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Published by Ahmed Barkaati

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Published by: Ahmed Barkaati on Nov 11, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Dynamic synchronous transfer mode (DTM) is an excitingnetworking technology. The idea behind it is to provide high-speednetworking with top-quality transmissions and the ability to adapt thebandwidth to traffic variations quickly. DTM is designed to be used inintegrated service networks for both distribution and one-to-onecommunication. It can be used directly for application-to-applicationcommunication or as a carrier for higher-layer protocols such asInternet protocol (IP).DTM, Dynamic synchronous Transfer Mode, is a broadbandnetwork architecture based on circuit switching augmented withdynamic reallocation of time slots. DTM provides a service based onmulticast, multirate channels with short set-up delay. DTMsupportsapplications with real-time QoS requirements as well as applicationscharacterized by bursty, asynchronous traffic
This tutorial explores the development of DTM in light of thedemand for network-transfer capacity. DTM combines the two basictechnologies used to build high-capacity networks—circuit and packetswitching—and therefore offers many advantages. It also providesseveral service-access solutions to city networks, enterprises,residential and small offices, content providers, video productionnetworks, and mobile network operators.
Over the last few years, the demand for network-transfercapacity has increased at an exponential rate. The impact of theInternet; the introduction of network services such as video andmultimedia that require real-time support and multicast; and theglobalization of network traffic enhance the need for cost-efficientnetworking solutions with support for real-time traffic and for thetransmission of integrated data, both audio and video. At the same time,the transmission capacity of optical fibers is today growingsignificantly faster than the processing capacity of computers.Traditionally, the transmission capacity of the network links has beenthe main bottleneck in communication systems. Most existing network techniques are therefore designed to use available link capacity asefficiently as possible with the support of large network buffers andelaborate data processing at switch points and interfaces. However,with the large amount ofdata-transfer capacity offered today by fibernetworks, a new bottleneck problem is caused by processing andbuffering at switch and access points on the network. This problem hascreated a need for networking protocols that are not based on computerand storage capacity at the nodes but that instead limit complexoperations to minimize processing on the nodes and maximizetransmission capacity.Against this background, the DTM protocol was developed.DTM is designed to increase the use of fiber's transmission capacityand to provide support for real-time broadband traffic and multicasting.It is also designed to change the distribution of resources to the network nodes dynamically, based on changes in transfer-capacity demand.
In principle, two basic technologies are used for building high-capacity networks: circuit switching and packet switching. In circuit-switched networks, network resources are reserved all the way fromsender to receiver before the start of the transfer, thereby creating acircuit. The resources are dedicated to the circuit during the wholetransfer. Control signaling and payload data transfers are separated incircuit-switched networks. Processing of control information andcontrol signaling such as routing is performed mainly at circuit setupand termination. Consequently, the transfer of payload data within thecircuit does not contain any overhead in the form of headers or the like.Traditional voice telephone service is an example of circuit switching.
Circuit-Switched Networks
An advantage of circuit-switched networks is that they allow forlarge amounts of data to be transferred with guaranteed transmissioncapacity, thus providing support for real-time traffic. A disadvantageof circuit switching, however, is that if connections are short-lived—whentransferring short messages, for example—the setup delay mayrepresent a large part of the total connection time, thus reducing thenetwork's capacity. Moreover, reserved resourcescannot be used byany other users even if the circuit is inactive, which may further reducelink utilization.

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