consists of facts and items of knowledge. It can be anything that has meaning to people.Usually information is expressed in words and numbers. However, it can be expressed in other forms, such as sounds, measurements or pictures.Ex:
A list of names and addresses.
The contents of a letter.
The words of a song.
s information in which it can be processed.Ex:
A word processed letter stored on a floppy disc
A song written as sheet music so that it can be played.
A telephone conversation converted to electrical signals to be sent down the wires.
Information processing is the organization, manipulation and distribution of information.
Sorting a list of names and address into alphabetical order.
Producing a letter with a word processor, saving it on floppy disc and then sendingit by electronic mail.
Transmitting a conversation over the phone system.
Listening to songs and deciding which ones are best.
Reading a map to get from one place to another.
When data is collected and processed, whether by computer or by other means, a set of operationsis carried out on it. The sequence of operations : data collection, input, process, output is called adata processing cycle.