As you can see in Figure 1 in the previous page, the SSLS is a facility that is mostlycircular in shape with many beamlines leading out from the central electron particleaccelerator. And within each of the beam lines lie powerful bending magnet that bendsthe electrons to produce the synchrotron radiation. To understand how the synchrotron
works, one must first understand what synchrotron radiation is: “High energy electrons
which are subjected to large accelerations normal to their velocity should radiate
 That is to say, when electrons travelling at high speed(close to that of the speed of light) changes directions, they produce a type of electromagnetic radiation termed as synchrotron radiation.The Synchrotron works in a series of five steps; Firstly, electrons are produced using anelectron gun. A heated element or cathode provides the free electrons that are pulledthrough a hole in the end of the gun by a powerful electric field, producing an electronstream about as thick as the width of a strand of human hair. Secondly, the electron beamis then fed into a linear accelerator, or linac. High-energy microwaves or radiowaveschop the stream into bunches, o
r pulses. The electrons also pick up speed by “catching”
the microwaves and radiowaves. When they exit the linac, the electrons are travelling at99.99986 percent the speed of light and carry about 300 million electron volts (MeV).Thirdly, the linac then feeds into a booster ring which uses magnetic fields to force theelectrons to travel in a circle. Radio waves are used to add even more speed. The boosterring ramps up the energy in the electron streamto between 1.5 to 2.9 gigaelectron volts(GeV). This is enough energy to produce synchrotron light in the infrared to hard X-rayrange. Next, the booster ring feeds electrons into the storage ring, a many sided donut-shaped tube. The tube is maintained under a vacuum, as free as possible of air or otherstray atoms that could possible deflect the electron beam. Computer-controlled magnetskeep the beam true. Synchrotron light is produced when bending magnets deflect theelectron beam; each set of bending magnets is connected to an experimental station orbeamline. Machines filter, intensify or otherwise manipulate the light at each beamline toget the right characteristics for experiments. Finally yet importantly, keeping the electronbeam absolutely true is vital then the material one is studying is measured in billionths of a metre. The precise control is accomplished with computer controlled quadrapole (fourpole) and sextupole (six pole) magnets. Small adjustments with these magnets act tofocus the electron beam.