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Free Space Optics

Free Space Optics

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Published by Ahmed Barkaati

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Published by: Ahmed Barkaati on Nov 11, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Communication, as it has always been relied and simply dependedupon speed. The faster the means ! the more popular, the more effective thecommunication is !Presently in the twenty-first centaury wireless networking is gainingbecause of speed and ease of deployment and relatively high network robustness. Modern era of optical communication originated with theinvention of LASER in 1958 and fabrication of low-loss optical fiber in1970.When we hear of optical communications we all think of opticalfibers, what I have for u today is AN OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONSYSTEM WITHOUT FIBERS or in other words WIRE FREE OPTICS.Free space optics or FSO –Although it only recently and rathersuddenly sprang in to public awareness, free space optics is not a new idea.It has roots that 90 back over 30 years-to the era before fiber optic cablebecamethe preferred transport medium for high speed communication.FSO technology has been revived to offer high band width last mileconnectivity for today’s converged network requirements.
Free space optics or FSO, free space photonics or opticalwireless,refers to the transmission of modulated visible or infrared beams throughthe atmosphere to obtain optical communication. FSO systems can functionover distances of several kilometers.FSO is a line-of-sight technology, which enables opticaltransmission up to 2.5 Gbps of data, voice and video communications,allowing optical connectivity without deploying fiber optic cable orsecuring spectrum licenses. Free space optics require light, which can befocused by using either light emitting diodes (LED) or LASERS(lightamplification by stimulated emission of radiation). The use of lasers is asimple concept similar to optical transmissions using fiber-optic cables, theonly difference being the medium.As long as there is a clear line of sight between the source and thedestination and enough transmitter power, communication is possiblevirtually at the speed of light. Because light travels through air faster than itdoes through glass, so it is fair to classify FSO as optical communications atthe speed of light. FSO works on the same basic principle as infraredtelevision remote controls, wireless keyboards or wireless palm devices.

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