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The Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972

The Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972

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Published by: jmventre on Nov 10, 2012
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The Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 as Amended
The Marine MammalProtection Act of 1972As Amended
as amended 2007
Compiled and annotated by the
Marine Mammal Commission4340 East-West HighwayBethesda, MD 20814
Updated for 2004 and 2007 Amendments by
 NOAA’s National Marine Fisheries Service1315 East-West HighwaySilver Spring, MD 20910
 
The Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 as Amended
3
The Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972as Amended
1
To protect marine mammals; to establish a Marine Mammal Commission; for other  purposes.
 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of Americain Congress assembled 
, That this Act, with the following table of contents, may be cited asthe "Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972".
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Sec. 2.Findings and declaration of policy.........................5Sec. 3.Definitions........................................6Sec. 4.Effective date.......................................9
Title I—Conservation and Protection of Marine Mammals
Sec. 101.Moratorium and exceptions..............................10Sec. 102.Prohibitions........................................18Sec. 103.Regulations on taking of marine mammals....................20Sec. 104.Permits...........................................22Sec. 105.Penalties..........................................30Sec. [ ]. Disposition of fines..................................
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30Sec. 106.Vessel fine, cargo forfeiture, and rewards....................30Sec. 107.Enforcement.......................................31Sec. 108.International program.................................33Sec. 109.Federal cooperation with States...........................35Sec. 110.Marine mammal research grants...........................40Sec. 111.Commercial fisheries gear development......................41Sec. 112.Regulations and administration............................42Sec. 113.Application to other treaties and conventions...................43Sec. 114.Interim exemption for commercial fisheries...................43Sec. 115.Status review; conservation plans..........................52Sec. 116.Authorization of appropriations...........................53Sec. [ ].Dolphin protection...................................
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54Sec. 117.Stock assessments....................................58Sec. 118.Taking of marine mammals incidental to commercial fishingoperations........................................60Sec. 119.Marine mammal cooperative agreements in Alaska...............71Sec. 120.Pacific Coast Task Force; Gulf of Maine ....................76
Title II—Marine Mammal Commission
Sec. 201. Establishment of Commission.............................76Sec. 202. Duties of Commission.................................77Sec. 203. Committee of Scientific Advisors on Marine Mammals............78Sec. 204. Commission reports...................................78Sec. 205. Coordination with other Federal agencies.....................78Sec. 206. Administration of Commission............................79Sec. 207. Authorization of appropriations...........................79
 
Marine Mammal Commission 
4
Title III— International Dolphin Conservation Program
Sec. 301. Findings and policy...................................80Sec. 302. International Dolphin Conservation Program...................81Sec. 303. Regulatory authority of the Secretary.......................81Sec. 304. Research..........................................84Sec. 305. Reports by the Secretary................................85Sec. 306. Permits...........................................86Sec. 307. Prohibitions........................................87
Title IV—Marine Mammal Health and Stranding Response
Sec. 401. Establishment of program...............................89Sec. 402. Determination; data collection and dissemination................89Sec. 403. Stranding response agreements............................ 90Sec. 404. Unusual mortality event response..........................90Sec. 405. Unusual mortality event activity funding......................92Sec. 406. Liability. .........................................93Sec. 407. National Marine Mammal Tissue Bank and tissue analysis. . ........93Sec. 408. John H. Prescott Marine Mammal Rescue Assistance Grant Program... 95Sec. 409. Authorization of appropriations...........................96Sec. 410. Definitions.........................................96 
Title V—Polar Bears
Sec. 501. Definitions........................................ 97Sec. 502. Prohibitions...................................... 98Sec. 503. Administration...................................... 98Sec. 504. Cooperative Management Agreement; authority to delegate enforcementauthority ......................................... 99Sec. 505. Commission appointments; compensation, travel expenses, and claims .100Sec. 506. Votes taken by the United States Section on matters before theCommission ...................................... 101Sec. 507. Implementation of actions taken by the Commission.............. 102Sec. 508. Application with other titles of Act.........................102Sec. 509. Authorization of appropriations...........................102 Notes...............................................104Recently Enacted Provisions Related to Marine Mammals................109Endnotes...............................................112
This copy of the Marine Mammal Protection Act is provided for information only. Beforerelying on any portion of the Act as it appears here, reference should be made to theofficial report of the Act in the United States Code.To assist the user, headings have been provided for most subsections and some lesser  provisions. Some headings were enacted as part of the Act. Other have been added to the Act as it appears in the United States Code. Headings included in the United States Code,but which were not enacted as part of the Marine Mammal Protection Act, appear inbrackets.Certain provisions of the Act set forth requirements relative to the time of enactment of the provision. To assist the reader, these provisions have been annotated by including inbrackets a specific date when the provision becomes effective or by which a required actionis or was to be taken.

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