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Intelligent Navigation Syst

Intelligent Navigation Syst

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Published by Ahmed Barkaati

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Published by: Ahmed Barkaati on Nov 11, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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What is navigation? From, time immemorial human beings relied onnatural signpost and the position of celestial bodies to find the desired route.As the population increase the need for better transportation increase. With theincrease inautomobiles came the problem of traffic congestion. This led toresearch in the field of navigation engineering. This brought about a wave of technological breakthroughs.In this report I have included the major navigation systems such as GPSaided navigation system, two-dimensional vehicle tracking using video image processing, the position location arid reporting system used by the US Armyand Marine Corps. Neural networks structure can be used to automate highway driving.
This paper proposes a simple model to provide a framework for investigating human behavior with vehicle navigation aids. This modelconsists of planning, decision-making, control, and perception. Decisions aremade by comparing perceived cues from the outside view with the expectedcues from planning. VNA assist mainly in dynamic planning, providingsupport and updating to the cognitive map, navigators have of their environment.VNA aims at assisting drivers in car navigation; human capabilities andlimitations have to be incorporated in VNA designs. To date research invehicle navigation has not provided sufficient models to support such designs.There are many aspects of vehicle navigation with VNA havenot beenintensively addressed with models. The interactions between the humandriver, the machine and the natural view of the environment is one of them.A VNA system is assumed to have at least the following Characteristics1.It has a database of navigation information. The database providesgeographical and other relevant information about the area that thevehicle is traveling through.2.It has a capability of locating the current position of the vehicle.3.There is an algorithm making dynamicsuggestions onroute selection.4.It has an interface, which presents the navigation model to the humandriver.
Fig. 1. Navigational model without VNA
Fig. 1 shows the basic activities and their information relations intraditional car driving without VNA. The human driver constantly observesthe environment catching a variety of cues, such as road signs, trees and buildings. The perceived cues are then compared with the expected cues indriver’s memory. The expected cues are created from the drivers planningactivity. When the driver cannot match the perceived cues with the expectedcues for a period of time, he/she is loosing his/her orientation. There are two basic characteristics of expected cues.1.These cues are not necessarily clearly recalled information instead; theymight be vague information in the driver’s memory. The driver may not be able to precisely predict the next view. But he can expect somefeatures that can be recognized when they are seen.2.These cues are basically discrete. Drivers do not necessarily constantlyexpect navigational cues instead they take heed of ‘landmarks’ asneeded.

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