tool and mentioned in relation tocrop production;
 
References to -p sometimes refer purely to forestry; at othertimes they lture;
 
With regard to mitigation, a key reference to agriculture is found in the context of sec-toral approaches/sector-specific activities;
 
The link between land use sector and Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs)is currently not well developed;
The need for effective measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) for both NAMAsand REDD-plus is emphasized.
 
Background
This note analyses how agriculture and related rural issues are being included in progressive ver-sions of the UNFCCC negotiating texts in the period before the Copenhagen COP15 meeting in De-cember 2009. Platform Issue Paper 1 analysed the initial negotiating texts that were discussed atthe Bonn Meeting in June 2009 in the two group sessions: Kyoto Protocol (KP) and Long-term Coop-erative Action (LCA). This paper analyses the revised negotiating text from the LCA session, whichwas presented shortly after the June meeting, incorporating comments from Parties. The KP grouphas not produced a revised version of the text as yet.As was reported in Issue Paper 1, the AWG-her uncon-troversially through the meeting, with Parties simply adding and clarifying proposals and stating.
1
The outcome of this is that the negotiating text has increased from 43 to 199 pages inlength and there are now alternatives and options provided to nearly every original paragraph.
Summarised points from previous and current texts
It is worth re-stating key points relating to agriculture from the analysis of the negotiating text pro-
No. 5
|
August 2009
 
 
2
duced by the LCA Chair before the Bonn June 2009 meeting:
Crop production and food security
: are mentioned in the first paragraph as adversely affected by climate change.
 
Resilience
-building activities mention sustainable agriculture.
 
NAMAs:
 
Agriculture was mentioned as a sector that might be included in the nationally appropriate mitigation actions.
 
R&D
: Emphasis is given to the need for more research and development around mitigation technologies in agriculture,especially soil carbon sequestration.
 
IPR
: In discussing intellectual property rights, there was a call to disallow patenting of species for adaptation in agricul-ture by corporations.
 
Insurance
: Insurance is mentioned to address extreme weather events and risks to crop production, food security andlivelihoods.
 
Land Use:
Land use may or may not be included in the REDD discussions (options were given in brackets).
 
This current revised version of the text includes a total of 72 references to agriculture-related issues, including thefollowing:
A.
 
Agriculture, soil, crops, food:
Recognition of the need to address GHG emissions from agriculture: and the need for it to receive attention therefore inthe LCA document.
 
The links between adaptation and mitigation in sustainable agriculture are mentioned several times in the document.
 
Agriculture continues to be linked to food security and poverty reduction.
 
Agriculture is linked to increasing resilience.
 
Agriculture is linked to possible REDD-plus activities. The rationale given for this is that the expansion of food productioninto forest areas is a main driver of deforestation and therefore needs to be included in subsequent revisions of REDD-plus, in stepped phases.
 
Continued emphasis given to the need for more cooperation and R&D on agriculture mitigation technologies, especiallysoil carbon sequestration (see above).
 
Concern is expressed that the process should not create agricultural performance standards as this may create barriersto world trade.
 
IPR concerns continue (see above).
 
Insurance proposal for crop production and food security remains (see above).
 
Biochar is mentioned - the need for cooperation on activities and technologies is expressed in the text.
 
Agricultural efficiency should be a focus of mitigation actions.
 
Food is expressed as being a human right.
 
Ecosystem services include food provision.
 
B.
 
Land Use, land and land use change and REDD-plus:
Agriculture is not mentioned in the list of activities to be covered by REDD-plus as listed in paragraph 106.4 (reproducedhere):
106.4 Activities under paragraph 106, hereinafter, REDD-Plus, should include: (a) Increasing forest cover due to afforesta- tion and reforestation (b) Maintaining and enhancing forest carbon stock by forest conservation, incremental change of forest cover, sustainable management of forest (c) Reducing deforestation (d) Reducing forest degradation.
When discussing the purpose of REDD, however, this specifically describes monitoring of land use and sustainable landmanagement, which goes beyond forests to incorporate sustainable land management.
Land use planning is proposed as a way to reduce risks from climate change.
 
Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) provide sinks for the removal of GHGs.
 
Alternative text options include the possibility of expanding REDD-plus mechanism to incorporate selected forest activi-ties and land use and land use change categories can be incorporated into the REDD-plus mechanism (although whichcategories these will be is not specified).
Platform Issue Paper | No. 5
 
 
3
Text options for REDD-plus to develop comprehensive land use inventories.
 
Developed countries are to commit to sustainable funding of LULUCF in developing countries.
 
LULUCF sectors are mentioned as sectors for gradual uptake quantified emission targets by developing countries throughthe REDD-plus mechanism.
 
Global and national inventories of LULUCF proposed.
 
Need for a legal framework for land tenure, land rights and land use planning.
 
C.
 
Fisheries: 
Fisheries and marine ecosystems are mentioned three times in the text as vulnerable to climate change, needing morestudy and as possibly requiring a compensation mechanism to be created for reduction in fisheries as a result.
 
Agriculture-related terms and mentions in Text
Revised Negotiating Text dated 22 June 2009 produced after the June Bonn meeting (199pp).
Methodological note
Texts were analysed for the appearance of key words using thethese were relevant to agriculture and the ARD debate. Text extracts were created of those mentions deemed useful and collated by keyword. There is some repetition of extracts where different key words are mentioned in the same paragraph as some users of this doc-ument may be interested in just one or two key words, so this tool is designed so that relevant extracts are present in all sections underthe different relevant key words.
Terms
1
 
No. Topic No. of mentions
1.1
 
Agriculture and AFOLU 13
1.2
 
Crop 2
1.3
 
Energy (related to agriculture) 2
1.4
 
Food/food security 10
1.5
 
Land use, land use change and forestry/ LULUCF 27
1.6
 
Livestock 0
1.7
 
Marine, fisheries 6
1.8
 
REDD (related to agriculture) 8
1.9
 
Rural development 0
1.10
 
Soil (i.e. soil carbon sequestration) 2
1.11
 
Smallholder 0
Total
70
1)
Available: http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2009/awglca6/eng/inf01.pdfText searches were also done for references to poverty (33 mentions) and development (526 mentions).These were not included in this analysis.
Text extracts:
Reading the texts a key to symbols and terms used
Brackets around text
 
mean that this is an optional element in the text. Both types ofbrackets show an optional element in the text (i.e. can be removed or left in).
{ }
are options added by the chair in the original negotiation text.
[ ]
are options added by Parties in the SBSTA round of talks. 
x
 
is used to number sections where new text has been added ( i.e. x.1, x.2 etc.)
Options 
 
are different possibilities for consideration within a paragraph statement.
Alternatives 
are more substantial sections to be considered as substitutes
 
 
Platform Issue Paper | No. 5
 

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->